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Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) Report Until January 04, 2013. Regarding the human rights situation of prisoners in Oromia, particularly following the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa….children between the ages of 9 and 18 are being held at various police stations … prisoners were sustained injuries, fractures, or blood on their bodies and were temporarily or permanently injured. Arrest of father or mother in some areas Various inmates have been accused of extorting money from their wives and threatening to accuse them of being members of the Shane.

Law enforcement action must be in accordance with the law

Surveillance report at 21 police stations in Oromia region

Summary

Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) Until January 04, 2013. Regarding the human rights situation of prisoners in Oromia, particularly following the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa.
Repeated complaints from a number of other detainees, including the arrested suspects, “haala yeroo” He monitored 21 selected police stations.
There were reports of numerous human rights violations in the treatment of detainees, although varying from place to place. Many people
They are arrested on suspicion of being “on a case-by-case basis” without a warrant.
Most of them remain in detention beyond the time allowed by law and without trial. In addition, in many police stations, prosecutors issued a “no-confidence motion” due to lack of information, or in accordance with court orders.
The suspects who were to be released were those who had been arbitrarily detained on the grounds that they were the main accomplices or wanted for other crimes. Various police stations
Prisoners arrested on suspicion of “current situation” are being held in zones and At the district level, there are “security councils” (Mana maree nageenyaa)

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they explain. Non-compliance with court orders is still a problem in some parts of the region.
Some of the detainees at the monitored police stations were police officers
During their detention (especially in Oromia Special Forces) as well as at various police stations
They told the monitoring group that they had been beaten, and that their heads, faces, noses, stomachs, legs, teeth, etc. had been damaged. The ISMCO Monitoring Group noted that there were inmates who had sustained injuries, fractures, or blood on their bodies and were temporarily or permanently injured. Arrest of father or mother in some areas Various inmates have been accused of extorting money from their wives and threatening to accuse them of being members of the OLF.
You have filed a complaint. In some police stations, the watchdog group observed detainees who had failed to repay their loans by failing to repay loans from micro and small lenders.
There were female detainees at all police stations under surveillance, including women who claimed to have been arrested on suspicion of a crime or to have another family member who was wanted for a crime. Some of these women are children, ranging in age from 5 months to 10 years. On the other hand, the commission noted that children between the ages of 9 and 18 are being held at various police stations along with adults.
The dormitories at most police stations are overcrowded with detainees. Prisoners told the monitoring group that there were cases of severe overcrowding in some prisons, on the porch during the day and in the night. The monitoring team found that most of the restrooms were severely unhygienic and prone to pests

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Watched. It was also reported that there was a severe shortage of food, as a result of which prisoners were deprived of food, especially due to their isolation and inadequate capacity, as well as water, sanitation, and medical services.
The Oromia Attorney General responded by stating that he had formed an investigation team with the Oromia Police Commission regarding the findings of the commission. In response, he denied that the alleged human rights abuses had taken place and that the commission’s findings were “mostly one-sided information from prisoners and their families.”
It is impossible. ” In addition to information obtained from detainees and their families, ISMCO noted that some of the findings were verified by the monitoring team and representatives of some police stations.
Regarding the detailed response given by the Oromia Attorney General on various issues, the responses are included in this follow-up report; The response letter is also attached.
Recommendations Although ISMCO looks at a number of areas in this report, Similar human rights abuses have been reported in many parts of the region, with numerous complaints to the commission. Therefore, all stakeholders should understand the seriousness of the problem and implement the recommendations below


ISMCO calls for you to do so.
To the Oromia Police Commission and to the Oromia Attorney General

All prisoners who have been detained in violation of a court order to be released immediately;

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  • Prisoners who have been beaten by security forces and other inhumane acts
    Investigate cases to ensure victims receive justice and hold police officers accountable for misconduct and human rights violations;
    Establish the necessary control system to prevent similar incidents in the future;
  • The release of so-called “temporarily” detainees who have been detained for a long time without being informed, investigated, or brought before a court of law;
  • Immediate release of detainees for the purpose of providing a wanted family member; And provide clear guidance to prevent similar incidents in the future;
  • To reduce the number of inmates at police stations with high overcrowding
    Take immediate action to help: To build more restrooms, and to take immediate action to improve sanitation.
    -People arrested in connection with non-compliance with civil obligations should be released immediately
    To provide clear guidance to release them and prevent similar acts in the future.
  • Prompt investigation of child and female suspects at any time;
  • To make it easier for mothers of infants to be released on bail as much as possible.
  • Children between the ages of 9 and 15 who are arrested on suspicion of involvement in criminal matters are subject to the Criminal Procedure Code.172 to be released on bail immediately. For the Oromia National Regional State Administration
  • Continue zonal and woreda-level “security councils” to respect the authority and function of the judiciary and to stop its activities related to arrests and detentions.

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  • Properly supervised security forces employed in various locations.
    For the FDRE. House of Peoples’ Representatives and Oromia
  • To find a lasting solution to the serious human rights situation described in this report
    To closely monitor and monitor the implementation of the Commission’s recommendations; ISMCO calls.
    • Introduction
  • Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) June 22, 2012 The unrest in the Oromia region following the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa last night Monitoring the human rights situation, especially the treatment of prisoners, at various times to take corrective action.He has been making recommendations to stakeholders. Although some corrective measures have been taken in accordance with the recommendations, there are still many unresolved human rights issues in the region.Complaints will be submitted to ISMCO. ISMCO from November 11, 2013 to January 4, 2013. During the period, he conducted surveillance at 21 selected police stations, including a large number of “haala yeroo” detainees, including those arrested in connection with the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa. Surveillance was conducted in Jeldu, Abune Gendeberet, Gendeberet, Batu, Adami Tulu, Shashemene town (woreda two police station), Arsi Negele town, Dodola, Adaba, Gedeb Asasa woreda (Assasa), Adama (Denbela sub-city, Dabe Soloke sub-city and Bole sub-city police stations), Assela town (two police stations), Dera (Dodota woreda), Chiro, Boset woreda (Olenchiti), Robe Bale town, Haromaya and It’s at the police station.

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Methodology The monitoring was conducted on the basis of repeated complaints and suggestions to the Commission
In particular, there are a number of others who have been arrested in connection with the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa.
It is located at 21 selected police stations. The surveillance was carried out in two rounds at two police stations, each with two members.
They collected information from 21 selected police stations and 281 inmates by using pre-prepared questionnaires in accordance with relevant national and international laws and principles, and conducted physical observations in detention centers.
However, in addition to the names and locations mentioned in the report, it was important to clarify the situation, and the names of detainees and police representatives interviewed by the monitoring groups were not named.
Prior to the commission’s release of its findings to the public, the Oromia Regional State Police (Oromia Regional State Police Commission, Oromia Regional State Attorney General’s Office, Oromia Regional State Attorney General and Oromia Regional State (D) January 14, 2013. Requested by Letter (No. SEMO / 2.1 / 50/2013). Chefe
Oromia and Oromia Regional State Chief Executive Office
Unable to include comments because they did not provide. Oromia Attorney General
March 14, 2013 In a letter to ISMCO No. 02 / WG-12/1172
By forming an investigation team with the Oromia Police Commission regarding the findings of the Commission
He gave a detailed answer stating that a vetting operation had been carried out and the responses in this report
They are directed to be included where appropriate.

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Major human rights violations identified in the monitoring regarding human rights abuses in the region.
The Commission’s ongoing monitoring and investigation efforts to ensure justice for victims and hold perpetrators accountable are in full swing at most police stations.
Due to the similarity, the following are some of the major human rights violations identified in the follow-up.
3.1. Imprisonment and related human rights abuses
In interviews with suspects at the police station and police station officials, the team found that most of the detainees at the police station were being held on “haala yeroo” suspicion.
This phrase is used to describe people arrested in connection with the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa, prisoners arrested in connection with the protests and protests, people arrested as a member or supporter of OLF Shene, people arrested in connection with the situation in Tigray region and the like. They have committed crimes by engaging in activities related to it
Police said they were using it to identify suspects.
Police station officials said the detainees were being held on suspicion of being “in a state of emergency” at the zonal and woreda security councils (Mana maree nageenyaa). Prisoners reported that decisions made by the council were delayed and did not comply with the law. As a result, many police stations have been charged with felony criminal mischief without due process
Prisoners complained that they had been detained without trial, without charge, without due process of law, and without complying with court orders.

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In some areas (eg, Adaba, Assasa), detainees told the monitoring group that the arrests were carried out at night and that the doors of their homes were being broken into by special forces and regular police without a warrant.
The victims told ISMCO and police officials confirmed: In a cafe in Adama, a pregnant woman was said to have “discussed a strike.”
The 38 suspects arrested had their appointments closed and the court granted them bail, but the police initially arrested them for “failing to present evidence due to relocation for work” and other evidence.
They are not enough to prosecute the suspects. ”
Sixteen suspects have been arrested in connection with the killing of artist Hachalu at the Arsi Negele City Police Station.
“Although they are not prosecuted, they are the main participants; They have to go to training for more than four months. One of the detainees stated that she had been detained for refusing to testify against other defendants and that she had been threatened by police and prosecutors. The administration of the police station said that the detainees were identified as the core (main participants) and that it was decided by the governing body to enter the training camp, but also from other places.
He said the process was delayed due to the presence of inmates who were undergoing training.
Among the detainees at the Batu town police station were 10 suspects, as well as Adam
Twenty-two of the suspects arrested at Tulu police station did not appear in court
They told the monitoring group that they had been unjustly detained for one to five months
They explained. Similarly, at the Chiro town police station, they were arrested from different districts
Other prisoners, including suspects in custody

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They complained to the monitoring group that they had been detained for months without appearing.
30 people arrested in Adaba for 15 days to two months; One person was detained for more than a month and a half in Dera, and four people detained in Assela Woreda 1 and Assela Woreda 2 for 15 days to three months without trial, according to the ISMCO Monitoring Group. The ISMCO monitoring team learned from various police stations that there were arrests that did not follow due process
The prisoners he spoke to later reported that they had been held in squalid conditions for long periods of time in overcrowded cells.
At Adaba Police Station, the surveillance team spoke to a man over the age of 50, who had been in the district for more than two months, along with many others.
“I have been arrested several times in the past for political reasons, but in my lifetime I have been arrested several times for political reasons. I have never seen anything like this, ”he told the monitoring group.
Oromia Prosecutor General’s Office Arrests Unexpected Arrests and Detention without Prosecution
In response to the above complaint, a number of suspects have been arrested without due process due to the complexities of the peace that followed the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa.
According to the law, suspects should be charged as soon as possible.
It states that their investigation records have been closed and released. The police said in a statement that the suspects were arrested only after a court order was issued.

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Ismeko understands that the violence that followed the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa is widespread, complex and may take a long time to investigate. However
At the beginning of the trial, a large number of unsubstantiated suspects were released
However, during the interrogation, there were several people detained at various police stations without charge. In addition, during the follow-up, alleged “contemporary” suspects unrelated to the disturbances following the artist’s assassination were detained without a court order beyond the legal limit.
They were.
On the other hand, three of the police stations monitored by ISMCO (border surveillance)
A total of ten suspects were arbitrarily taken to Shashemene town, dressed in armored or military uniforms, wearing artificial hair and carrying various weapons. About the situation
Officials at the two police stations interviewed confirmed that the detainees had been taken to Shashemene, but said they were unaware that they had been filmed. The head of a police station admitted that the suspects had been shot but that they had been shot with a firearm
No, he said, adding that they had come to the district where they had committed crimes in the past to gather information through a video conference with their previous district.
Some police at some police stations, particularly in the border town of Assasa
Members (especially members of the Special Forces) took people into their homes at night on the pretext that they were wanted for questioning.
They explain that they are threatening and threatening to sue you. The monitoring team could not substantiate this claim with any other independent evidence. In response, the Oromia Attorney General stated that there was a strict control system in place to prevent this from happening.

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He responded by stating that he was ready to prosecute the perpetrators if the allegations were substantiated.
In some areas (eg, Shashemene, Adaba), the monitoring group observed detainees who failed to repay their loans due to non-repayment of loans from various micro and small financial institutions (WALQO, Vision fund, etc.).
3.2. Failure to comply with court order
In most of the monitored police stations, a large number of alleged “current” suspects were released on bail or filed a bail application with the police, who signed the application and presented the detainee to the court.
They told the Monitoring Group that they had been unjustly detained for 15 days to five months without a court order.
Thirteen suspects in Dodola were released on bail pending the release of a court order. Some of the 16 suspects arrested in connection with the assassination of artist Hachalu at the Arsi Negele Police Station have been released on bail but have not been released and the rest have not been released on bail.
They had been in prison for months. A court in Olenchiti has ordered the release of a suspect on bail, but he has been held without charge for two and a half months without being released.
He explained to the ISMCO monitoring team. Some inmates also demanded bail
If we take it to court, we will be taken to an unknown location
They say they are afraid to ask.
Prosecutors, on the other hand, issued a “no-confidence motion” but kept them in custody
The monitoring team noted the presence of suspects. In Shashemene Woreda 2

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A police officer was released on bail, but the prosecutor ruled that she was not guilty of any crime.
After more than three months in prison, she was charged with another felony and sentenced to life in prison.
She told the monitoring group that the lack of compliance had discouraged her from the legal process.
Police officials in various surveyed areas admitted to the monitoring group that the above-mentioned problems existed, but only the district or zonal “security councils” could make decisions about those arrested on the basis of “current circumstances”. Even so, even if they are not able to make their own decisions, it is up to the concerned zonal and regional authorities
He told the monitoring group that he was working with the authorities to ensure that those who had been detained for a long time were sentenced to a short term or sent to a training camp in accordance with the guidelines. On the other hand, in light of the security situation in the region, there were also police officials who said that the action taken by the police and the non-compliance of the courts were reasonable and appropriate.
In response, the Oromia Attorney General noted that the problem had occurred in some areas.
If the suspects are released until further notice, they will be released
There are widespread complaints from the public that they are suspected of committing a crime
They were also charged with felony criminal mischief
It is feared that it may be. ” The reasons mentioned
They can be brought before a court of law, but in any case
House decisions should not be a reason to detain people who are supposed to be released
Ismeko believes.

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3.3. Beatings and inhumane treatment of prisoners
At most police stations monitored by ISMCO (eg, Adami Tulu, Adaba,
Assasa, Arsi Negele, Adama Dabe Soloke Police Station, Robe Bale, Dera, Chiro, Olenchiti, Haromaya, etc.)
Detainees reported beatings and other ill-treatment during arrests and entry into police stations. As a result, their heads, faces, noses, stomachs, legs, teeth, etc. ISMCO monitors inmates who have sustained injuries, fractures, or blood on their bodies that have been temporarily or permanently injured.
For example, during the surveillance of the Assasa City Police Station, more than 30 of the 110 (103 male and 7 female) detainees at the station were arrested or
After entering the site, they were beaten, bruised, and bruised. Prisoners who had been beaten told the ISMCO monitoring team, citing the names of the perpetrators.
Some of the detainees reported being beaten from their homes between approximately 3:00 pm and 8:00 pm, and some were beaten in the presence of their children and spouses, while others were beaten by their children and spouses.
Their partners also said they had been beaten. 16 of the complainants
At around 8:00 pm, special police officers covered their faces and lay on their stomachs while they were being held from their homes in the rural kebele where the detainees live.
They told ISMCO that they had committed inhumane acts by doing so, then trampled on their backs and threatened, “We will shoot you.”
A woman who claims to be a breastfeeding and pregnant woman in Adaba woreda has not been found by the police who came to arrest her alleged member of OLF Shene.
She said she was arrested and beaten at the time, and there were signs of beating on her body.

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A man who claimed to have been arrested during a family feud during a visit by the Arsi Negele City Police Station told the team that he had been beaten by police during his arrest and that he had been injured and was rolling on the ground inside the police station. In addition to others
The monitoring team observed the inmates who suffered various injuries as a result of the beatings.
He told the commission that 23 inmates were beaten at the Adami Tulu Woreda Police Station during the arrest and after entering the police station, including the Woreda Police Chief. Due to the beatings on their legs during the visit
Suspects with bruising, broken hands, and various signs of abuse
The ISMCO monitoring team was able to detect their presence. At the same police station, a suspect in the murder case disappeared from the area and was taken to another location.
Not to mention that he never escaped, even in the bedroom with his hands on his hips
He was imprisoned.
As a result of the beatings at police stations in Awdai and Chiro towns, suspects with bruises, broken arms or legs were exposed to the commission’s staff.
Eight suspects in Olenchiti reported being beaten by police officers after entering a police station, and one of the suspects was charged with felony criminal mischief.
He said that the suspect was beaten to believe in the crime he was accused of.
Has shown. During the arrest of the other suspects at the site and their statements
He told ISMCO that he had been beaten while being handed over to the investigating police.
Most of the station officials interviewed by the monitoring team were from the police station
Complaints about beatings by special police outside their jurisdiction
They mentioned that they could not comment on the matter, but some

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When the suspects tried to escape during the arrest, they speculated that the police might have taken action, but they denied allegations of beatings at the police station.
Officials at some stations (for example, Chiro) have promised to investigate and correct any problems with their site. On the contrary, some police station
Officials (for example, in Assasa, Adama Dabe Soloke sub-city, Dodola) suggested that the problem may have been caused by the suspects’ “dangerous behavior.”
The Oromia Attorney General said that in the wake of the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa, it was “impossible to maintain the rule of law” in the usual way and that the problem was “beyond the capacity of the local police force”.
He said the damage was done in the process of arresting suspects who tried to snatch weapons from the security forces. He added that some of the suspects had been injured while trying to escape, and that no one had been beaten by police in connection with the blast.
Ismeko is well aware of the complexities and special challenges posed by the large-scale violence that followed the Hachalu Hundesa assassination. However, despite these challenges, the need for law enforcement to fulfill its responsibilities, even under difficult circumstances, does not eliminate the need for respect for human rights. On the other hand, with special force when they are captured
Most of the inmates who reported to the monitoring team that they had suffered various injuries after the beating followed the artist’s assassination.
It is important to keep in mind that they are people who have been arrested at various times in the “current situation”.

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3.4. Arrests of other suspects in violation of the principle of individual responsibility for the arrest of a father or mother under the pretext of “bring your children who are suspected of a crime” and the arrest of a wife for “bringing your husband”.
Ismoko learned from his monitoring and regular complaints.
The monitoring group observed breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women who reported being detained in the same manner. In Awdai, for example, three women are wanted by the police (police)
It is learned that the members of the OLF Shene have been arrested for presenting their children and that a woman is in jail with her child for presenting her husband.
Similarly, her husband, who is wanted on suspicion of being a member of OLF Shene, at the Adaba Police Station
A pregnant woman who claimed to have been arrested for hiding from the police was in custody with her baby. In some police stations (for example, Dodola), a couple of children were arrested on suspicion of being “on a temporary basis” with their children.
The monitoring group found that.
Four fathers, including a couple of parents and
2 Mothers were imprisoned. Some police station officials interviewed by the watchdog group said it was necessary to use this method to apprehend key suspects, and some (e.g., Adaba) were particularly wanted by criminals.
Regarding mothers or married women who have been arrested in connection with their children or spouses, their children or husbands are wanted for crimes, but the individuals are also arrested because they are involved in the crime and are being held accountable.
They explain.
The Oromia Attorney General’s Response to the Complaint
It is not true that families are being arrested for presenting suspects
People at the above-mentioned police stations were arrested on suspicion of committing a crime
We confirmed at the police station that it was not for the suspects

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He replied. He acknowledged that the allegations were baseless and that some police officers, including some police officers, had spoken out in support of the plan. This practice is illegal and a violation of human rights
It also has a serious negative impact on vulnerable women and children and should be closely monitored.
3.5. “Security Councils” and the Right to Justice In discussions with various police station officials, the zonal and woreda security councils (Mana maree nageenyaa) have the power to make decisions on “current” suspects.
He understood that they were. The “Security Council” has five members: a zonal or woreda administrator or a city mayor (chairperson), a zonal or woreda prosperity party office head (deputy chairperson), a zonal or woreda administration and security bureau.
Head (member), head of the zonal or woreda police department, and head of the zonal or woreda prosecutor’s office.
According to officials, the council will assess the current security situation in the area, direct the action to be taken, determine the suspects to be arrested, and decide on the suspects to be released. Therefore, it is advisable to adhere to the decisions of both the courts and the prosecutors regarding “current” suspects.
It is understood that the house must be approved.
This process allows suspects to be arrested without a warrant, even after arrest
They were brought before a court of law and their case was heard in an independent court
They do not have access to speedy justice and the decisions of the courts are not enforced
Instead of judging people according to the law, they become victims of political decisions.

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Suspects who have been detained for months due to court rulings by ISMCO, who spoke to various police stations, raised serious questions about the credibility of the justice system. The regional government is committed to the peace and security of the people
While it is important to remember that he has a great responsibility to protect, the steps to be taken to fulfill this responsibility include the powers and functions of the judiciary established by the Constitution.
They must be respected.
3.6. Detained women and children There were female detainees at all police stations surveyed, including
Among themselves arrested on suspicion of a crime or other wanted criminal disappearance
There were women who claimed to have been arrested for providing family members. Some of these women are children, ranging in age from 5 months to 10 years.
Two police stations in Shashemene Woreda were overcrowded, with poor sanitation, and H.E. no. V. Various, including a prisoner living with the AIDS virus
In the ward, the team observed eight children, ranging in age from 3 to 10 years, who were incarcerated with their mothers on suspicion of various crimes. Mothers with children aged 5 months to one year at Adaba and Robe Bale police stations and a mother in Dodola.
The team found out that she and her husband were in custody with their baby.
The female suspects are in the same compound as the male suspects. In short
Female suspects use toilets and toilets as a threat to their safety
They use it with men. On the other hand, children arrested on suspicion of a crime are criminals
To be released on unconditional bail in accordance with Article 172 of the Penal Code
As expected: On the contrary, they were involved in criminal activities at various police stations
Suspected inmates under 15 years of age
They are being held in custody. For example, at Adami Tulu Woreda Police Station 6;

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The monitoring group observed children suspected of being involved in criminal activities in Olenchiti 4, Arsi Negele 1, Adaba 2.
Children who are incarcerated with their mothers or who are suspected of being involved in crime do not get enough food in the prisons. The storage rooms are also severely unhygienic
Babies and mothers sleep on a concrete floor with sheets, fertilizer, cardboard, and so on. As a result, their bodies are severely damaged and prone to various skin conditions
The monitoring group looked at children at risk.
3.7. Lack of Detention Centers and Poor Hygiene Most of the police stations observed by ISMCO monitoring cells are overcrowded. Areas inspected include Assela Woreda Police Station and Robe City Police Station.
Tulu, Batu, Abune Gendeberet, Gendeberet, Jeldu and Arsi Negele are known to be overcrowded. At these stations, the size of the houses was less than one square in terms of the number of inmates, so prisoners were not only able to sleep but also to sit.
They are in trouble.
As a result, some observers reported that inmates at some stations slept on the porch or in the courtyard during the day and slept in the evening.
You explained. Some stations also detain inmates due to security concerns
The prisoners were stacked on top of each other as they did not allow them to go out on the porch
The inmates said they spent the day and night in cramped rooms
Explain to the monitoring group.
The men’s room at Shashemene Woreda 2 police station is approximately 56 square meters
There were 73 suspects at the time of the search. The women’s room is approximately 24 square meters
There were 27 suspects and 8 children. For accommodation at the Batu police station

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There are three parts that serve. There are 27 inmates in the first room, which is approximately 20 square meters, and in the second room there are 18 inmates.
Approximately 12 square feet [12 sq m], there are 4 inmates in the third (female) class, and the area is approximately 5 square meters. In a conversation with the inmates at all three dormitories
Prisoners in cells complained of overcrowding and sometimes slept in shifts because space was not available to all inmates. At the site
The monitoring group noted that the detainees were exposed to various skin diseases due to extreme congestion and hot weather.
The Haromaya police station was overcrowded, and many prisoners were housed on the porch and used as restrooms. The restrooms are airtight and light. The same thing applies with urgency. In Abune Gendeberet Woreda
At the police station, 68 male prisoners were held in two rooms, each made of tin, approximately 25 square meters.
Crowds at Detention Stations In recent times, many people have been arrested in connection with the “current situation” in the form of a campaign, and people who have been granted bail are in court.
The Monitoring Group’s discussions with inmates and station officials revealed that detainees who had been charged or convicted had not been released due to a shortage of Covide-19 interrogation kits when they were to be transferred to prisons.
He was able to.
Another issue raised by detainees and observed by the monitoring group was poor hygiene in the detention centers and detention centers. Almost all supervised police stations have a mattress to sleep on
They do not have: The walls of the rooms are very dirty and unpainted for many years
They are infested with pests and are extremely unsuitable for human health and well-being
Have arrived. For example, the building used for the office at the Adaba Police Station is outside and
The interior wall is well painted, but on the contrary there are prisoners

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The fact that all the rooms have not been painted for centuries can be seen from the dark walls and walls of the Derg era.
It is also common to see rubbish piled up on the premises of most police stations. For example, in Awdai and Shashemene Woreda 2 police stations, a large amount of garbage was piled up next to the suspects’ dormitory.
They complained to the monitoring group that there were diseases. Leaders interviewed by the monitoring group noted a lack of funding for expansion and renovation and pest control for the units. However, it is clear from the discussions with the leaders that despite the budget deficit, the problem has not been addressed.
Oromia’s Attorney General’s Response to the Narrowing and Overcrowding of Detention Centers
He attributed the problem to the lack of a place to hold a large number of suspects.
3.8. Food, Medical and Water Services
The suspects were arrested at all police stations monitored by ISMCO
Suspected food shortages, especially those arrested from various rural kebeles who have been at the police station for a long time without being charged and whose families are incapacitated or far away from their homes.
They told the monitoring group that they were living in a difficult situation with the help of other prisoners. Police officials confirmed the problem, but said there was no budget for the food station.
In response to the case, Oromia’s Attorney General said that the police, in collaboration with the local government, had been providing food to inmates who could not feed themselves.

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Explains. However, during the surveillance, a number of “temporary” suspects were arrested from various rural kebeles and detained at each police station by the government.
There was no food for them.
There is no free health care provided by the government at all police stations. Prisoners cover their own health care costs. The most common problem at the monitoring stations regarding the service is the inmates’ request for medical care
This is because they do not receive the service on time. Police sometimes charge a fee of between 150 and Birr 300 to take prisoners to a medical facility, and a doctor may refer them to another medical facility for further treatment.
When commenting: Prisoners complained that they were not taken to the health facility on time.
At the Arsi Negele town police station, some police officers ridiculed them, saying, “Why don’t you die?”
Prisoners told the monitoring group that there were individuals who had been beaten.
While the team was at the station, a suspect was “beaten by police” with various injuries to his body on the ground without treatment.
The monitoring team noticed that it was rolling.
Shashemene Woreda 2 police station no. V. Patients and fellow inmates who live with AIDS and other inmates who suffer from epilepsy often suffer from chronic malnutrition.
Other prisoners explained to the monitoring group. In Olenchiti, a suspected H.E. no. V. Explain that he regularly takes anti-aging and anti-lung drugs
When he was arrested, he was taken to a police station without taking the medication and went to a health facility
He asked the police for medicine but was not taken to a health facility
He told the team that the pain was getting worse as he had not been able to get treatment for days
He explained.

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At Assasa City Police Station, a diabetic who was arrested with his spouse on “temporary” charges has been detained without trial for more than a month.
He told the monitoring group that he was suffering from a lack of food and medication. The management of the stations, for their part
He noted that despite the lack of logistics and manpower, there were no detainees who had been denied medical treatment, but that some detainees “asked only to leave unharmed,” and sometimes “could use it to escape.”
They point out that it is important to get proper medical attention when applying for treatment.
All the authorities denied the allegations and said that they would ask the police to pay them to go to the health facility.
It has been suggested that inmates may be asked to pay. Notwithstanding the point made by the officials, the formal medical request form (form)
It is clear that there is a gap in the lack of a clear procedure for when to ask for medical services, when a request was made, what the response was and what to do if the respondent did not respond appropriately.
The Oromia Attorney General, for his part, said there were gaps but that prisoners were being treated as much as possible.
Most of the monitored police stations have access to water despite interruptions. However, in some areas (for example, in Haromaya) there are no men’s and women’s bathrooms, especially for women prisoners.
The team explained. Water for personal hygiene at the Awdai Police Station
Due to the lack of supply, the inmates at the station were unable to maintain personal hygiene
The monitoring team noticed that they were suffering from pests.

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3.9. Toilet service
Most of the police stations surveyed were unsanitary, but they had toilets. But there is no consistent toilet use system
In some cases, inmates complained. In the current situation, the use of toilets depends on the management of each station. At most stations (eg, Assasa, Dedela, Assela Woreda 1, and Asela Woreda 2), inmates were provided with toilet services twice a day (morning and evening). Also at these sites
Prisoners are not allowed to go to the toilet during the day, except for the use of a container (jerrycan, bucket, water elastic, etc.) and sometimes on personal request.
Very few police stations (for example, Bale Robe, Shashemene, Adaba) allow inmates access to latrines at any time of the day. Prisoners, on the other hand
Fearing that they might escape, all police stations are ill and do not allow prisoners to leave their rooms in the evening.
Prisoners also reported that they had difficulty accessing the service.
Contrary to the above, the Jeldu police station did not have its own toilet at the time of the monitoring, and the detainees were flushing the open space in the Woreda Administration Office premises due to poor sanitation.
Watched. Asked about the problem, the head of the station’s inspection department repeatedly asked for a budget to build a toilet, but the requested budget was not allocated.
Prisoners said they were in dire straits due to lack of toilets. However, following the recommendations made by the monitoring team at the time, the police station’s management did
Efforts have been made to provide temporary toilets for the administration of the police station to ISMCO
Provided information.
Most latrines are unsanitary. At Awdai Police Station
There is only one toilet for the suspects. He is also full

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Due to lack of time, it is not possible to use it and it is not suitable for inmates
Spills are causing hazardous odors and disease in the area.
From the stations on the problems related to the toilet service in general
In discussions with the authorities, there was a lack of consistent procedures and guidelines for the provision of toilet services, and all stations were aware of their own circumstances, and the time when suspects could use the toilet was twofold.
It is understood that there are up to three. This is due to the lack of security forces and the fear that prisoners may escape.
There were also some leaders who said that it was enough for prisoners to have access to toilets twice a day. In addition, officials cite budget shortages as a result of poor sanitation and poor sanitation in some areas.
3.10. Lack of legal framework
Not all police stations surveyed have clear and mandatory guidelines for the treatment of detainees. For example, family visits, use of toilets, cleanliness of rooms, room size and number of detainees, medical care, inmates ‘physical safety and responsibilities at the stations, as well as inmates’ complaints about internal complaints when police stations violate their rights. Their absence contributed to the gaps in the treatment of prisoners.

Recommendations
Although ISMCO looks at certain areas in this report, He told the Commission that similar human rights problems were observed in many parts of the region
It is clear from the complaints that were filed. Therefore, all concerned
Recognize the seriousness of the problem and implement the recommendations below
ISMCO calls for you to do so.

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To the Oromia Police Commission and to the Oromia Attorney GeneralRelease all prisoners who have been detained in violation of a court order;

Prisoners who have been beaten by security forces and other inhumane acts
Investigate cases to ensure victims receive justice and hold police officers accountable for misconduct and human rights violations;
Establish the necessary control system to prevent similar incidents in the future;

The release of so-called “temporarily” detainees who have been detained for a long time without being informed, investigated, or brought before a court of law;

Immediate release of detainees for the purpose of providing a wanted family member; And clear leadership to prevent similar incidents in the future
To give:

To reduce the number of inmates at police stations with high overcrowding
Take immediate action to help: To build more restrooms, and to take immediate action to improve sanitation.

Immediate release of persons detained in connection with non-compliance
To provide clear guidance to release them and prevent similar acts in the future.

Prompt investigation of child and female suspects at any time;

To make it easier for mothers of infants to be released on bail as much as possible.

Children between the ages of 9 and 15 who are arrested on suspicion of involvement in criminal matters are subject to the Criminal Procedure Code.
172 to be released on bail immediately.

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For the Oromia National Regional State Administration
_ Enforce zonal and woreda level “security councils” to respect the authority and function of the judiciary and to stop its activities related to arrests and detentions; o
Appropriate control of security forces employed in various locations
To be done.

For the FDRE. House of Peophles’ Representatives and Oromia

  • To closely monitor the implementation of the Commission’s recommendations to find a lasting solution to the serious human rights situation described in this report; ISMCO calls.

For their full report in amharic version materials please download the following pdf

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በኢትዮጵያ ወቅታዊ ሁኔታ ላይ የተሰጠ መግለጫ:ብርሃነ ኪዳነማርያም

ብርሃነ ኪዳነማርያም

ብርሃነ ኪዳነማርያም

ስሜ ብርሃኔ ኪዳነማርያም እባላለሁ ፡፡ በተለያዩ የፐብሊክ ሰርቪስ እርከኖች ለአስርተ ዓመታት አገሬን ኢትዮጵያን በኩራት አገልግያለሁ ፡፡ ከአሁኑ ሥራዬ በፊት በሎስ አንጀለስ የኢትዮጵያ ተልዕኮ ቆንስል ጄኔራል ሆ serve ማገልገሌ ትልቅ መብት ነበር ፡፡ በአሁኑ ወቅት በዋሽንግተን ዲሲ በሚገኘው የኢትዮጵያ ኤምባሲ የአሜሪካ ተልእኮ ምክትል ሃላፊ በመሆን እያገለገልኩ ነው

የእኔ የሙያ ሁሉ, እኔ ሁልጊዜ ለ አለኝ ኢ en እኔ አገር አቅጣጫ ጋር ነበር ስጋቶች ስለ መንግስት እና ፓርቲ ኃላፊዎች ጋር ሐቀኛ. በልዩ ልዩ አመለካከቶቼ ምክንያት ከአንዳንድ የፖለቲካ ግንኙነቶች ማግለልን ጨምሮ መዘዝ ደርሶብኛል ፡፡ እነዚህ ተግዳሮቶች ቢኖሩም እኔ ሁሌም ለሀገሬ ይጠቅማል የምለውን ከፖለቲካ ፍላጎቶቼ በላይ ለማስቀደም እሞክራለሁ ፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ ለሁሉም ዜጎ peace ሰላምና ብልጽግናን ለማረጋገጥ አስፈላጊዎቹን ማሻሻያዎች እንድታደርግ ከረጅም ጊዜ ጀምሮ ተመኘሁ ፡፡

የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐብይ አህመድ (ዶ / ር) ብቅ እያሉ እኔ እንደሌሎች ኢትዮጵያውያን ሁሉ የፖለቲካ አካባቢያችንን ሊለውጥ የሚችል እውነተኛ ማሻሻያ ለማድረግ ትልቅ ተስፋ ነበረኝ ፡፡ መጀመሪያ ላይ ጠ / ሚኒስትር ዐብይ በሚሊዮኖች የሚቆጠሩ ኢትዮጵያውያንን ስለ እርቅ እና ስለለውጥ አነሳስተዋል ፡፡

ሆኖም የመጀመሪያውን ቃልኪዳን ከመፈፀም ይልቅ ኢትዮጵያን ወደ ጥፋት እና መበታተን ወደ ጨለማ ጎዳና እንድትመራ አድርጓታል ፡፡ እንደ ሌሎቹ ሁሉ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ኢትዮጵያን ወደ ብሩህ ተስፋ የመምራት አቅም አላቸው ብለው ያስቡ እንደነበረ ሁሉ አገራችንን ወደ ሚወስዱት አቅጣጫ ተስፋ በመቁረጥ እና በጭንቀት ተሞልቻለሁ ፡፡

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ግጭቶችን በውይይት ከመፍታት ይልቅ የፍትህ ስርዓቱን አላግባብ በመጠቀም እና ወታደራዊውን በመጠቀም የእሱን አገዛዝ የሚቃወሙትን ለማፈን የሃሳብና የፖለቲካ ልዩነቶችን መፍታት መርጠዋል ፡፡

ጋዜጠኞች የፕሬስ ነፃነትን ከማሳደግ ይልቅ ለእስር ፣ ለጥቃት እና ለግድያ ተዳርገዋል ፡፡

ቃል የተገባውን ወደ ዴሞክራሲ ሽግግር ከመምራት ይልቅ ምርጫዎች በተደጋጋሚ ተላልፈዋል ፡፡ የፖለቲካ መሪዎች በሐሰት ክስ ተይዘዋል ፡፡ እና ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች በምርጫ ሂደት ውስጥ እንዳይሳተፉ ታግደዋል እና ተሰርዘዋል ፡፡ እንደ ኦሮሞ ነፃነት ግንባር እና እንደ ኦሮሞ ፌዴራላዊ ኮንግረስ ያሉ ዋና ዋና ፓርቲዎች ከመጪው የይስሙላ ምርጫ ራሳቸውን አገለሉ ምክንያቱም መንግስት መሪዎቻቸውን ያለ ምንም ምክንያት በማሰራቸው የፓርቲያቸውን ጽ / ቤቶች ዘግተዋል ፡፡

በአብይ የሥልጣን ዘመን በጣም ከሚያስጨንቁ ክስተቶች መካከል ዋና ዋና የፖለቲካ እና የዜግነት ሰዎች ግድያ ናቸው ፡፡ ከነዚህም መካከል የታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ግድብ አፍቃሪ የፕሮጀክት ሥራ አስኪያጅ አቶ ስሜግነው በቀለ ግድያ; የኢትዮጵያ ጦር መኮንን ዋና አዛዥ ጄኔራል ሰዓረ መኮንን እና ጓደኛው ጄኔራል ገዛ አበራ ግድያ; የዶ / ር አምባቸው መኮንን እና ሌሎች የአማራ ክልል አመራሮች ግድያ; እና የታዋቂው የኦሮሞ ዘፋኝ ሀጫሉ ሁንዴሳ መገደል ወዲያውኑ እንደ ጃዋር ሞሃመድ ፣ በቀለ ገርባ ፣ ልደቱ አያሌው እና ይልቃል ጌትነት ያሉ የፖለቲካ አመራሮች መታሰራቸው እና ሌሎችም በርካታ ናቸው ፡፡ እነዚህ ግድያዎች ሁሉም በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ አስጨናቂ ምስጢሮች ሆነው የቀሩ ሲሆን እውነተኞቹ ወንጀለኞች በፍርድ አልተጠየቁም ፡፡

በእነዚህ ጉዳዮች ላይ ፣ በኦሮሚያ ውስጥ በተከታታይ እየደረሰ ያለው አፈናና ግድያ ፣ በአማራ ክልል የሕግና ሥርዓት መበላሸቱ ፣ በመተከል የተከሰተው ሁከትና ከሱዳን ጋር ወታደራዊ ግጭቶች አሁን ባለው አመራር ለኢትዮጵያ አደገኛ ዕጣ ፈንታቸውን ያመለክታሉ ፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በጣም አስቸኳይ ቀውስ ግን በትግራይ እየተካሄደ ያለው ጦርነት ነው ፡፡ እ.ኤ.አ. እ.ኤ.አ. እ.ኤ.አ ኖቬምበር 2020 (እ.ኤ.አ.) የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት “የህግ አስከባሪ ስራ” በሚል ዓላማ በትግራይ ላይ ጦርነት ከፍቷል ፡፡ መንግሥት የመሬት እና የአየር ጥቃቶችን ጨምሮ ሙሉ ወታደራዊ ኃይሉን በትግራይ ክልል ላይ ተጠቀመ ፡፡ በተጨማሪም መንግስት ከኤርትራ እና ከተባበሩት አረብ ኤምሬቶች የተውጣጡ የውጭ ሃይሎችን (በአውሮፕላን ጦርነት በመጠቀም) የገዛ ህዝቦቻቸውን ለማጥቃት ጋብዞ ነበር ፡፡

የትግራይ መሠረተ ልማት ሙሉ በሙሉ እና ሆን ተብሎ ተደምስሷል ፡፡ ወታደሮች ሴቶችን እና ወጣት ልጃገረዶችን በስርዓት ይደፈራሉ። በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎች እየተፈናቀሉ ፣ እየተገደሉ እና ሆን ተብሎ እየተራቡ ነው ፡፡

ይህ ሁሉ እየሆነ እያለ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት የውጭ ኃይሎች መኖራቸውን በመካድ ፣ በትግራይ ህዝብ ላይ እየተፈፀመ ያለውን ግፍ በመካድ ፣ መላው አለም ሲመሰክር ተጠያቂ የሆኑትን ወንጀሎች ሁሉ በመካድ የውሸት እና የማታለል ዘመቻውን እያጠናከረ ይገኛል ፡፡ .

በተቀረው የኢትዮጵያ ክፍል ውስጥ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የትግራይ ተወላጆችን ከስራ ገበታቸው ተባረዋል ፣ ትንኮሳ እና ጥቃት ደርሶባቸዋል ፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት አመራሮች እና ተከታዮቹ በማንነታቸው ላይ ተመስርተው በትግራይ ተወላጆች ላይ የሚሰነዘሩትን እነዚህን ጥቃቶች እንዲያቆሙና በኢትዮጵያ እና በዲያስፖራ በሚገኙ ትግራውያን ላይ እየተፈፀመ ያለው የጠንቋይ አደን እንዲቆም ጥሪዬን አቀርባለሁ ፡፡

ወደ አንድነት ከመምጣታቸው ወደ አንድ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ከመጡት አስቂኝ ነገሮች አንዱ ሆን ተብሎ በተለያዩ ቡድኖች መካከል ጥላቻ እንዲባባስ ማድረጉ ነው ፡፡ የአማራ ታጣቂዎችን በመጠቀም ትግራይን ለማጥቃት መንግስት በአማራዎች እና በትግራዮች መካከል የበለጠ ጠላትነትን ለማረጋገጥ ሞክሯል ፡፡ ጠ / ሚኒስትሩ በዚህ ጦርነት ኤርትራን በማሳተፍ እና ወታደሮ Tigrayን በትግራይ ላይ ጭካኔ የተሞላበት እና ጥፋት እንዲያደርስ በመፍቀድ ሆን ተብሎ በተራ የትግራይ ተወላጆች እና በኤርትራውያን መካከል ጠላትነትን ለመጨመር ሞክረዋል ፡፡ ሁሉም ሰላም ወዳድ ኢትዮጵያውያን እና ኤርትራዊያን ይህንን ስትራቴጂ ሙሉ በሙሉ እንዲቃወሙ አሳስባለሁ ፡፡

በትግራይ ሰላማዊ ዜጎች ላይ ከሚደርሰው በደል እና ግድያ በተጨማሪ የዚህ ጦርነት ሌላ አሳዛኝ ገጽታ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የኢትዮጵያ ጦር ምልምሎችና የኤርትራ ወታደሮች ምልመላዎች በማይረዱት ዓላማ መሞታቸው ነው ፡፡ ይህ ራስን በራስ የማጥፋት ጦርነት የኢትዮጵያን ኢኮኖሚ ፣ የማምረቻ አቅሟን እና ወታደራዊያንን ለተቀረው የአገሪቱ አገራዊ ደህንነት ከፍተኛ ጉዳት አድርሷል ፡፡ የመንግስት ግድየለሽነት ለኢትዮጵያ ሰላምና ስርዓት መጎዳት ብቻ ሳይሆን መላውን የአፍሪካ ቀንድም አለመረጋጋትን ያስከትላል ፡፡

አሁን የሚለምነው የኢትዮ stateያ መንግስት የመጨረሻዎቹን ሀብቶች ለመታደግ ከመቼውም ጊዜ በላይ ብሔራዊ የፖለቲካ ውይይት ያስፈልጋል ፡፡ ስለሆነም መንግስት አገሪቱ ያጋጠሟትን ችግሮች ለመፍታት ሁሉንም የፖለቲካ እስረኞችን መፍታት እና ሁሉንም የኢትዮጵያ የፖለቲካ ቡድኖች ወደ አንድ አካታች ብሔራዊ ውይይት ማምጣት አለበት ፡፡

መንግስት በሁሉም የትግራይ አካባቢዎች ገለልተኛ የተባበሩት መንግስታት የሚመራ ምርመራ መፍቀድ አለበት ፡፡ መንግሥት የዚህ ግጭት አካል በመሆኑ መንግሥት ሰብዓዊ መብቶች ኮሚሽን በሚለው በኩል ራሱን ለመመርመር ምንም ዓይነት አቋም የለውም ፤ ይህም መንግሥት ወንጀሎቹን ያለ ቅጣት በሚፈጽምበት ጊዜ ለዓለማቀፉ ማኅበረሰብ የበለስ ቅጠል እንጂ ሌላ የሚያገለግል አይደለም ፡፡

ፈውሱ ወደ ትግራይ እና የተቀረው የኢትዮጵያ ክፍል የሚመጣው መንግስት ወራሪ ኃይሎችን ለቀው እንዲወጡና ይህን ጦርነት ሲያጠናቅቁ ፣ በተፈጸሙ ወንጀሎች ሁሉ ላይ ተአማኒነት ያለው ምርመራ ሲኖር እና ለተጠቂዎች ተጠያቂነት ሲኖር እና ለተጎጂዎች ፍትህ ሲሰጥ ብቻ ነው ፡፡ .

ለሀገሬ በዲፕሎማትነት ማገልገል እወድ ነበር ነገር ግን በእሴቶቼ ወጪ ማድረግ አልችልም ፣ እና በእውነቱ በሕዝቤ ወጪ አይደለም ፡፡ በአንዱ መርሆዎች ላይ እርምጃ መውሰድ ዋጋ አለው ፣ ግን እነሱን መተው የበለጠ ትልቅ ዋጋ አለው። በትግራይ የተካሄደውን የዘር ማጥፋት ጦርነት በመቃወም እና መንግስት በተቀረው ኢትዮጵያ ላይ እያደረሰ ያለውን ጭቆና እና ውድመት ሁሉ በመቃወም ስልጣኔን ለቅቄ ወጣሁ ፡፡

የዚህን መንግስት አስከፊ ፖሊሲ ለመቃወም ድምፃችንን ከፍ በማድረግ ሁሉም ኢትዮጵያዊ ከእኔ ጋር እንደሚሆን ተስፋ አደርጋለሁ ፡፡ ችግሮች ሁሉ ቢኖሩም አሁንም ለአገራችን ተስፋ አለ ብዬ አምናለሁ ፡፡ ስምምነትን እንደ ድክመት ማየትን ማቆም አለብን ፡፡ ተቃዋሚዎቻችንን የበላይ ለማድረግ እና ለማጥፋት ለማጥፋት ያለማቋረጥ መፈለግ አለብን ፡፡ ይህ እርስ በርሳችን መጥፋትን እንጂ ወደ ሌላ አያመጣም ፡፡ አብረን እንድንኖር እርስ በርሳችን ይቅር መባባልን መማር አለብን ፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ የምታሸንፈው የውይይት ፣ የመግባባት እና የእርቅን መንገድ ከመረጥን ብቻ ነው ፡፡

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የአክሱም ግድያ ዜና ተከትሎ በትግራይ የዴንጎላት እልቂት ዝርዝር መረጃን ያሳያል – 164 ሰላማዊ ሰዎች በኤርትራ ወታደሮች በቀዝቃዛ ደም የተገደሉበት ፡፡

የአክሱም ግድያ ዜና ኤኤንሲ ዜና ተከትሎ በትግራይ የዴንጎላት እልቂት ዝርዝር መረጃን ያሳያል – 164 ሰላማዊ ሰዎች በኤርትራ ወታደሮች በቀዝቃዛ ደም የተገደሉበት ፡፡

የ AFP ዘገባ

እኩለ ቀን በፊት ነበር ሆኖም ገና የበየነሽ ተክለዮሃንስ ቤት ቀድሞውኑ ለሰዓታት ሞልቷል-ከ 30 በላይ እንግዶች ለዋናው የኦርቶዶክስ ክርስትያን በዓል ክብር ሲባል የሽሮ ወጥ እና ምስር ሳህኖች እየዘመሩ ፣ እየጸለዩ እና እያጋሩ ነበር ፡፡

   በዚያ ህዳር ቀን የነበረው ድባብ እጅግ አስደሳች ከመሆኑ የተነሳ እስከ ሰአት ድረስ በሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ክልል ወደምትገኘው ደንጎላት ወደተባለው ጠመዝማዛ መንገድ እየሄዱ የኤርትራ ወታደሮች በእግር ሲጓዙ ማንም አላስተዋለም ፡፡

   ወታደራዊ ወታደራዊ ዩኒፎርም ለብሰው በኤርትራ ቋንቋ በትግርኛ ቋንቋ የተናገሩ ወታደሮች በውስጥ ያሉትን እንግዶች ሁሉ አስገድደው ወንዶቹንና ወንዶቹን ለይተው ከኮረብታው ወደታች ወደ ፀሃይ የተቃጠለ መሬት ሄዱ ፡፡

   ቤየነሽ ወደ ደህንነት ወደ ተቃራኒ አቅጣጫ ስትሸሽ የመጀመሪያውን የተኩስ ድምጽ የሰማች ሲሆን ወዲያውኑ ከወዳጆ loved በታች ለሚወዷት ወንዶች በጣም የከፋ ትፈራለች-ባሏ ፣ ሁለት ጎልማሳ ወንዶች ልጆች እና ሁለት የወንድም ልጆች

   ከሦስት ቀናት በኋላ ከተደበቀች ስትወጣ ፣ በየነሽ አምስቱ በጭፍጨፋው እንደጠፉ ተገነዘበች ፡፡

   ወታደሮቹ እጃቸውን በቀበቶቻቸው እና በገመዶቻቸው አስረው በጭንቅላቱ ላይ ተኩሰው ነበር ፡፡

   የቅድስት ማርያም ዓመታዊ በዓል ወደ ደም መፋሰስ እንዴት እንደተለወጠች ወይዘሮ በየነሽ “ይህንን ከማየቴ መሞትን እመርጣለሁ” ሲሉ ለኤኤፍፒ ተናግረዋል ፡፡

   የአከባቢው የቤተክህነት ባለሥልጣናት በዴንጎላት 164 ሲቪሎች የተገደሉ ሲሆን አብዛኛዎቹ ሰዎች የተገደሉት ከበዓሉ አንድ ቀን በኋላ ህዳር 30 ነው ፡፡

   ያ በትግራይ እየተካሄደ ባለው ግጭት ውስጥ እጅግ የታወቁት ግፎች መካከል አንዱ ያደርገዋል ፡፡

   የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐብይ አህመድ (ዶ / ር) መንግሥት የሰብዓዊና የሚዲያ ተደራሽነትን ወደ ክልሉ በጥብቅ በመገደብ ለሦስት ወራት ያህል የዴንጎላት ከተማ ነዋሪዎች ታሪካቸውን ለዓለም ለማዳረስ ተስፋ ቆረጡ ፡፡

   ኤኤፍፒ ባለፈው ሳምንት ደንጎላት የደረሰ ሲሆን በሕይወት የተረፉትን ቃለ ምልልስ በማድረግ በአሁኑ ሰዓት መንደሩን ያረፉ የጅምላ መቃብሮችን በመመልከት በትግራይ ፊርማ በተራራ የድንጋይ ማስቀመጫዎች የተከበቡ የድንጋይ ቤቶች ስብስብ ነው ፡፡

   የሰብዓዊ መብት ተሟጋች ድርጅቶች በትግራይ የተከሰተውን ሁከት እጅግ አስከፊ ምሳሌ ከመሆን ይልቅ በዳንጎላት የተከሰተው አስጨናቂ ሁኔታ የተለመደ ሊሆን ይችላል ብለው ይፈራሉ ፡፡

   “በትግራይ ውስጥ በጣም ብዙ የዓመፅ እና የእልቂት ቦታዎች አሉ። ሙሉው ሚዛን ገና አልታወቀም ብለዋል ፤ የአምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ተመራማሪ ኢትዮጵያ ፍሰሃ ተክሌ ፡፡

   ለዚህም ነው በተመድ የሚመራ ምርመራ እንዲደረግልን የምንጠይቀው ፡፡ የጭካኔዎቹ ዝርዝር መውጣት አለበት ፣ ተጠያቂነትም መከተል አለበት ”ብለዋል ፡፡

   እስካሁን ድረስ በክልሉ “የተጠረጠሩ ወንጀሎችን” እያጣራሁ ነው ያለው አዲስ አበባ ብቻ ነው ፡፡

    – የተሳሳቱ ኤርትራዊያን የሉም –   

   አቢ – እ.ኤ.አ. በ 2019 የኖቤል የሰላም ሽልማትን ያሸነፉት – ከበዓሉ አራት ሳምንታት በፊት በትግራይ ውስጥ ወታደራዊ እንቅስቃሴዎችን እንዳወጁ በመግለጽ በትግራይ ረዥም ጊዜ ገዢ ፓርቲ በፌደራል ጦር ሰፈሮች ላይ ለተፈፀሙ ጥቃቶች ምላሽ መስጠታቸውን ተናግረዋል ፡፡

   ኃይለኛው የትግራይ ህዝብ ነፃ አውጭ ግንባር (ህወሃት) ለአስርተ ዓመታት የኢትዮጵያን ፖለቲካ በበላይነት ተቆጣጥሮ የነበረ ሲሆን በ 2018 ወደ ስልጣን ከመጡ በኋላ በአብይ መካከል ከፍተኛ ውጥረት ነግሶ ፓርቲውን በገለልተኝነት ተከሷል ፡፡

   ጦርነቱ እየገፋ ሲሄድ እና የጭካኔ ድርጊቶች እየተጠናከሩ ሲመጡ ፣ ከጎረቤት ኤርትራ የተውጣጡ ወታደሮች ፣ የኢትዮጵያን ወታደሮች እንደሚደግፉ በስፋት የሚነገርላቸው ፣ ብዙውን ጊዜ እንደ አጥፊዎች ጣቶች ናቸው ፡፡

   አዲስ አበባ እና አስመራ የኤርትራን ጦር በጭራሽ በትግራይ ውስጥ እንዳሉ ክደዋል ፡፡

   ባለፈው ሳምንት አምነስቲ በትግራይ ከተማ በአክሱም የኤርትራ ወታደሮች “ስልታዊ በሆነ መንገድ በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ያልታጠቁ ዜጎችን እንዴት እንደገደሉ” በዝርዝር የዘገበ ዘገባ ደግሞ እ.ኤ.አ. እ.ኤ.አ ኖቬምበር 2020 እ.ኤ.አ.

   በሁለቱም ቦታዎች የሚገኙ የትግራይ ተወላጆች የወንጀለኞቹን ብሄረሰብ አላሳተም ሲሉ ተናግረዋል ከድምፃቸው በተጨማሪ ለኤርትራው ቤን አሚር ብሄረሰብ ብቻ የተደረጉ የፊት ጠባሳዎችን አንስተዋል ፡፡

   የዴንጎላት የተረፈው ታምራት ኪዳኑ የ 66 ዓመቱ ኤኤፍአይኤን እንደገለጸው ኤርትራዊያኑ በደረሱበት ጠዋት ወደ በቆሎ ማሳዎቻቸው እየተጓዘ ሲሆን በቀኝ ጭኑም በጥይት ተመቷል ፡፡

   መንቀሳቀስ ባለመቻሉ ወታደሮቹ በቅርቡ ያገቡትን የ 26 ዓመት ልጁን ጨምሮ ሌሎች ሰዎችን ሲያወድሱ መሬት ላይ ተኝቶ ያዳምጥ ነበር ፡፡

   ከሁለት አስርት ዓመታት በፊት ሕወሃት ማዕከላዊ መንግስትን በበላይነት ሲቆጣጠር ኤርትራ እና ኢትዮጵያ በአስር ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎችን ለህልፈት የበዳ የጭካኔ የድንበር ጦርነት አካሂደዋል ፡፡

   ታምራትን ጨምሮ ብዙ የትግራይ ተወላጆች የኤርትራ ወታደሮች የአሁኑን ድርጊት እንደ በቀል ዓይነት አድርገው ይመለከቱታል ፡፡

   ታምራት “ይህ ዓይነቱ ወንጀል እኛን ለማጥፋት ፣ እኛን ለማዋረድ ነው” ሲል በክልሉ መዲና መቀሌ ከሚገኘው የሆስፒታል አልጋው ላይ ገመድ አልባ ሳይረዳ መቀመጥ አለመቻሉን ተናግሯል ፡፡

    – ቤተክርስቲያን በእሳት ላይ –   

   የኤርትራ ወታደሮች በዴንጎላት መሃል ላይ በወታደሮች ላይ የተኩስ ልውውጥ ሲያደርጉ በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሌሎች ሲቪሎች በተራሮች ላይ በምትገኝ የኦርቶዶክስ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ውስጥ በሽብርተኝነት ተደናገጡ ፡፡

   ወታደሮቹ ብዙም ሳይቆይ ወንዶቹ ወጥተው እጃቸውን ካልሰጡ ቤተክርስቲያኑ እንደምትወረወር አስጠነቀቁ ፡፡

   አንዳንዶቹ ከፍ ብለው ወደ ተራራዎች ለመሸሽ ቢሞክሩም የኤርትራ ወታደሮች በጣም ርቀው ከመድረሳቸው በፊት በጥይት ገደሏቸው ፡፡

   በቀልን በመፍራት ስሙን እንዲቀየር የጠየቁት የ 30 ዓመቱ ገብረማሪያም እራሳቸውን ለኤርትራዊያን ከሰጡት ጥቂቶች መካከል ናቸው ፡፡

   በሬሳ ላይ በተተከለው የመቃብር ቦታ ላይ በድንገት በተከፈተ ጭንቅላት – ሬሳዎችን በማጓጓዝ ሬሳዎችን በማጓጓዝ የመርዳት ኃላፊነት ተሰጠው ፡፡

   በአንዱ ጣቢያ ፊት ለፊት ቆሞ ፣ ከከቲቲ ክላስተ በስተጀርባ በሚገኘው ገብረማሪያም ግጭቱ በትንሹ የዜጎችን ጉዳት ያካተተ ነው በሚለው የባለስልጣናትን አስተያየት አሾፈ ፡፡

   “ከፊትህ ያየኸው ውሸት መሆኑን ያረጋግጣል” ብለዋል ፡፡

    – ‘መናገር ያስፈልግዎታል’ –   

   የዴንጎላት ነዋሪዎች ስለ እልቂቱ ታሪክ ለመናገር ጥቂት ዕድሎች አሏቸው ፡፡

   የኤርትራ ወታደሮች ከሄዱ በኋላ ገብረማሪያም እና ሌሎች የዴንጎላት ነዋሪዎች የጅምላ መቃብሮችን ደማቅ የሰማያዊ ሰማያዊ ምልክት በማድረግ የተወሰኑትን ድንጋዮች ቀለም ቀቡ ፡፡

   ገብረማርያም “እኛ በዚያ መንገድ ሳተላይት ሊያያቸው ይችላል ብለን አሰብን ፡፡

   የኤኤፍፒ ጋዜጠኞች ቡድን ወደ መንደሩ ሲደርስ በደርዘን የሚቆጠሩ ወንዶችና ሴቶች በፍጥነት ወጡ ፣ የተወሰኑት የሞቱ ዘመዶቻቸውን የተቀረጹ ፎቶግራፎችን ይይዛሉ ፡፡

   ሴቶች ሲያለቅሱ እና መሬቱን ሲደበድቡ ፣ የተወሰኑት የሞቱ ወንዶች ልጆቻቸውን ስም እየጮኹ ፣ ወንዶች በፊታቸው ላይ ተጎትተው ወደ ሻርፕ ተኝተዋል ፡፡

   በዴንጎላት በሚገኘው የኦርቶዶክስ ቤተክርስቲያን ካህን ካህሱ ገብረህይወት የኢትዮpiያ ኦርቶዶክስ መሪዎች እንኳን ግድያውን እያወገዙ ባለመሆኑ በሐዘን ተሞልተው የፌደራል መንግስቱን ምንም እንዳትሉ ፡፡

   ካህሱ “ሰዎች በሚሞቱበት ጊዜ እና ምንም ነገር በማይናገሩበት ጊዜ ይህ ለህይወታቸው እንደሚፈሩ የሚያሳይ ምልክት ነው” ሲሉ የቤተክርስቲያኗን አመራሮች ጠቁመዋል ፡፡

   “ግን መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ እንደሚነግረን በሰዎች ላይ መጥፎ ነገር ሲከሰት ካዩ መጸለይ ያስፈልግዎታል ግን መናገርም ያስፈልግዎታል ፡፡”

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ብሌንከን በኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ውስጥ ‘የዘር ማጽዳት’ ያወግዛል

የአሜሪካ ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር አንቶኒ ብሊንኬን በትግራይ የምክር ቤት የውጭ ጉዳይ ኮሚቴ ፊት ቀርበው የምስክርነት ቃላቸውን የሰጡ ሲሆን በኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ክልል ውስጥ “የዘር ማጽዳት” መከሰቱን ገልፀዋል ፡፡
የአሜሪካ ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር አንቶኒ ብሊንኬን በትግራይ የምክር ቤት የውጭ ጉዳይ ኮሚቴ ፊት ቀርበው የምስክርነት ቃላቸውን የሰጡ ሲሆን በኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ክልል ውስጥ “የዘር ማጽዳት” መከሰቱን ገልፀዋል ፡፡

የአሜሪካ ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር አንቶኒ ብሌንከን ረቡዕ ዕለት በኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ክልል የተከሰተውን ብጥብጥ ምርመራ እና የኤርትራ ወታደሮች ለቀው እንዲወጡ ግፊት ሲያደርጉ “የዘር ማጽዳት” ሲሉ ገልጸዋል ፡፡

ብሌንገን በኮንግረሱ ፊት ምስክርነት የሰጡት “ክልሉ የፀጥታ ኃይሎችን እንዲመለከት እፈልጋለሁ” ያሉት ደግሞ “የትግራይን ህዝብ ሰብአዊ መብት የማይጥሱ ወይም በምእራብ ትግራይ ያየነውን የዘር ማጽዳት ወንጀል የማይፈጽሙ” ነው ብለዋል ፡፡

በምክር ቤቱ የውጭ ጉዳይ ኮሚቴ ለቀረበላቸው ጥያቄ “ይህ መቆም አለበት እኛ ደግሞ ሙሉ ተጠያቂነት ያስፈልገናል” ብለዋል ፡፡

እዚያ በተፈጠረው ነገር ገለልተኛ ምርመራ ማድረግ አለብን ፣ እናም ሀገሪቱ በፖለቲካ ወደ ፊት እንድትራመድ አንድ ዓይነት ሂደት ፣ የእርቅ ሂደት ያስፈልገናል ፡፡

በሰሜን የኢትዮጵያ ክልል በጅምላ ግድያዎች ላይ በርካታ ዘገባዎች ወታደራዊ መገኘቱን ከሚክድ ከጎረቤት ኤርትራ የተውጣጡ ወታደሮችን ያካተቱ ናቸው ፡፡

አንድ የኤፍ.ኤስ. ጋዜጠኛ ሰሞኑን ደንጎላት መንደርን የጎበኘ ሲሆን ነዋሪዎቹ ወታደራዊ ዩኒፎርም ለብሰው የኤርትራን የትግርኛ ቋንቋ በሚናገሩ ወታደሮች የተፈጸመውን ጭፍጨፋ ሲዘግቡ ነበር ፡፡

የኖቤል የሰላም ሽልማት አሸናፊ የሆኑት የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐብይ አህመድ በክልሉ ገዥ ፓርቲ “የትግራይ ህዝብ ነፃ አውጪ ግንባር” በሠራዊቱ ካምፖች ላይ ጥቃት በመሰንዘር ከወንጀል በኋላ እ.ኤ.አ.

ብሌንኬን “ለምሳሌ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ በሕወሃት እና በድርጊቶቹ ላይ የነበሯቸውን ስጋቶች በጣም ተረድቻለሁ ፣ ግን ዛሬ ያለው የትግራይ ሁኔታ ተቀባይነት የለውም ፣ መለወጥም አለበት” ብለዋል ፡፡

“እንደምታውቁት እዚያ በኩል ከኤርትራ የመጡ ኃይሎች አሉን ፣ እና እዚያ ካሉ ከአጎራባች ክልል አማራ የተውጣጡ ኃይሎች አሉን ፣ መውጣት አለባቸው።”

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Grusomheter i Etiopias Tigray-region

USA er alvorlig bekymret for rapporterte grusomheter og den generelt forverrede situasjonen i Tigray-regionen i Etiopia. Vi fordømmer sterkt drapene, tvangsflyttinger og fordrivelser, seksuelle overgrep og andre ekstremt alvorlige menneskerettighetsbrudd og krenkelser fra flere partier som flere organisasjoner har rapportert i Tigray. Vi er også dypt bekymret over den forverrede humanitære krisen. USA har gjentatte ganger engasjert den etiopiske regjeringen om viktigheten av å avslutte volden, sikre uhindret humanitær tilgang til Tigray, og tillate en fullstendig, uavhengig, internasjonal etterforskning av alle rapporter om menneskerettighetsbrudd, krenkelser og grusomheter. De som er ansvarlige for dem, må stilles til ansvar.

USA erkjenner uttalelsene fra statsministeren og utenriksdepartementet fra Etiopias kontor og lovet uhindret humanitær tilgang 26. februar, ønsker internasjonal støtte til etterforskning av menneskerettighetsbrudd og -misbruk, og forplikter seg til full ansvarlighet. Det internasjonale samfunnet må jobbe kollektivt for å sikre at disse forpliktelsene blir oppfylt.

Den umiddelbare tilbaketrekningen av eritreiske styrker og Amhara regionale styrker fra Tigray er viktige første skritt. De bør ledsages av ensidige erklæringer om opphør av fiendtligheter fra alle parter i konflikten og en forpliktelse til å tillate uhindret levering av hjelp til de i Tigray. USA er forpliktet til å samarbeide med det internasjonale samfunnet for å nå disse målene. For det formål vil USAID distribuere et katastrofehjelpsteam til Etiopia for å fortsette å levere livreddende assistanse.

Vi ber internasjonale partnere, spesielt Den afrikanske union og regionale partnere, om å samarbeide med oss ​​for å takle krisen i Tigray, blant annet gjennom aksjon i FN og andre relevante organer.

USA er fortsatt forpliktet til å bygge et varig partnerskap med det etiopiske folket.

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Atrocidades na região de Tigray, na Etiópia

Os Estados Unidos estão seriamente preocupados com as atrocidades relatadas e a deterioração geral da situação na região de Tigray, na Etiópia. Condenamos veementemente os assassinatos, remoções e deslocamentos forçados, agressões sexuais e outras violações extremamente graves dos direitos humanos e abusos cometidos por várias partes, denunciados por várias organizações em Tigray. Também estamos profundamente preocupados com o agravamento da crise humanitária. Os Estados Unidos repetidamente engajaram o governo etíope sobre a importância de acabar com a violência, garantindo o acesso humanitário desimpedido ao Tigray e permitindo uma investigação internacional completa e independente de todos os relatórios de violações, abusos e atrocidades dos direitos humanos. Os responsáveis ​​por eles devem ser responsabilizados.

Os Estados Unidos reconhecem as declarações de 26 de fevereiro do Escritório do Primeiro-Ministro etíope e do Ministério das Relações Exteriores prometendo acesso humanitário desimpedido, acolhendo o apoio internacional para investigações sobre violações e abusos de direitos humanos e se comprometendo com a responsabilidade total. A comunidade internacional precisa trabalhar coletivamente para garantir que esses compromissos sejam cumpridos.

A retirada imediata das forças da Eritreia e das forças regionais de Amhara de Tigray são os primeiros passos essenciais. Devem ser acompanhados por declarações unilaterais de cessação das hostilidades por todas as partes no conflito e um compromisso de permitir a entrega desimpedida de assistência às pessoas em Tigray. Os Estados Unidos estão empenhados em trabalhar com a comunidade internacional para atingir essas metas. Para esse fim, a USAID enviará uma Equipe de Resposta de Assistência a Desastres para a Etiópia para continuar fornecendo assistência que salva vidas.

Pedimos aos parceiros internacionais, especialmente a União Africana e parceiros regionais, que trabalhem conosco para enfrentar a crise em Tigray, inclusive por meio de ações na ONU e outros órgãos relevantes.

Os Estados Unidos continuam comprometidos em construir uma parceria duradoura com o povo etíope.

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Gräueltaten in der Tigray-Region Äthiopiens

Die Vereinigten Staaten sind zutiefst besorgt über die gemeldeten Gräueltaten und die sich insgesamt verschlechternde Situation in der Region Tigray in Äthiopien. Wir verurteilen nachdrücklich die Morde, Zwangsumsiedlungen und Vertreibungen, sexuellen Übergriffe und andere äußerst schwerwiegende Menschenrechtsverletzungen und -verletzungen durch mehrere Parteien, die mehrere Organisationen in Tigray gemeldet haben. Wir sind auch zutiefst besorgt über die sich verschärfende humanitäre Krise. Die Vereinigten Staaten haben die äthiopische Regierung wiederholt damit beauftragt, die Gewalt zu beenden, einen ungehinderten humanitären Zugang zu Tigray zu gewährleisten und eine umfassende, unabhängige internationale Untersuchung aller Berichte über Menschenrechtsverletzungen, -verletzungen und Gräueltaten zu ermöglichen. Die Verantwortlichen müssen zur Rechenschaft gezogen werden.

Die Vereinigten Staaten erkennen die Erklärungen des äthiopischen Amtes des Premierministers und des Außenministeriums vom 26. Februar an, die einen ungehinderten humanitären Zugang versprechen, die internationale Unterstützung für Untersuchungen zu Menschenrechtsverletzungen und -verletzungen begrüßen und sich zur uneingeschränkten Rechenschaftspflicht verpflichten. Die internationale Gemeinschaft muss gemeinsam daran arbeiten, dass diese Verpflichtungen erfüllt werden.

Der sofortige Abzug der eritreischen und der regionalen Amhara-Streitkräfte aus Tigray sind wesentliche erste Schritte. Sie sollten von einseitigen Erklärungen über die Einstellung der Feindseligkeiten aller Konfliktparteien und der Verpflichtung begleitet sein, ungehinderte Hilfe für diejenigen in Tigray zu ermöglichen. Die Vereinigten Staaten verpflichten sich, mit der internationalen Gemeinschaft zusammenzuarbeiten, um diese Ziele zu erreichen. Zu diesem Zweck wird USAID ein Disaster Assistance Response Team nach Äthiopien entsenden, um weiterhin lebensrettende Hilfe zu leisten.

Wir bitten internationale Partner, insbesondere die Afrikanische Union und regionale Partner, mit uns zusammenzuarbeiten, um die Krise in Tigray zu bewältigen, auch durch Maßnahmen bei den Vereinten Nationen und anderen relevanten Stellen.

Die Vereinigten Staaten setzen sich weiterhin für den Aufbau einer dauerhaften Partnerschaft mit dem äthiopischen Volk ein.

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 الفظائع في منطقة تيغراي بإثيوبيا

تشعر الولايات المتحدة بقلق بالغ إزاء الفظائع المبلغ عنها والوضع العام المتدهور في منطقة تيغراي بإثيوبيا. ندين بشدة عمليات القتل والتهجير والتهجير القسري والاعتداءات الجنسية وغيرها من الانتهاكات الخطيرة للغاية لحقوق الإنسان والانتهاكات التي ارتكبتها عدة أطراف والتي أبلغت عنها منظمات متعددة في تيغراي. كما نشعر بقلق عميق إزاء تفاقم الأزمة الإنسانية. لقد تواصلت الولايات المتحدة مرارًا وتكرارًا مع الحكومة الإثيوبية بشأن أهمية إنهاء العنف ، وضمان وصول المساعدات الإنسانية دون عوائق إلى تيغراي ، والسماح بإجراء تحقيق دولي كامل ومستقل في جميع التقارير المتعلقة بانتهاكات حقوق الإنسان والتجاوزات والفظائع. يجب محاسبة المسؤولين عنها.

تقر الولايات المتحدة بالبيانات الصادرة في 26 فبراير / شباط عن مكتب رئيس الوزراء الإثيوبي ووزارة الخارجية والتي وعدت بوصول المساعدات الإنسانية دون عوائق ، وترحب بالدعم الدولي للتحقيقات في انتهاكات وتجاوزات حقوق الإنسان ، وتلتزم بالمساءلة الكاملة. يحتاج المجتمع الدولي إلى العمل بشكل جماعي لضمان تحقيق هذه الالتزامات.

الانسحاب الفوري للقوات الإريترية وقوات أمهرة الإقليمية من تيغراي خطوات أولى أساسية. وينبغي أن تكون مصحوبة بإعلانات من جانب واحد بوقف الأعمال العدائية من قبل جميع أطراف النزاع والتزام بالسماح بإيصال المساعدة دون عوائق لمن هم في تيغراي. إن الولايات المتحدة ملتزمة بالعمل مع المجتمع الدولي لتحقيق هذه الأهداف. ولتحقيق هذه الغاية ، ستنشر الوكالة الأمريكية للتنمية الدولية فريق استجابة للمساعدة في الكوارث إلى إثيوبيا لمواصلة تقديم المساعدة المنقذة للحياة.

نطلب من الشركاء الدوليين ، وخاصة الاتحاد الأفريقي والشركاء الإقليميين ، العمل معنا لمعالجة الأزمة في تيغراي ، بما في ذلك من خلال العمل في الأمم المتحدة والهيئات الأخرى ذات الصلة.

تظل الولايات المتحدة ملتزمة ببناء شراكة دائمة مع الشعب الإثيوبي.

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በኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ክልል የተፈፀመ ግፍ

ሪፖርት የተደረገው ጭካኔ የተሞላበት ግፍ እና በአጠቃላይ በኢትዮጵያ የትግራይ ክልል እየተባባሰ የመጣው ሁኔታ አሜሪካ በጣም አሳስባለች ፡፡ በርካታ ድርጅቶች በትግራይ ሪፖርት ባደረጉባቸው ግድያዎች ፣ በግዳጅ መፈናቀል እና መፈናቀል ፣ የወሲብ ጥቃቶች እና ሌሎች እጅግ ከባድ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች እና በደሎች አጥብቀን እናወግዛለን ፡፡ እኛም እየተባባሰ ያለው የሰብዓዊ ቀውስ በጣም ያሳስበናል ፡፡ አሜሪካ ሁከትና ብጥብጥን የማስቆም አስፈላጊነት ፣ ያልተገደበ የሰብዓዊ መብት ተደራሽነት ወደ ትግራይ እንዲገባ እንዲሁም የሰብዓዊ መብት ጥሰቶች ፣ የመብት ጥሰቶች እና ጭካኔ የተሞላበት ዘገባዎች በሙሉ ነፃ ፣ ዓለም አቀፍ ምርመራ እንዲደረግ በመፍቀድ ለኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት ደጋግማ አነጋግራለች ፡፡ ለእነሱ ተጠያቂ የሚሆኑት በሕግ መጠየቅ አለባቸው ፡፡

አሜሪካ ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽህፈት ቤት እና ከውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ለየካቲት 26 መግለጫው ያልተጠበቀ ሰብዓዊ አገልግሎት ለመስጠት ቃል በመግባት የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች እና በደሎች ላይ ለሚደረጉ ምርመራዎች ዓለም አቀፍ ድጋፍን በመቀበል እና ለተጠያቂነት ሙሉ በሙሉ ቃል መግባቷን አሜሪካ ትገነዘባለች ፡፡ እነዚህ ቃል ኪዳኖች እውን መሆናቸውን ለማረጋገጥ ዓለም አቀፉ ማህበረሰብ በጋራ መሥራት አለበት ፡፡

የኤርትራ ኃይሎች እና የዐማራ ክልል ኃይሎች ወዲያውኑ ከትግራይ መውጣት አስፈላጊ የመጀመሪያ እርምጃዎች ናቸው ፡፡ በግጭቱ ውስጥ ያሉ ሁሉም ወገኖች ጠብ እንዲቆም በተናጥል በማወጅ እና በትግራይ ውስጥ ላሉት ያለ ​​አንዳች ዕርዳታ ዕርዳታ ለመስጠት ቃል መግባት አለባቸው ፡፡ እነዚህን ግቦች ለማሳካት አሜሪካ ከዓለም አቀፉ ማህበረሰብ ጋር ለመስራት ቁርጠኛ ናት ፡፡ ለዚህም ዩኤስኤአይዲ የነፍስ አድን ዕርዳታ ማድረጉን ለመቀጠል የአደጋ ድጋፍ ምላሽ ቡድንን ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ያሰማራል ፡፡

በተባበሩት መንግስታት እና በሌሎች የሚመለከታቸው አካላት ላይ እርምጃን ጨምሮ ዓለም አቀፍ አጋሮች በተለይም የአፍሪካ ህብረት እና የክልል አጋሮች በትግራይ የተከሰተውን ችግር ለመፍታት ከእኛ ጋር እንዲሰሩ እንጠይቃለን

አሜሪካ ከኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ጋር ዘላቂ የሆነ አጋርነት ለመገንባት ቁርጠኛ ሆናለች ፡፡

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TWITTER CAMPAIGNStarvingForJustice #FAC #OromoProtestsFebruary 21, 2021 starting at:12pm EST / 5pm GMT /  8pm East Africa / 2:00 local time Oromia/ETHFriends of #OromoProtests, please commit to sending ALL of the tweets below. If 5,000 people sent all of these tweets, we would have over 1.5 million tweets using these hashtags. Get to work!Join our Twitter campaign, NOW! If at least 5000 people sent all of these 300+ tweets, we would have over 1.5 million tweets. pic.twitter.com/LAfBaDlwvZ #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThere are over 50,000 Oromo political prisoners in Ethiopia including opposition leaders @stejobin @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsOromo political leaders who are wrongly imprisoned have been on a hunger strike for 25 DAYS! @stejobin @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsPeople with diverse ethnic backgrounds are living in harmony, but their human rights are violated by tyranny. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWhile various ethnic groups are embellishing the country, tyranny is persecuting their members equally. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsEvery country goes great by democracy which consider everyone equally regardless of their ethnicity, but not tyranny @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsDue to brutal attacks by the police in Oromia during the 12/12/12 protest a little girl was killed horrifically. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsA kid who is not in any way a threat to anyone was shot by law enforcers during 12/12/12 protest in Oromia. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsEthnonational identity has never been a problem and tyranny will never be a solution. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsDiversity is our beauty, tyranny is our enemy. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe police brutality towards peaceful protestors is not only directed towards fully grown adults but kids too. 12/12/12 Oromia @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsAwol 19 years old was Shot dead on Oct 11 while marching on the streets of Bale Robe Oromia region unarmed along with his friends demanding for the release of all oromo political prisoners. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian…Adunya Mulatu is one of the many killed by security forces on Aug 19-20 in West Welaga/Bila. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsAmin Adam a 70years old father was also one of the many killed by security forces on Aug 19-20 in East Hararge/Dire Dawa. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsAfandi Abdurahiman is one of many people who were killed by security forces on Aug 19-20 in East Hararge. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsUndue attacks from security forces towards peaceful citizens has taken a lot of lives. Ahimadnur Musa from East Hararge/Awaday is one of the victims. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice…Pregnant woman shot dead by law enforcers in Awaday Oromia region. 12/12/12 protest @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsUnarmed peaceful protestor. Shot and still handcuffed to the hospital bed. 12/12/12 protest @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWomen are the symbols of love and care. There is not any possible way for a woman to be harmful that you will be forced to kill her in order to stop her. Faxuma East Arsi killed on Aug19/20 @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian…A Teacher unarmed and unthreatening shot and killed by security forces in Oromia. 12/12/12 protest @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsA little girl was awfully raped by security forces in Walaga Oromia. This girl is now forced to live in a horrible psychological and physical state. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice…Democracy thrives in diversity. Tyranny oppresses it. If you look at what happened in Wolaita, Oromia and Somalia regions in the past 7 months you’ll know the tyrant govt in Ethiopia has no space for cultural or political diversity #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThere can’t be any excuse for extrajudicial killings of innocent ppl. Kumaa Abrahim killed in West Hararge on Aug 19/20. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsIt is sickening to always see a list of people who are extrajudicially killed. Tahir Gamada killed in West Arsi/Dodola on Aug 19/20. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsEthiopian Nations, Nationalities and peoples’ endured a century-long physical and culture genocides nonetheless not only unapologetically persevered and existed but also thrived. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtests“2 days after Hachalu’s assassination the A.G gave unnecessary but intentional detail claiming “the alleged killers were speaking in Afan Oromo and Tigregna” w/h implications were deadly. It was the govt who was trying to incite ethnic violence.” #FAC #OromoProtestsIt is the sad reality that things have gone worse and gains of decades long struggle for freedom and equality reversed for ppl like Somalis, Oromos &Wollaitas who hoped change has finally come. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo…“Those who preached peace, love and respect among nations and nationalities from d/f nations are behind bars now.” Its every nation that is being terrorized by the gov’t. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC…“Ethnic violence” has become a phrase govt officials and state sponsored medias use to crush peaceful protesters against the govt itself. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWe want to live in a stable and peaceful Ethiopia. But the political instability is forcing our people to flee the country or to die while protesting… @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice…There can’t be any excuse for extrajudicial killings of innocent ppl. Mohammed Aliyi killed in East Hararge/Dadar on Aug 19/20. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsTwo years ago #BekeleGerba & #EskindirNega predicted that they will be re-arrested if the reform talk is not genuine. And now they are. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsOromoProtests cares for the stabilization of the region. And that’s why it’s calling for #NationalDialogueNow@simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsSurely #OromoProtest will become the determinant factor in Ethiopia in the coming years. Now Oromo is choosing its allies carefully. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsNational dialogue helps to explore the root causes of #CrisisInEthiopia & to find the right solution. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsTrying to bring peace through war & by imprisoning politicians is a travesty of justice. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe #CrisisInEthiopia was started when the ETH gov’t declared war in Oromia & put politicians behind bar. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe war in Tigrai is extended from Oromia. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsIf the #CrisisInEthiopia couldn’t halt immediately, it will bring irreversible damage to the country. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsBefore ETH becomes a failed State owing to the current #CrisisInEthiopia, release political prisoners & carry out #NationalDialogueNow@simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsOromia, Tigrai, Metekl, Konso & other parts of ETH are bleeding as we speak. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsKeeping Oromo political leaders in jail & continuing the war in Tigrai will only exacerbate the #CrisisInEthiopia @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsOromo Protests denounces the war in Tigrai & believes all inclusive #NationalDialogueNow is a way out from #CrisisInEthiopia @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe collateral damage of #CrisisInEthiopia already becomes unbearable. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe root cause of Ethiopia’s current crisis lies in the PM’s refusal to resolve problems through #NationaldialogueNow. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsEthiopia’s transition to a war zone poses a serious security threat to the Horn of Africa and the world. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsI wonder why the ruling party, which is not afraid to wage a devastating war, is afraid of peaceful negotiations. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsRejecting #NationalDialogue is to reject and hinder the transition to democracy. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsAs #OromoProtests continues, we demand the removal of the illegal restrictions unconditionally on Oromo activists and citizens bank accounts. We demand a #NationalDialogueNow. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsAbiy started war on the #Oromo people by killing Hacaalu Hundessa and then attempted to “eliminate” nonviolent, unarmed Oromo opposition leaders. Abiy & Co has now continued that war in Tigray. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWhy did the government refuse the UN demand for independent investigation on the violences that were occured since June? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsGreat job! You completed the first 50 tweets. KEEP GOING!During the past five months although many people have lost their lives, the government is keep saying that it was committed by unknown body. Who are these unknown body? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsEveryone except for the one who committed the crime is asking for independent investigations for all the violence that occurred in different parts of the country. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsMore than 500 people lost their lives since June. But the government couldn’t give concrete evidence on the incidents. Why? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsExcept providing press releases, the government didn’t make a comprehensive report on non of the violences occurred yet. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe government couldn’t reveal the sources of the violences by conducting deep investigation. So, we need an independent investigation now. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe Ethiopian regime fails to protect its citizens from attack — rather it is actively committing extrajudicial killings! @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWhy does the government neglect its citizens lives and refuse independent investigations into all the violence? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsIf the attacks are not state-sponsored, the government should allow independent investigation by the UN. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWhy is the Ethiopian government afraid of independent investigation? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe so-called government is not willing to investigate the incidents and bring the culprits to justice. We demand independent investigation @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsFor our people to co-exist like they used to, the hands behind the massacres need to face justice. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsUnless a thorough independent investigation is launched, we will face a civil war. The narrative that propagates from the palace is damaging! @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe only way to avoid collateral damage is to let independent investigators take over the case. We don’t have confidence in our security apparatus! @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice…A lot of political killings and massacres are left unsolved . But this incidents are affecting the lives of millions. That’s why we demand independent investigation@simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC…Contradicting statements and briefings from govt authorities showed us how much the govt itself is involved . The incidents needs to be investigated by a body everyone trusts. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsGovt officials are giving totally different and contradicting briefings. The only thing the briefings got in common is that “ people got killed” . @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWhen Shahemene mayor asks the head of Oromia regional state what to do to protect civilians the answer he got was “go home and sleep” @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe military was ordered to leave the area, and right after that more than 200 civilians were massacred in the town of Guliso. Who ordered the military to leave? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsIt has been more than a year now since High-profile individuals including the army chief of staff were assassinated. No one is held accountable, none is sentenced @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWho killed Hachalu Hundesa? And who coordinated the attacks afterward on civilians? We need an answer! @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsIn the last few months, hundreds of civilians were massacred In cold blood. Are we receiving state-sponsored shock therapy? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe ruling party locks up every prominent opposition leaders by accusing them of the killings of civilians. But civilians are still being killed? Who is responsible now? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsA few months ago officials of the ruling party told us that rebel groups have been demolished. So who is responsible now? Who is the scapegoat this time around? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsJust last week an official of the ruling party admitted to Ap journalist that a young kid was killed by security forces by mistake. But we haven’t seen anyone getting arrested for it. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtests5 University students, were killed in Nekemte, Ethiopia last week. They were accused of being members of a terrorist group. But no evidence was provided @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsMore than 50 people were killed in Guraferda, Ethiopia. who killed them? why did the gov’t fail to protect them? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsMore than #300LivesIn3Months were lost due to excessive use of force by security forces. This needs a proper investigation. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsSince the so-called reform regional state heads, army chief of staff, countless citizens were killed. And no viable explanation was given. Who is responsible? @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsEthiopian gov’t loves to blame everything on rebel groups. It is time to take responsibility for Failing to protect citizens or killing citizens. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice…You can’t have a free, fair, and competitive election having put major political rivals behind bars on trumped-up charges! @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsEthnonational identity makes a group of people unique. Yet tyranny is a choice of oppressing people w/ these identities @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsProject seed of @UNDP is doomed to fail. Election without options is no election. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsFunding the making of authoritarianism in the name of elections @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsFunding authoritarians show of election at the cost of a reform brought by the more than 5k lives @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsYou can’t hold an election where every prominent opposition is in jail. Elections belong to the people. It’s their decision to make but options should be open for them to elect and to decide. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe pre-electoral process is Vita to make the end result of the election fair. But the pre-electoral process is biased and not inclusive, according to major opposition leaders. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsElection days come and go. But the struggle of the people to create a govt which represents them will not go until a govt they elect comes to power. To end the struggle in ETH ‘no option election’ is not the way to go. #FAC #OromoProtestsFinancing National Electoral Board of Ethiopian (NEBE) while the pre-electoral process remain problematic is considered as showing solidarity for unfair election. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe Ethiopian prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, once officially said that he was directly calling to the chairperson of NEBE to influence the postponement of the 6th national election. The implication is clear! @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #OromoProtestsThe ruling party is involved on the decision of NEBE though the board should remain independent. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsElection days come and go. But the struggle of the people to create a govt which represents them will not go until a govt they elect comes to power. To end the struggle in ETH ‘no option election’ is not the way to go. @2021PortugalEU #FAC #OromoProtestsYou can’t hold an election where every prominent opposition is in jail. Elections belong to the people. It’s their decision to make but options should be open for them to elect and to decide. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian…The Ethiopian gov’t has inflicted humanitarian disaster to 4.5 million Tigrayans by declaring war on Tigray. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsSince the war is declared on Tigray, innocent civilians are massacred, denied access to Food, and raped by a group of soldiers. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsFor over 100 days, communication is halted, banks are closed, roads are blocked, and humanitarian assistance can’t be delivered for Tigray people. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice…The Ethiopian government is using starvation as a weapon to punish the Tigray people. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWithin the past two months, at least 200 girls, who are under the age of 18, were raped in Tigray. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsEU should cut financial support if the ETH gov’t won’t allow independent investigation, humanitarian access for Tigray, and release all Oromo political prisoners. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC…Financing the Ethiopian government now is the same as financing the war on Tigray and Oromia. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsAfter the war on Tigray is declared, soldiers are using sexual assault as a weapon. Tigray women are suffering. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsGood work! You have completed 100 tweets! KEEP GOING – itti muddi!Having more than 80 ethnic groups is the beauty of Ethiopia. The bad news is everyone of them is stifled by the tyrant govt in the name of law. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsSince the war waged on Tigray, the people have experienced massive looting and indiscriminate killing. And women got raped & properties & historical sites destructed. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC…Because of the war on Tigray, more than 60,000 Tigrayans fled to Sudan, 2.5 million people internally displeased, and 4.5 million Tigrayans starved. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice…Prominent Oromo political prisoners are on a hunger strike for the past 25 days & their health condition is deteriorating. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsThe court has ordered the Kaliti prison administrators to allow access to health facilities for Oromo political prisoners. Yet, the prison administrators declined the court order fifth times. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian…It has been 25 days since Jawar, Bekele, Hamza & et al. went on a hunger strike. They will continue the hunger strike until their demands are answered. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice…Oromo political prisoners are #StarvingForJustice . The ETH government should meet their demands immediately. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian @JosepBorrellF #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsOromo political prisoners have been on a hunger strike for 25 consecutive days now. They all are critically ill but denied medical attention. If anything happens to them, the blame is on the ETH government. #FAC #OromoProtestsMeseret Dhaba, who is a TV producer/Journalist, was arrested 11 days ago. Yet, she didn’t appear before a court until now. Meseret is sick now, but she couldn’t access medical treatment. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU @Ulkoministerio @GermanyDiplo @JY_LeDrian…During the Jimma University graduation ceremony, Mohammed Deksiso demanded justice for Hachalu & the release of all Oromo political prisoners. Then he was picked up by the ETH security forces, detained & tortured. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC…Oromo political leaders are in imminent danger of dying owing to a hunger strike for the last 25 days. The government now denied them any medical help, which will exacerbate their health condition. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWe urge all the EU members to pressure the Abiy Ahmed administration into meeting the demands of the hunger strikers.They are #StarvingForJustice for the past 25 days. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsAlmost all political prisoners in Ethiopia are Oromo. It is systematic oppression. To denounce this injustice, the prisoners are on a hunger strike for the past 25 days. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsKaliti prison administrators denied medical attention to Oromo political prisoners. Their pretext is an order from the “above body.” In ETH, the order of the unknown body substitutes the rule of law. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsIn Ethiopia, the rule of tyranny replaces the rule of law. So, Oromo political prisoners went on a hunger strike for the past 25 days to protest the rule of tyranny. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsHolding an election without OLF and OFC’s participation in Oromia is the same as having no election. And the government already systematically push both parties to withdraw from the election. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsWith all Oromo political leaders and candidates in prison, conducting an election is murder to democracy. @simoncoveney @Haavisto @2021PortugalEU #FAC #StarvingForJustice #OromoProtestsFree & fair election is impossible since all Oromo opposition candidates are in prison. So,

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Calling international criminal court must issue Warrant of Arrest for  the  Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali of Ethiopia and Eritrea president Isaias Afwerki Alleged and Amhara Militant ring leaders for committing crimes 

Please sign petition calling international criminal court must issue Warrant of Arrest for  the  Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali Of Ethiopia and Eritrea president Isaias Afwerki Alleged and Amhara Militant ring leaders for committing crimes 

http://chng.it/4XtBf67L82

Crimes Against Humanity ethnic cleansing and genocide committed this crimes Under the direction administration of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali , Ethiopian Federal defence forces  and President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki , as International media reported Eritrea involvements ( https://www.google.co.uk/amp/s/amp.theguardian.com/world/2020/dec/08/diplomats-back-claims-eritrean-troops-have-joined-ethiopia-conflict


https://www.theglobeandmail.com/world/article-ethiopia-deploys-warplanes-on-bombing-missions-as-tigray-war/


carried out numerous unlawful attacks, including aerial bombing and artillery weapons used against civilians populated cities in Tigray followed by systematic acts of pillage, on towns and villages, mainly inhabited by civilians belonging to the Tigray  and Oromo Benishangul-Gumuz groups;

subjected thousands of civilians – belonging primarily to the  Tigray  and Oromo Benishangul-Gumuz , Welayta groups; subjected
– to acts of murder, as well as to acts of extermination;
subjected thousands of civilian women – belonging primarily to the said groups – to acts of rape;
subjected hundreds of thousands of civilians – belonging primarily to the said groups – to acts of forcible transfer;
subjected civilians – belonging primarily to the said groups – to acts of torture; and
contamined the wells and water pumps of the towns and villages primarily inhabited by members of the Tigray  and Oromo Benishangul-Gumuz , Welayta
Ethiopia military groups attacked; and encouraged members of other Amhara ethnic group which were allied with the Ethiopia Defence Force to resettle in the villages and lands previously mainly inhabited by Tigray  and Oromo Benishangul-Gumuz , Welayta ethnic
groups.
It’s apparent that is resulting thousands of civilians deaths of Tigray  and Oromo Benishangul-Gumuz , Welayta People’s and displaced millions of Tigray  and Oromo Benishangul-Gumuz , Welayta People’s where Abiy Ahmed Ali government refused international humanitarian assistance and closed Internet electricity and media to this war turned regions


Rights groups have been concerned that an assault on the cities could lead to significant civilian casualties.


Prime minister Abiy Ahmed Ali , as the de jure and de facto Prime Minister of the federal State of Ethiopia and Commander-in-Chief of the Ethiopia defence Armed Forces and the President of Eritrea  Isaias Afwerki with the Amhara militants armed groups at all times played a role that went beyond coordinating the implementation of the said EDF , Eritrea military forces and the Amhara militants group’s counter- Military campaigns operations against Tigray  and Oromo Benishangul-Gumuz , Welayta
Military campaign;
Is in full control of all branches of the “apparatus” of the Ethiopia defence forces including the Ethiopia regional Armed Forces and their allied Amhara militants the Regional Liyu Police Forces, the Federal Regional intelligence
used such control to secure the implementation of the said EDF ethnic cleansing counter-I military invasions campaign against Tigray  and Oromo Benishangul-Gumuz , Welayta People’s

Click the following link to sign up the petition

☆☆☆☆ http://chng.it/4XtBf67L82 ☆☆☆☆☆
 

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JUSTICE FOR HACHALU BY MOHAMMAD DEKSIS

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HIRIIRA GUDDICHA OROMIYAA, SANBATA XIQQAA 13/2021

Hiriira Guddichaa Oromiyaa

Qabsaa’oonni Haqaa oromoo diddaa lagannaa nyaataa erga eegalanii har’a Guyyaa 16ffaa isaanii ti. Sochiin Qeerroo bifa qindaawaa ta’een kan adeemsifamaa jiru yoo ta’e sarbama mirga dhala namaa mootummaan abbaa irree Abiy kan aangoo akka harma haadha isaatti jaallatuu fi hidhatoota isaatiin adeemsifamaa daraan dabalaa dhufuu fi duguuggaan sanyii oromoo fi saba fi sablammii biyya sanaa irratti raawwatu baay’achuun hidhamtootni siyaasa oromoo diddaa irra kan jiranii fi uummaanni oromoos uffaanna keelloo uffachuudhaan birmaannaa fi jaalala hooggantoota isaatiif qabu agarsiisa turanis gama mootummaatiin deebiin kennamu hiidhaa fi hiraarsaa akkasumas ajjeechaa suukkanneessaa diinni illee oromoo irratti raawwatee hin beeknee ta’aa waan dhufeef sochiin fincila baratootaa Ambo fi Dirree dawwaa irra dhowuudhaan guutummaa oromiyaa fudhatee jira. Bifuma wal fakkatuun hiriirri guddichi oromiyaa sanbata xiqqaa gaafa guyyaa 13/2021 kan adeemsifamuu ta’uu miidiyaa fi sabaa himaaleen oromoo akkasumaas toora midiyaa haawwasummaatiin namootni ergaa waliif hiraa kan jiran yoo ta’uu hiriira biyyaa alaa keessatti ardilee Ameerika fi Awurooppaa keessatti bifa qindaawaa ta’een adeemsifamaa jira. Namoonni beekamooni, xinxaltootni yaada isaanii addis standardiif ibsan akka jedhanitti gagga’amnii fi dhiittaan mirga dhala namaa haamaan mootummaa Abiy taasifaamuu mala jechuun ibsanii jiru. Oduun keessaa lootee baate immoo mootummaan Abiy loltoota kumaatamaan lakkaawamaan ramaduudhaan Ambo to’aachuuf kaleessa irraa kaasee hojjechaan kan ture fi sanbata xiqqaa gaafa 13/2021 immoo addunyaa goowwomsuudhaaf tooftaa karaa ariifata isiniif hojjenna jedhuun dhagaa bu’uura Ambotti kaawuuf akka adeemu odeeffannee jira.

Hirirri guddichi fuuldura kana adeemu kun hidhamtootni siyaasa hiikamaanii filmaanni bilisaa biyyaa sana keessatti akka geggeeffamuuf dhiibbaa uumuu mala jedhamee kan yaadamee ta’ee oromiyaa biyya walaabaa taasisuudhaan galma kan gahu ta’ee karoora yeroo dheeraa qabatee kan hojjetama jiru ta’uu rogeeyyiin oromoo ni dubbatu. Sodaa irraa kan ka’ee mootummaan kun jibbiinsa daangaa hin qabne kan uummata oromoof qabu argiisiisuu danda’a jedhanii kanneen tilmaamanis hedduu dha.

Justice4hachalu

Ajjeechaan Artiistii fi falmaa mirga dhala namaa Hacaaluu hundeessaa qaama walaba ta’een akka qoratamuuf kanneen jedhaan gaaffii hiriirtootaa isa ijoo ta’aas jedhameera.

Waxabajji bara 2020 Artiiamstii Hacaaluu Hundeessaa mootummaa Abiy ajjeefanuun ni yaadatama

Categories
English News Oduu Afan Oromo TOP NEWS

HIRIIRA GUDDICHA OROMIYAA, SANBATA XIQQAA 13/2021

Hiriira Guddichaa Oromiyaa

Qabsaa’oonni Haqaa oromoo diddaa lagannaa nyaataa erga eegalanii har’a Guyyaa 16ffaa isaanii ti. Sochiin Qeerroo bifa qindaawaa ta’een kan adeemsifamaa jiru yoo ta’e sarbama mirga dhala namaa mootummaan abbaa irree Abiy kan aangoo akka harma haadha isaatti jaallatuu fi hidhatoota isaatiin adeemsifamaa daraan dabalaa dhufuu fi duguuggaan sanyii oromoo fi saba fi sablammii biyya sanaa irratti raawwatu baay’achuun hidhamtootni siyaasa oromoo diddaa irra kan jiranii fi uummaanni oromoos uffaanna keelloo uffachuudhaan birmaannaa fi jaalala hooggantoota isaatiif qabu agarsiisa turanis gama mootummaatiin deebiin kennamu hiidhaa fi hiraarsaa akkasumas ajjeechaa suukkanneessaa diinni illee oromoo irratti raawwatee hin beeknee ta’aa waan dhufeef sochiin fincila baratootaa Ambo fi Dirree dawwaa irra dhowuudhaan guutummaa oromiyaa fudhatee jira. Bifuma wal fakkatuun hiriirri guddichi oromiyaa sanbata xiqqaa gaafa guyyaa 13/2021 kan adeemsifamuu ta’uu miidiyaa fi sabaa himaaleen oromoo akkasumaas toora midiyaa haawwasummaatiin namootni ergaa waliif hiraa kan jiran yoo ta’uu hiriira biyyaa alaa keessatti ardilee Ameerika fi Awurooppaa keessatti bifa qindaawaa ta’een adeemsifamaa jira. Namoonni beekamooni, xinxaltootni yaada isaanii addis standardiif ibsan akka jedhanitti gagga’amnii fi dhiittaan mirga dhala namaa haamaan mootummaa Abiy taasifaamuu mala jechuun ibsanii jiru. Oduun keessaa lootee baate immoo mootummaan Abiy loltoota kumaatamaan lakkaawamaan ramaduudhaan Ambo to’aachuuf kaleessa irraa kaasee hojjechaan kan ture fi sanbata xiqqaa gaafa 13/2021 immoo addunyaa goowwomsuudhaaf tooftaa karaa ariifata isiniif hojjenna jedhuun dhagaa bu’uura Ambotti kaawuuf akka adeemu odeeffannee jira.

Hirirri guddichi fuuldura kana adeemu kun hidhamtootni siyaasa hiikamaanii filmaanni bilisaa biyyaa sana keessatti akka geggeeffamuuf dhiibbaa uumuu mala jedhamee kan yaadamee ta’ee oromiyaa biyya walaabaa taasisuudhaan galma kan gahu ta’ee karoora yeroo dheeraa qabatee kan hojjetama jiru ta’uu rogeeyyiin oromoo ni dubbatu. Sodaa irraa kan ka’ee mootummaan kun jibbiinsa daangaa hin qabne kan uummata oromoof qabu argiisiisuu danda’a jedhanii kanneen tilmaamanis hedduu dha.

Justice4hachalu

Ajjeechaan Artiistii fi falmaa mirga dhala namaa Hacaaluu hundeessaa qaama walaba ta’een akka qoratamuuf kanneen jedhaan gaaffii hiriirtootaa isa ijoo ta’aas jedhameera.

Waxabajji bara 2020 Artiiamstii Hacaaluu Hundeessaa mootummaa Abiy ajjeefanuun ni yaadatama

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የአሜሪካ ነጋዴዎች በብዙ ቢሊዮን ዶላር እቅድ የኢትዮጵያን የነዳጅ ዕቅዶች ለመበዝበዝ ተቃርበዋል

ከጅግጅጋ የክልሉ ዋና ከተማ ውጭ በኢትዮጵያ ሶማሌ ክልል ሜዳዎች ላይ

በ Zecharias ዘላለም

ታህሳስ 22 ቀን 2020

አንድ ኢትዮጵያዊ-አሜሪካዊ ባለሀብት እና አጋሮቻቸው የኢትዮጵያን የረጅም ጊዜ ምኞት የራሷን የዘይት እና ጋዝ ኢንዱስትሪ ለመገንባት እና ከኃይል ነፃ ሊሆኑ የሚችሉትን ኢፍትሃዊ በሆነ መንገድ ሊጠቀሙበት የሚችሉትን የተራቀቀ እቅድ ለማውጣት አፋፍ ላይ ናቸው ፡፡
የቨርጂኒያ ነዋሪ የሆነው የግሪን ኮም ቴክኖሎጅስ ዋና ሥራ አስፈፃሚ የ 48 ዓመቱ አቶ ነብዩ ጌታቸው ከ 3.9 ቢሊዮን ዶላር ወጪ ከኢትዮጵያ የማዕድንና ነዳጅ ሚኒስቴር ጋር በነዳጅ ሀብታም በሆነው የሶማሌ ክልል የነዳጅ ማጣሪያን ለመገንባት እ.ኤ.አ.

ነገር ግን ቼኮች ግሪን ኮም ኮም ቴክኖሎጂስ እና ዋና ሥራ አስፈፃሚዎቹ በዚህ ዋና ፕሮጀክት ላይ ለመውሰድ የሚያስችል ብቃት ወይም ልምድ እንዳላቸው የሚያሳዩ አነስተኛ ማስረጃዎችን ያሳያል ፡፡ ኩባንያው የታወቀ የኢንዱስትሪ ማስረጃ የለውም እና በሁለት ጊዜያት ከቨርጂኒያ የኮርፖሬት የውሂብ ጎታ ተወስዷል ፣ ምናልባትም የኩባንያውን የምዝገባ ክፍያ በወቅቱ ባለመክፈሉ ፡፡

አንድ መረጃ ሰጭ በግሪን ኮም እና በኢትዮጵያ የነዳጅ ሚኒስቴር መካከል በተፈፀመው ስምምነት ላይ በርካታ ግድፈቶችን ከሰነዘረ በኋላ ወደ ኳርትዝ አፍሪካ ቀረበ ፡፡

በሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቱ እና በግሪን ኮም መካከል ሊሰራ የታቀደው ትብብር በርካታ ግድፈቶችን ከሰነዘረ በኋላ ስለ ኢትዮጵያ የነዳጅ እና ጋዝ ኢንዱስትሪ ሰፊ ዕውቀት ያለው አንድ የመንግስት መረጃ ሰጭ ወደ ኳርትዝ አፍሪካ ቀረበ ፡፡

ቀጥሎም በኳርትዝ አፍሪካ የተደረገው ምርመራ ኩባንያው እራሱን እንደ ኢነርጂ ኢንዱስትሪ መሪ አድርጎ ለማሳየት በርካታ የተሳሳቱ የይገባኛል ጥያቄዎችን ሲያቀርብ ተገኝቷል ፡፡ በተጨማሪም ኩባንያው እ.ኤ.አ. ኤፕሪል 28 ስምምነት ሲፈራረም በኖቬምበር 2019 ውስጥ የድርጅታዊ ደረጃውን ያጣው በዚህ ዓመት በመስከረም ወር እንደገና ወደነበረበት እንዲመለስ የተደረገው ውጤታማ ባልነበረ ነበር ፡፡
ፕሮጀክቱ ከምድር እንደሚወጣና ስምምነቱ የኢትዮጵያን የዘይት ማውጣት ዕቅዶች ሊያከሽፍ እና ምናልባትም በአፍሪካ ቀንድ ውስጥ ከፍተኛ የገንዘብ ኪሳራ ሊያደርስበት እንደሚችል ግልጽ አይደለም ፡፡



የግሪንኮም ቴክኖሎጂዎች ማያ ገጽ ይያዙ

የግሪን ኮም ቴክኖሎጅዎች ቅጽበታዊ ገጽ እይታ “ከቡድኑ ጋር ይተዋወቁ” ድር ጣቢያ። ዋና ሥራ አስፈፃሚ አቶ ነብዩ ጌታቸው እና የ COO ዋረን ነግሪን ያሳያል
ኢትዮጵያ በአስርተ ዓመታት ውስጥ በአብዛኛው በሀገሪቱ ምስራቅ የሚገኙትን እስከ 8 ትሪሊዮን ኪዩቢክ ሊትር የዘይት ዘይት ክምችት የሚገመት እጅግ ብዙ የሃይድሮካርቦን ሀብቶችን ለመበዝበዝ ስትሞክር ቆይታለች ፡፡ ነገር ግን የማውጣት ተስፋ ብዙ ችግሮች አጋጥመውታል ፣ ከእነዚህም መካከል በሀገሪቱ በዘይት የበለፀገ የሶማሌ ክልል ከ 1980 ዎቹ ጀምሮ በርካታ የታጠቁ አማጽያን መኖሪያ ነው ፡፡
ከቅርብ ዓመታት ወዲህ በክልሉ የሚነሱ ሁከቶች ከቀዘቀዙ በኋላ ግን ደካማ አስተዳደር ፣ አጠያያቂ የሆኑ ከውጭ ነዳጅ ኩባንያዎች ጋር የተደረጉ ስምምነቶች እና ሙስናም እንዲሁ የኢትዮጵያን የማውጣት ፍላጎት እንቅፋት ሆኗል ፡፡ አገሪቱ የሀገሪቱን ኢኮኖሚ እንደገና ለማደስ ተዘጋጅቷል ተብሎ ሲታሰብ የቆየውን የዘይት ሀብቷን በቁም ነገር አልተጠቀመችም ፡፡

ተገቢ ትጋት

የደንብ ማስከበር እና ደካማ የማጣራት ዘዴ ባለመኖሩ የኢትዮጵያ የማዕድንና የነዳጅ ዘርፎች በአለም አቀፍ ነጋዴዎች አጠያያቂ በሆነ ዕውቀት መጠቀማቸው ተመልክቷል ፡፡

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AAU Holds 70th Round Students’ Commencement of Graduation but Obsa Abdisa and other oromo students are the candidates not graduated only because of they are Oromo

December 26, 2020   

Addis Ababa University (AAU) graduates 4,087 students, who are able to conclude their courses in different fields of study, returned from COVID-19 break, on Saturday, 26th December 2020.

According to the information from the Registrar, 804 students (including specializations) in Postgraduate and 3,283 candidates in Undergraduate programs will graduate, of which (35.53%) are women.

It is known that the University graduated 5,742 students with virtually held commencement on 25th July 2020. Hence, AAU’s 2019/20 graduates’ total is more than 10,000.

The University congrats all graduates, families, and academic staff. Obsa Abdisa and other oromo student were supposed to be among these graduates. But unfortunately the Ethiopian government  denied them to be graduated with their batch, they are still in custody. The university never mentioned and stand for justice in protecting the right of it’s student.

Obsa Abdisa is an oromo and political Science student at AAU and one of the graduate candidate of 2020 but now he is prision only because of he is oromo
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ETHIOPIAN NATIONAL ELECTION TIME TABLE BY NEBE

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At least 207 killed in massacre in western Ethiopia after Abiy visit

Ethiopia

Witnesses report knife and gun attacks and children shot by armed men after PM warning over continuing ethnic conflicts More than 207 people have been killed in Ethiopia’s western region of Benishangul-Gumuz, in Metekel Zone the place where mostly Oromo were e living the latest massacre along ethnic lines in the country. Witnesses and officials said that at least 207 people were killed in the attack early on Wednesday in the Metekel zone.

The attack occurred a day after the prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, visited the region and spoke about the need to bring to justice those responsible for the recent attacks.
The attacks are separate from the deadly conflict in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region where Ethiopian forces and allied regional forces began fighting Tigray regional forces early November.
If Ethiopia descends into chaos, it could take the Horn of Africa with it
Federal troops deployed in other regions of Africa’s second-most populous nation were deployed to fight in that conflict, raising fears of a security vacuum.
Even before the Tigray war erupted last month, Abiy’s government had been grappling with rising insecurity in many parts of the country. Violence between groups fighting over land and other resources has forced many hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes following Abiy taking office in 2018, according to UN estimates.

Ethnic tensions are a big challenge as Abiy tries to promote national unity in a country with more than 80 ethnic groups.
Belay Wajera, a farmer in the western town of Bulen, told Reuters he counted 82 bodies in a field near his home after the dawn attack on Wednesday. He and his family awoke to the sound of gunshots and ran out of their home as men shouted “catch them”, he said. His wife and five of his children were shot dead; he was shot in the buttocks, while four other children escaped and are now missing.
Another resident of the town, Hassen Yimama, said armed men stormed the area at about 6am (0300 GMT). He told Reuters that he counted 20 bodies in a different location. He grabbed his own weapon but assailants shot him in the stomach.
A local medic said he and colleagues had treated 38 injured people, most suffering from gunshot wounds. Patients had told him of relatives killed with knives, and gunmen who set houses on fire and shot at people trying to escape, he said.
“We weren’t prepared for this and we are out of medicine,” a nurse at the same facility told Reuters, adding that a five-year-old child had died while being transferred to the clinic.
‘Slaughtered like chickens’: Eritrea heavily involved in Tigray conflict, say eyewitnesses
The attack came the day after the prime minister and the military’s chief of staff, Birhanu Jula, and other senior federal officials, visited the region to urge calm after a number of deadly incidents between rival ethnic groups in recent months. The most recent previous attack in the area was on 14 November, when gunmen targeted a bus and killed 34 Oromo people.

“The desire by enemies to divide Ethiopia along ethnic and religious lines still exists. This desire will remain unfulfilled,” Abiy tweeted on Tuesday along with photographs of his meetings that day in the town of Metekel. But this all dividing is the product of his failure leadership as many of the residents testify. They fear for existance of there life in Abiy primiership. Yet He said residents voiced a wish for peace and that the sentiment “outweighs any divisive agenda”.
Today The prime minister Abiy tweet that ” The massacre of civilians in Benishangul Gumuz is a tragedy. I am deeply saddened by the inhumane treatment of our people. Our efforts to solve the problem in various ways have not yielded the desired results.
The goal of our enemies is to disperse the powerful forces we wield against Junta. This will not work. The government has taken the necessary steps to address the root causes.
I urge all of us to work as hard as we can to achieve the desired results.”

Finally all political leaders and opposite and rebelious bodies must come into table and all inclusive dialogue must be held at all level for the sake of peace and security of the people and to solve the problem from his root.

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የተባበሩት መንግስታት የጦር ወንጀሎችን ለማጣራት ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ለመላክ አቅዷል

ቀጥታ ስርጭት

ሁለቱም ተፋላሚ ወገኖች ኃይሎቻቸው በትግራይ ውስጥ ግፍ መፈጸማቸውን ይክዳሉ [UNHCR / UNTV በሮይተርስ]

ዜና|የተባበሩት መንግስታት

የተባበሩት መንግስታት መብቶች ሃላፊ ለሳምንታት የዘለቀው ግጭት የጦር ወንጀሎችን ሊያስከትሉ ከሚችሉ ከብዙ “አስደንጋጭ” የሰብአዊ መብቶች ጥሰቶች አንዱ ነው ”ብለዋል ፡፡ሁለቱም ተፋላሚ ወገኖች ኃይሎቻቸው በትግራይ ውስጥ ግፍ መፈጸማቸውን ይክዳሉ [UNHCR / UNTV በሮይተርስ]22 ዲሴምበር 2020

የተባበሩት መንግስታት ድርጅት የተባበሩት መንግስታት የመብት ተሟጋች የጦር ወንጀሎችን ሊያስከትሉ ከሚችሉ “አስደንጋጭ” የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች አንዱ መሆኑን በመግለጽ በኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ውስጥ የጅምላ ግድያ ጨምሮ የተከሰሱ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶችን ለማጣራት በምድር ላይ ቡድን ለማቋቋም ጥረት እያደረገ ነው ፡፡

ወደ 950,000 የሚጠጉ ሰዎችን ከቀያቸው እንዲፈናቀሉ በተደረገ ግጭት የኢትዮጵያ ጦር በሰሜናዊው የትግራይ ክልል አመጸኞችን ከ 6 ሳምንታት በላይ ሲዋጋ ቆይቷል ፡፡

ከቅርብ ቀናት ወዲህ ለሰብአዊ ሰራተኞች ተደራሽነት የማይቻል ነበር እና የመብቶች ሰራተኞች አሁን ሪፖርቶችን ለማጣራት መሬት ላይ ለመድረስ እየፈለጉ ነው ፡፡

ሲቪሎች ሆን ብለው በተጋጭ አካል ወይም በተጋጭ ወገኖች ከተገደሉ እነዚህ ግድያዎች የጦር ወንጀሎች ይሆናሉ እናም ቀደም ሲል እንዳስቀመጥኩት ተጠያቂነትን ለማስፈን እና ፍትህን ለማረጋገጥ ገለልተኛ ፣ ገለልተኛ ፣ የተሟላ እና ግልጽነት ያላቸው ምርመራዎች ያስፈልጋሉ ፡፡ የተባበሩት መንግስታት የሰብአዊ መብት ሃላፊ ሚ Micheል ባችሌት ማክሰኞ ዕለት እዚያ የተከሰቱትን ክስተቶች “ልብ ሰባሪ” እና “አስደንጋጭ” ሲሉ ገልፀዋል ፡፡

ማይ ካድራ ግድያ

ከጠቀሰቻቸው ክስተቶች መካከል በሰሜን ምዕራብ ማይ ካድራ ከተማ ህዳር 9 ቀን በብዙ መቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎች በተለይም አማራዎች መገደላቸው ነው ፡

በተጨማሪም በሕዝብ በተያዙ አካባቢዎች ላይ የመድፍ ጥቃቶችን ፣ ሆን ተብሎ በሰላማዊ ሰዎች ላይ ያነጣጠረ ጥቃት ፣ ያለፍርድ ግድያ እና ሰፊ ዘረፋን ጨምሮ ሌሎች ክስተቶችን ገልፃለች ፡፡

የተባበሩት መንግስታት መብቶች ጽህፈት ቤት ቃል አቀባይ ሊዝ ትሮውልል በኋላ ለጄኔቫ ቨርቹዋል ገለፃ መስሪያ ቤታቸው ከኢትዮ ያ መንግስት ጋር እየተወያየ መሆኑንና የመብት ጥሰቶችን በፍጥነት የሚያጣራ ቡድን ለማዘጋጀት ያለመ መሆኑን ተናግረዋል ፡፡

በግለሰቦች ላይ

በግለሰቦች ላይ ግድያ ከተፈፀመባቸው አንዳንድ ክስተቶች መካከል ከአማራ አውራጃ በመጡ “ፋኖ” ታጣቂዎች ላይ ተጠያቂ መሆናቸውን ከመንግስት ጋር የተዛመደ ነው ብለዋል ፡፡

የሮይተርስ የዜና ወኪልም እንዲሁ ከተፈናቀሉ የትግራይ ተወላጆች ተመሳሳይ ዘገባዎችን ደርሷል ፡፡

ሆኖም በተባበሩት መንግስታት የተገኘው መረጃ በግጭቱ ውስጥ ያሉ ሁሉም ወገኖች የሚፈጸሙትን ጥሰቶች በተከታታይ አመልክታለች ፡፡

እስካሁን ድረስ የተባበሩት መንግስታት ሁኔታውን በርቀት እየተከታተለ ወደ ጎረቤት ሱዳን ከተሰደዱት በአስር ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ስደተኞችን የተወሰነ መረጃ አግኝቷል ፡፡

ሁለቱም ወገኖች ኃይሎቻቸው ግፍ መፈጸማቸውን ይክዳሉ ፣ በሰላማዊ ዜጎች ላይ ለተፈጸመው ግድያም ሌሎች ኃይሎችን ተጠያቂ ያደርጋሉ ፡፡

በአብዛኛዎቹ ግጭቶች የቴሌኮሙዩኒኬሽንስ ግንኙነቶች ተቋርጠው የነበሩ በመሆናቸው እና የክልሉን ተደራሽነት አጥብቆ ስለሚቆጣጠር በሁሉም ወገን ያሉ አካውንቶች ለማጣራት አስቸጋሪ ናቸው ፡፡ምንጭ – ሮይተርስ

የኢትዮጵያ ጦርነት አብቅቷል ወይስ ገና ተጀምሯል?

ጠ / ሚ አብይ አህመድ ወታደራዊ ዘመቻ በተቃረበበት ወቅት ተቃዋሚዎች ግን የሽምቅ ዘመቻ እንደሚያደርጉ ቃል ገብተዋል ፡፡

የመቀሌ ችግር-ስለ ኢትዮጵያ ትግራይ ጦርነት የሐኪም ዘገባ

በከተማዋ ዋና ሆስፒታል ዶክተር ከባድ የህክምና እጥረቶች ፣ የረሃብ ስጋት እና የተስፋፋ ፍርሃት አስገራሚ ዘገባ ያቀርባል ፡፡

Ethiopian refugees who fled the Tigray conflict receive food at the Border Reception Centre in Hamdayet, eastern Sudan [Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP]

የኢትዮጵያ ግጭት ከቁጥጥር ውጭ እየሆነ መምጣቱን የተባበሩት መንግስታት ድርጅት አስታወቀ

የኢትዮጵያ ግጭት ‘በሰላማዊ ዜጎች ላይ አስከፊ ውጤት’ እንዳለው የተባበሩት መንግስታት የመብት ተሟጋች ተቆርጦ ወደ ተዘጋባቸው አካባቢዎች እንዲደርሱ ጠይቀዋል ፡፡ተጨማሪ ከዜና

© 2020 AMBO TV

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Booker, Young Joint Bipartisan Statement Regarding the Conflict in Ethiopia

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Yestarday,December 18,2020 U.S. Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ) and Todd Young (R-IN), both members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, released the following statement regarding the recent conflict in Ethiopia:

“The conflict in Ethiopia remains far from over, despite Prime Minister Abiy’s claim that military operations are complete. We are deeply concerned by reports of Eritrean refugees in Tigray being killed, abducted and forcibly returned to Eritrea by Eritrean forces, as well as disturbing reports that some trying to reach safer areas are being prevented from leaving. The State Department has also reported that Eritrean soldiers are present in Tigray. The internationalization of this conflict poses a threat to U.S. interests in the strategic Red Sea region, and could drive the Horn of Africa into a protracted crisis from which it could take many years to recover and needlessly take thousands of lives.

“We join others from the international community who have urged Ethiopia’s federal government to abide by its commitment to grant security for humanitarian workers and full access to the 96,000 Eritrean refugees in Tigray, in addition to the over 2.3 million in children in need of humanitarian assistance. We also call for an independent investigation into these claims of forced return, and demand accountability for those who have violated international law. Refugees are among the most vulnerable populations on Earth – the international community must be there to protect them in their time of need. Finally, we extend our sincere condolences to the families of the humanitarian workers from the International Rescue Committee and the Danish Refugee Council who were killed in this conflict. We are deeply saddened by the untold number of lives taken by this needless conflict.

“In the face of continued violence against civilians, we remind all parties of their obligation to protect civilians and civilian infrastructure by following international humanitarian law (IHL), and we call on the Administration to engage the Government of Ethiopia, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, and the region to end the violence and further human suffering, and consider targeted sanctions on any political or military officials found responsible for violations.”

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EU delays €90 million in aid to Ethiopia over Tigray crisis

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The European Union delays almost €90 million in funds to Ethiopia over the Tigray conflict. The money will only be given if the federal government meet the EU’s conditions. Also, Facebook pulls the plug on rival French and Russian disinformation campaigns aiming to destabilise upcoming elections in Central African Republic. And could luxury fashion’s next big thing be Made in Senegal? We head to Dakar for a look at the emergence of upmarket local brands catering to a growing middle class.

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‘ፍልስጤማውያንን አያገለግልም’: እስራኤል-ሞሮኮ ግንኙነታቸውን መደበኛ ለማድረግ

ሞሮኮ በአሜሪካ የሽምግልና ስምምነት ከእስራኤል ጋር ግንኙነቷን መደበኛ እንደምትሆን ለማስታወቅ ዓለም ምን ምላሽ ሰጠ ፡፡

ሐሙስ ሞሮኮ ከነሐሴ ወር ጀምሮ ከእስራኤል ጋር ግንኙነቷን መደበኛ ለማድረግ ያሰበችውን ስምምነት አራተኛ ነች ፡፡
ሐሙስ ሞሮኮ ከነሐሴ ወር ጀምሮ ከእስራኤል ጋር ግንኙነቷን መደበኛ ለማድረግ ያሰበችውን ስምምነት አራተኛ ነች ፡፡

11 ዲሴምበር 2020

በአሜሪካ የሽምግልና ስምምነት ሞሮኮ ከእስራኤል ጋር ግንኙነቷን መደበኛ ለማድረግ መወሰኗ የተለያዩ ዓለም አቀፋዊ አስተያየቶችን አስገኝቷል ፡፡

ሐሙስ ሞሮኮ ከነሐሴ ወር ጀምሮ ከእስራኤል ጋር ግንኙነቷን መደበኛ ለማድረግ ያለመ ስምምነት የምታደርግ አራተኛ የአረብ ሀገር ሆናለች ፡፡ ሌሎቹ የተባበሩት አረብ ኤምሬቶች ፣ ባህሬን እና ሱዳን ነበሩ ፡፡

የስምምነቱ አካል የሆኑት የአሜሪካው ፕሬዝዳንት ዶናልድ ትራምፕ ከአስርተ ዓመታት በፊት ከአልጄሪያ ከሚደገፈው የፖሊሳሪዮ ግንባር ጋር ተፋጥጦ ራሱን የቻለ ለማቋቋም ከሚሞክረው የሞሮኮ ጋር ለአስርተ ዓመታት የቆየውን የምዕራብ ሳሃራን የበላይነት ዕውቅና ለመስጠት ተስማምተዋል ፡፡ ክልል ውስጥ ግዛት።

ፍልስጤማውያን

የአረብ አገራት እስራኤል እውቅና ከማግኘቷ በፊት ለፍልስጤም ግዛት መሬት ትሰጣለች የሚለውን የቆየ ጥያቄ በመተው የሰላም ጉዳይ ወደ ኋላ ተመልሰዋል ሲሉ ፍልስጤማውያን በመደበኛነት ስምምነቶችን ይተቻሉ ፡፡

የፍልስጤም ነፃ አውጪ ድርጅት ሥራ አስፈፃሚ ኮሚቴ አባል የሆኑት ባሳም አል ሳሊ ስምምነቱን አውግዘዋል ፡፡

አል-ሳልሂ “ማንኛውም አረብ ከ [2002] አረብ የሰላም ኢኒሺዬሽን ፣ መደበኛነት የሚመጣው እስራኤል የፍልስጤምን እና የአረብ አገሮችን ወረራ ካጠናቀቀች በኋላ ብቻ ተቀባይነት የለውም ፣ እናም የእስራኤልን ጠብ አጫሪነት እና የፍልስጤምን ህዝብ መብቶች የመካድ ሁኔታ እንዲጨምር ያደርገዋል” ብለዋል ፡፡ .null

በጋዛ የሀማስ ቃል አቀባይ ሀዜም ቃሴም “ይህ ሀጢያት ስለሆነ የፍልስጤምን ህዝብ አያገለግልም ፡፡ የእስራኤል ወረራ በፍልስጤም ህዝብ ላይ የሚያደርሰውን ጥቃት ለመጨመር እና የሰፈራ መስፋፋቱን ለመጨመር እያንዳንዱን አዲስ መደበኛ አሰራር ይጠቀማል ፡፡https://players.brightcove.net/665003303001/A3nzcwywTg_default/index.html?videoId=6215450880001&playsinline=true

የፖሊዛርዮ ግንባር

ከአከባቢው ሳህራዊ ህዝብ የተውጣጣው እና እ.ኤ.አ. ከ 1975 እስከ 1991 ድረስ ለነፃነት ጦርነት ያካሄደው ፖሊዛሪዮ ትራምፕን “በጠንካራ አነጋገር” ለሞሮኮ “የእርሱ ​​ያልሆነውን” ለመስጠት ያደረጉትን ሙከራ አውግ condemnedል ፡፡

መግለጫው “የትራምፕ ውሳኔ የሰሃራ ጉዳይ ሕጋዊ ባህሪን አይለውጠውም ምክንያቱም ዓለም አቀፉ ማህበረሰብ በሞሮኮ በምዕራባዊ ሳሃራ ላይ ሉዓላዊነትን አይቀበልም” ብሏል ፡፡

የራስን ዕድል በራስ የመወሰን ህዝበ ውሳኔ የሚፈልገው ፖሊዛሪዮ በጎረቤቷ አልጄሪያ ድጋፍ የምታገኝ ሲሆን በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የሳህራዊ ስደተኞችንም ተቀብላለች ፡፡null

ሞሮኮ ከተከራካሪ መሬት 80 በመቶውን ትቆጣጠራለች ፣ ፎስፌት ክምችት እና የዓሣ ማጥመጃ ውሃዎችን ጨምሮ ፡፡

ግብጽ

የግብፅ ፕሬዝዳንት አብዱልፈታህ ኤል ሲሲ እ.ኤ.አ. ከ 1979 ጀምሮ ከእስራኤል ጋር በተደረገ የሰላም ስምምነት ሀገራቸው የተሳሰረች መሆኗን መግለጫው በደስታ ተቀበሉ ፡፡

በመካከለኛው ምስራቅ ውስጥ “የበለጠ መረጋጋት እና ቀጠናዊ ትብብርን ለማምጣት አስፈላጊ እርምጃ” ሲሉ ኤል-ሲሲ አድናቆታቸውን ገልጸዋል ፡፡

ስፔን

የስፔን የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር አራንቻ ጎንዛሌዝ ላያ ማስታወቂያውን በደስታ ቢቀበሉም ትራምፕ ለምዕራባዊ ሳሃራ የሞሮኮ ግዛት አካል መሆናቸው እውቅና አልተቀበሉም ፡፡null

ላያ እንዳሉት “በሞሮኮ እና በእስራኤል መካከል ያለውን ግንኙነት መደበኛነት በተመለከተ በቅርብ ሳምንታት የተከናወኑትን እያንዳንዱን መደበኛ ሁኔታ በደስታ ስንቀበል ያንን መደበኛነት በደስታ እንቀበላለን።

በእስራኤላውያንና በፍልስጤማውያን መካከል ሰላምን በተመለከተ አሁንም መፍትሄ የሚያገኝ ጉዳይ ነው ፡፡ እናም የምዕራባዊ ሰሃራ ጥያቄ አሁንም መፍትሄ ያገኛል። እናም በሁለቱም ሁኔታዎች የተባበሩት መንግስታት ውሳኔዎች እነዚያን ሁለት ጥያቄዎች ለመፍታት አንድ መንገድ መፈለግ እንዳለባቸው የስፔን አቋም በጣም ግልፅ ነው ብለዋል ፡፡

አገሪቱ አስተዳደራዊ ቁጥጥር በሞሮኮ እና በሞሪታኒያ የጋራ አስተዳደር እስከለቀችበት ጊዜ ድረስ እስፔን እስከ 1975 ድረስ በምዕራብ ሳሃራ የተቆጣጠረች ኃይል ነበረች ፡፡

አገሪቱ ከሰሃራዊ ሰዎች ጋር የጠበቀ ግንኙነት እንደነበራት እና ብዙ ተሟጋቾች ላለፉት ዓመታት በስፔን ተምረዋል ፡፡

የተባበሩት መንግስታት

ማስታወቂያው ከተጠናቀቀ በኋላ የተባበሩት መንግስታት በአወዛጋቢው የምዕራብ ሳሃራ ክልል ላይ ያለው አቋም “አልተለወጠም” ብሏል ፡፡

የተባበሩት መንግስታት ድርጅት ዋና ፀሃፊ አንቶኒዮ ጉቴሬዝ “በፀጥታው ም / ቤት ውሳኔዎች ላይ በመመስረት አሁንም ለጥያቄው መፍትሄ ሊገኝ ይችላል” ብለዋል ፡፡

የተባበሩት መንግስታት ድርጅት ሃላፊ ለሁለቱ ወገኖች ያስተላለፈው መልእክት “ውጥረትን የበለጠ ሊያባብሰው የሚችል ማንኛውንም እርምጃ ማስወገድ ነው” ብለዋል ቃል አቀባዩ ፡፡ምንጭ – አልጀዚራ እና የዜና ወኪሎች

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ብቸኛ-አሜሪካ በትግራይ ውስጥ የኤርትራ ወታደሮች ሪፖርቶች ‹ተዓማኒ› መሆናቸውን አሜሪካ ገለፀች ፡፡



አሜሪካ በትግራይ ክልል በተነሳው ግጭት የኤርትራ ወታደራዊ ተሳትፎ ዘገባዎች “እምነት የሚጣልባቸው ናቸው” ብላ ታምናለች ሲሉ የውጭ ጉዳይ መስሪያ ቤት ቃል አቀባይ ሀሙስ ሐሙስ ተናግረዋል ፡፡
ቃል አቀባዩ እዚያ ለሚገኙ ማናቸውም የኤርትራ ወታደሮች ወጣ ብለው እንዲወጡ ጥሪ አቅርበዋል ፡፡

“የኤርትራ ወታደራዊ ኃይል በትግራይ ውስጥ ጣልቃ መግባቱን የሚያረጋግጡ ዘገባዎችን አውቀን ይህንን እንደ ከባድ ልማት እንመለከተዋለን ፡፡ እንደዚህ ያሉ ወታደሮች በፍጥነት እንዲወጡ እናሳስባለን ሲሉ ቃል አቀባዩ ተናግረዋል ፡፡

የአሜሪካ መንግስት የኤርትራ ወታደሮች ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ክልል መሻገራቸውን በማመን ማክሰኞ ማክሰኞ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ ሪፖርት ያደረገው የኢትዮ Primeያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አብይ አህመድ መንግስት አመፀኛውን የሰሜናዊ ኃይል ለመዋጋት ውጤታማ ነው ፡፡

አቢይ ባለፈው ዓመት ከኤርትራ ጋር ሰላም በመፍጠር የኖቤል የሰላም ሽልማትን ያገኘ ቢሆንም የኤርትራ ወታደሮች በኢትዮጵያ ምድር መገኘታቸው የምዕራባውያንን አጋሮች ያስደነግጣቸዋል እናም ግጭቱን የበለጠ ሊያባብስ ይችላል ፡፡

ኤርትራ ለዓመታት መጠነ ሰፊ የመብት ጥሰቶች ሲፈፀሙባት ነበር ፣ ተቃዋሚዎችን ወደ እስር ቤት ማሰር እና ዜጎችን ወደ ረዥም ወታደራዊ ወይም የመንግስት አገልግሎት ማስገደድ ጨምሮ ፡፡ ምዕራባዊያን ኃይሎችን በስም ማጥፋት ዘመቻ ይከሳቸዋል እንዲሁም በውጭ ያሉ ኤርትራዊያኖችን በማታለል ይካዳሉ ፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ የአፍሪካን ህብረት ታስተናግዳለች ፣ የፀጥታ አገልግሎቷ ከምዕራባውያን አጋሮች ጋር ትሰራለች ፣ ወታደሮ Southም በደቡብ ሱዳን እና በሶማሊያ በሰላም ማስከበር ተልዕኮዎች ያገለግላሉ ፡፡

የውጭ ጉዳይ መስሪያ ቤቱ ቃል አቀባይ በትግራይ ውስጥ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶችን አስመልክቶ የቀረቡ ዘገባዎችን ጠቅሰዋል ፡፡

“እኛ ደግሞ በክልሉ የሰብዓዊ መብት ጥሰቶች እና የመብት ጥሰቶች የሚደርሱ ዘገባዎችን እናውቃለን ፡፡ ቃል አቀባዩ እንዳሉት ሁሉም ወገኖች የሰብዓዊ መብቶችን እና ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብዓዊ ሕጎችን ማክበር አለባቸው ፡፡

እኛ እና ሌሎች ዓለም አቀፍ አጋሮች በሪፖርቶች ላይ ገለልተኛ ምርመራ እንዲደረግ እና ተጠያቂ ለሆኑት ተጠያቂ እንዲሆኑ ማበረታታታችንን እንቀጥላለን ፡፡

ምንም እንኳን ዓብይ ባለፈው ሳምንት አንዳንድ የመንግስት ወታደሮች በግጭቱ መጀመሪያ ወደ ኤርትራ መመለሳቸውን እና እርዳታ እንደተሰጣቸውም ቢናገሩም ኢትዮጵያ ኤርትራ ወደ ግጭቱ እንዳትገባ ክዳለች ፡፡ የኤርትራ ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ኦስማን ሳሌህ ወደ ግጭቱ የገባውን የይገባኛል ጥያቄ “ፕሮፓጋንዳ” ብለውታል ፡፡

ማስታወቂያ

የሁሉም ወገኖች የይገባኛል ጥያቄዎች ለማጣራት የማይቻል ነው ምክንያቱም አብዛኛው ወደ ትግራይ የሚደረገው ግንኙነት ተቋርጧል ፣ እናም መንግስት መዳረሻውን በጥብቅ ይቆጣጠራል።

አብይ እና የኤርትራው ፕሬዝዳንት ኢሳያስ አፍወርቂ እ.ኤ.አ. በ 2018 ለሁለት አስርት ዓመታት ጠብ ያቆመ የሰላም ስምምነት የተፈራረሙ ሲሆን አሁን ደግሞ የህዝባዊ ወያነ ሓርነት ትግራይ (ህወሃት) እንደ አንድ የጋራ ጠላት ነው ፡፡

ህወሃት ባለፈው ወር ውስጥ በርካታ የኤርትራ ወታደሮችን ገድያለሁ ፣ በቁጥጥር ስር አውሎኛል ቢልም ምንም ማስረጃ አላቀረበም ፡፡ በኤርትራ ውስጥ ቢያንስ አራት ጊዜ ሮኬቶችን እንደወረወረ የአሜሪካ ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር አስታወቀ ፡፡

ዲፕሎማሲያዊ ምንጮችን በመጥቀስ ሮይተርስ ማክሰኞ እንደዘገበው የኤርትራ ወታደሮች በኖቬምበር አጋማሽ በሶስት የሰሜን አዋሳኝ ከተሞች ዛላምበሳ ፣ ራማ እና ባድሜ በኩል ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ገብተዋል ተብሎ ይታመናል ፡፡

የቀድሞው የኤርትራ መከላከያ ሚኒስትር አቶ ኢሳያስን ያፈረሱት የቀድሞ የኤርትራ መከላከያ ሚኒስትር መስፍን ሀጎስ በበኩላቸው ኤርትራዊያኑ አራት ሜካናይዝድ ክፍሎች ፣ ሰባት እግረኛ ክፍሎች እና አንድ ኮማንዶ ብርጌድ በመላክ እንደገለጹት የመከላከያ ሚኒስትሩ ፣ የተቃዋሚ እና የግል ግንኙነቶች ምንጮችን ጠቅሰዋል ፡፡

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ዐብይ አህመድ ኦነግን ለማስወገድ ጥሪ አቀረበ-በምን ዋጋ?

በሞያሌ ውስጥ መንሸራተት የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን የኦሮሞ ነፃነት ግንባርን በሕገ-ወጥ መንገድ የመያዝ ፍላጎት እንዳለው ያሳያል ፣ ይህ ደግሞ ብዙ ኦሮሞችን ወደ ትጥቅ ተቃውሞ ሊገፋ ይችላል ፡፡ ያ የሥራ ጊዜውን ያደናቅፍ ይሆናል እናም በመጨረሻም የኢትዮጵያን ግዛት መበታተን ሊያበስር ይችላል ፡፡

እ.ኤ.አ. ታህሳስ 9 (እ.አ.አ.) የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐብይ አህመድ (ዶ / ር) የኦሮሞን ነፃነት ግንባር (ኦነግን) ለማስወገድ ጥሪ አቀረቡ ፣ የኢትዮጵያን ግዛት እንደገና ለማብራራት ቀጣዩ ትልቅ እርምጃውን ያመለክታሉ ፡፡ በሁለቱ አገራት መካከል ያለውን የንግድ ልውውጥ ለማሳደግ የአንድ ጊዜ የድንበር ምሰሶ በተመረቀበት ወቅት ከኬንያው ፕሬዝዳንት ኡሁሩ ኬንያታ ጋር በጋራ ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫ ወቅት አቢይ አደገኛ ጥያቄ አቀረበ ፡፡

ያልተወራረደ ታዳሚውን “አልሸባብን እና ኦነግን ከዚህ ክልል ማስወገድ ከቻልን እነዚህ ሰዎች እንዴት ወደ አንድ ቤተሰብ ፣ አንድ ሀገር ፣ አንድ ህዝብ በታላቅ ደስታ እና ትብብር ሊለወጡ እንደሚችሉ ማየት ትችላላችሁ” ብለዋል ፡፡

በእውነቱ እና በተሞከረበት የአብይ ፋሽን ወደ አፋን ኦሮሞ ሲዘዋወር ኦነግን ለማጥፋት ፈንጂ ጥሪውን ትቶ ነበር – የኦነግን ንቃተ ህሊና የተቀዳ እና የኦሮሞ ብሄር ልምዶችን የኖረ የቫንቫር ድርጅት ፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ስለ አንድ ነገር የተለያዩ ነገሮችን ለተለያዩ አድማጮች በመናገራቸው በድርብ ንግግራቸው ታዋቂ ናቸው ፡፡ ባልተጠበቀ ሁኔታ አስተያየቱ የአብይን የኦሮፖብቢክ ደጋፊዎችን ያስደሰተ ቢሆንም የእርሱ እውነተኛ ዓላማዎች ምናልባትም ሳይታወቅ ይፋ የተደረገው ብዙም አስገራሚ አልነበረም ፡፡

ዐብይ ገና ለጀመረው አደገኛ ጦርነት ሳያውቅ በድሉ ላይ ይገኛል። በኤርትራ የተደገፈው ወታደራዊ ዘመቻ በህዝባዊ ወያነ ሃርነት ትግራይ (ህወሓት) ላይ ገና አልተጠናቀቀም ነገር ግን ለቡድኑ ከፍተኛ ጉዳት ደርሷል ፡፡ ዓብይ በጦርነቱ እቅድ እና አፈፃፀም ውስጥ በኤርትራ ንቁ ተሳትፎ እንዲሁም ምናልባትም ከሁሉም ይበልጥ የተባበሩት አረብ ኤምሬትስ በራሪ አውሮፕላኖች ተሳትፈዋል በሚል ውጊያው ያሸነፈ ይመስላል ፡፡

አሁን ትኩረቱን ወደ ደቡብ ወደ ሌላ ወደ ጥፋት የፖለቲካ ውጥንቅጥ እያዞረ ነው የኦሮሞ ተቃዋሚዎች ፡፡ የአብይ አስተዳደር በምትወለድበት ኦሮሚያ ውስጥ ማንኛውንም ጠቃሚ ተቃዋሚዎችን ለማፍረስ የጀመረው ዘመቻ ከሁለት ዓመት በላይ እንደቀጠለ ነው ፡፡ በአስር የሚቆጠሩ የኦሮሞ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ ደጋፊዎች እና አመራሮች ትንኮሳ ፣ ማስፈራራት ፣ እስራት የተደረገባቸው ሲሆን የተወሰኑት ለፖለቲካ ትርኢት ሙከራ እየተዳረጉ ነው

ዓብይ ለኦነግ የተናገረው – በሕጋዊነት የተመዘገበ ፓርቲ በኦሮሞ ሕዝብ መካከል ከፍተኛ ድጋፍ ያለው – በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ ተቀባይነት ካለው አሸባሪ ድርጅት አልሻባብ ጋር በተመሳሳይ ትንፋሽ ከኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች አብዮታዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ግንባር (ኢሕአፓ) የመጫወቻ መጽሐፍ ወጥቷል ፡፡ ህወሃት የበላይነቱን የያዘው ኢህአዲግ የሽብርተኝነትን ንግግር በመጠቀም ኦነግን እና መንስኤዎቹን ከህግ አግባብ ውጭ በማድረግ ከአልሸባብ ፣ ከቦኮሃራም እና ከሌሎች አሸባሪ ድርጅቶች ጋር በማወዳደር ተጠቅሞበታል ፡፡ የሰጡት መግለጫ በቅርቡ በኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ውስጥ የተከሰቱት ለውጦች ምንነት እና የኦሮሞ ተወላጅ በኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ውስጥ ስላለው አቋም እጅግ የከበደ ክርክርን ዳግም አስተካክሏል ፡፡

አቢይ የኦሮሞን የኢህአፓ ክንፍ ወክሎ በኦሮሞ ተቃውሞ በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ቦታ ተደናግጧል ፡፡ ብዙዎች ይህንን የኦሮሞን መገለል በኢትዮጵያ መቋረጡን የሚያረጋግጥ አስገራሚ ለውጥ አድርገው ይመለከቱት ነበር ፡፡ ሆኖም ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት በኦሮምያ ያለው የሰብአዊ መብት ሁኔታ እና በመላ ክልሉ ለተቃዋሚዎቻቸው የደረሰው በደል እና የከባድ እጅ አያያዝ በአጠቃላይ የኦሮሞው አቋም መባባሱን ያሳያል ፡፡

በአብይ ዘመን ኦሮሞዎች ከፍተኛ ጭቆና እና ከባድ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች አጋጥመውታል ፡፡ በግንቦት ወር አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል የመንግስት ሃይሎችን “ቤቶችን ወደ መሬት ማቃጠል ፣ ያለአግባብ አፈፃፀም ፣ አስገድዶ መድፈር ፣ የዘፈቀደ እስራት እና እስራት ፣ አንዳንድ ጊዜ መላ ቤተሰቦችን ጨምሮ እጅግ አሰቃቂ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች” ሲል ከሰሰ ፡ ከዚያን ጊዜ ጀምሮ በበርካታ የኦሮሚያ አካባቢዎች ያለው ሁኔታ ተባብሷል ፣ በተለይም ሀአካሉ ሁንዴሳአ ከተገደለ ወዲህ ፡፡ የአብይ እና የፒ.ፒ ባለሥልጣናት በታዋቂው ዘፋኝ ግድያ ላይ የኦሮሞ ነፃነት ሰራዊት (ኦነግ) እና ህወሓትን በፍጥነት ለመወንጀል ፈጣን ነበሩ ፡፡

መንግስት የሃካአሉን ግድያ ተከትሎ የተከሰተውን ቁጣ እና አመፅ በመጠቀም ሁለቱን ዋና የኦሮሞ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ማለትም የኦሮሞ ፌዴራሊስት ኮንግረስ (ኦፌኮ) እና ኦነግን በርካታ ታዋቂ አመራሮችን በቁጥጥር ስር አውሏል ፡ መስሪያ ቤቶቻቸውን በመዝጋት በመላ ሀገሪቱ ብዙ መሪዎቻቸውን እና አባሎቻቸውን በማሰር ኦፌኮ ከቀጣዩ ምርጫ ለማግለል ያለውን ፍላጎት ይፋ አደረገ ፡፡

ኦነግ እና የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት

የኦሮሞን የፖለቲካ ፣ የባህልና የኢኮኖሚ ጭቆና ለማስቆም በ 1970 ዎቹ የተቋቋመው ኦነግ ለኦሮሞ የራስን ዕድል በራስ የመወሰን መብት ለማግኘት ይታገላል ፡፡ ከዚያን ጊዜ ጀምሮ ተከታታይ የኢትዮጵያ ገዢዎች ቡድኑን ለማጥፋት ሞክረዋል ፡፡ በእርግጥ ፣ በሕወሃት የሚመራው የኢሕአፓ አንኳር አባል እንደመሆኑ ለዓመታት ኦነግን በመሰለል ቡድኑን ለመተባበር ወይም ለመንቀል ሲሞክሩ ቆይተዋል ፡፡

እ.ኤ.አ በ 1991 ኦነግ የመንግስቱ ኃይለማርያምን የኮሚኒስት አገዛዝ ከገረሰሰ የነፃነት ግንባሮች ሰፈሮች መካከል ነበር ፡፡ የብዙ አገራት ፌዴራሊዝም እንዲጀመርም የጀመረው የኢትዮጵያ የሽግግር መንግሥት አካል ነበር ፡፡ ሆኖም በኦነግ ውስጥ የኦነግ ድጋፍ በሕወሃት ቁጥጥር ስር ባለዉ የኦሮሞ ሕዝቦች ዴሞክራሲያዊ ድርጅት (ኦሕዴድ) ተወዳዳሪ የማይሆን ሆኖ ሲገኝ ፣ ሕወሃት ኦነግን ከሽግግር አደረጃጀቱ አስወጣ ፡፡

ኢህአዴግም ኦነግን ለማጥፋት የተቃጠለ የምድር ዘመቻ ጀመረ ፡፡ ብዙዎቹ ከፍተኛ አመራሮቹ ተገደሉ ፣ ብዙዎች ተሰወሩ ፣ በአስር ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የኦነግ አመራሮች እና አባላት ወደ ወህኒ ወርደዋል ወይም ተሰደዋል ፡፡ የቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ በአንድ ወቅት “እያንዳንዱን ኦሮሞን ብትቧጭ ኦነግ ታገኛለህ” ሲሉ ዋናውን የአብይ አባል የነበሩበት ኢህአደግ ኦነግን እንደ ሰበብ በመጠቀም ለሶስት አስርት ዓመታት ያህል ተቃዋሚ ኦሮሞን ሁሉ በመቆጣጠር ተቆጣጠረ ፡፡ ”- ለብዙዎች የእውነተኛ ህይወት ውጤት ያስከተለ የጋራ አጋንንታዊ ድርጊት። እ.ኤ.አ በ 2008 (እ.ኤ.አ.) የቀድሞው የህወሃት ከፍተኛ አመራሮች የኦሮሞ ብሔርተኞች በተመጣጠነ ኢላማነት ምክንያት የኢትዮጵያ “እስር ቤቶች አፋን ኦሮሞን ይናገራሉ” ሲሉ አስተያየታቸውን ሰጥተዋል ፡

የኦሮሞን ጭቆና እና መቀጠል መቀጠል የህወሃትን የበላይነት ያስቆመ እና ለአብይ መነሳት መንገድ የከፈተውን የተቃውሞ ሰልፎች (2014-2018) አቀጣጠለ ፡፡ አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር የህወሓትን ሰላይ በመሆን ቡድኑን ለማስወገድ የሠሩትን ሥራ እየቀጠሉ ነው ፡፡

ኦነግ እ.ኤ.አ. በ 2018 ልክ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ እንደተመለሰ የአብይ መንግስት በኢህአዲግ ዘመን የነበረውን የድርጅቱን አደገኛ እና ጠበኛ ምስል መልሷል ፡፡ በኦሮሚያ ክልል ውስጥ ለተፈጠረው ከፍተኛ ትርምስ እና አለመረጋጋት ኦነግን ለመወንጀል የሞከረው በተመሳሳይ መንገድ ህወሃትን እንደከሰሰው ነው ፡፡ በእርግጥ መንግስትም ኦነግን ከህወሃት ጋር በማያያዝ ሁለቱ አገሪቱን ለማተራመስ አብረው የሚሰሩ ናቸው ሲል ተከራክሯል ፡፡

መንግሥት ሕወሓትን እና ኦነግን ያለ ምንም ምክንያት ኢትዮጵያን ለማተራመስ ጽንፈኛ ፣ ዓመፀኛና ምክንያታዊ ያልሆኑ አካላት ሲኦል አድርገው ለመድገም ሞክረዋል ፡፡ የፓርላማ አባላት በቅርቡ ባደረጉት ስብሰባ መንግስት ለሁለቱም አካላት በሽብርተኛነት እንዲሰየም ጥሪ አቅርበዋል ፡፡ አብይ በትግራይ ያደረገው ጦርነት እና ኦነግ እንዲወገድ ያቀረበው ጥሪ በማደግ ላይ ባለው የግለሰባዊ አምባገነን አገዛዝ ላይ የተቃውሞ ወንጀልን የማጥፋት እና የማጥፋት አካሄድ አንዱ አካል ነው ፡፡

ዛሬ ባለሥልጣናት ለየትኛውም የተቃውሞ አስተያየት ለኦነግ ድጋፍ በመወንጀል ምላሽ ይሰጣሉ ፡፡ የአገሪቱን አቅጣጫ በተመለከተ ጥያቄ የሚያነሱ የአከባቢው ባለሥልጣናት የኦነግ አባላት ወይም ደጋፊዎች በመሆናቸው ተከሰው ታስረዋል ፡፡ ልክ እንደ ዐብይ ዘመን ሁሉ የኦነግን ድጋፍ ክሶች በኦሮሚያ ውስጥ የፖለቲካ ተቃዋሚዎችን ለማስፈራራት ፣ ለመቆጣጠር እና ለመቅጣት መሠረት እየሆኑ ነው ፡፡

የአስመራው ስምምነት 

ከሁለት አስርት ዓመታት በላይ በግዞት ከተሰደደ በኋላ ኦነግ በ 2018 ደስታውን ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ተመልሷል ፡፡ በሚሊዮኖች የሚቆጠሩ አድናቂዎች ፓርቲውን በዋና ከተማዋ አዲስ አበባ በደስታ ተቀብለውታል ፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ፓርላማም ቡድኑ ለምርጫ ለመዘጋጀት መንገዱን በማመቻቸት “የሽብርተኛ” ድንጋጌን አንስቷል ፡፡

ለሶስት አስርት ዓመታት ያህል ከስደት እና ከብዙ መከፋፈል በኋላ ኦነግ የነበረበት የአንድ ጊዜ አስፈሪ ድርጅት ጥላ ነው ፡፡ ሆኖም ፣ በኦሮሞ ህዝብ መካከል ወደር የማይገኝለት ስሜታዊ ትስስር አለው ፡፡ አብይ ገና ከመጀመሪያው ቡድኑን እንዳያግደው አድርጓል ፡፡ መንግስት ከቡድኑ ጋር ያደረገው የሰላም ስምምነት ቀለሙ ሳይደርቅ እንኳን በውዝግብ የታጀበ ነበር ፡፡

የኦነግ አመራሮች ወደ አዲስ አበባ መመለሳቸው በተቃውሞ ሰልፎች እና ከዚያ በኋላ የተከሰቱ ሁነቶች አጋጥመውታል ፣ አብዛኛው ደግሞ የኋላ ኋላ በክልል ተዋንያን የተቀነባበረ ይመስላል ፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ብሄርተኞች ኦነግን እንደ መገንጠል ንቅናቄ እና የመጨረሻው የፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነት መገለጫ አድርገው ይመለከቱታል ፡፡ ኢሕአፓ ፀረ-ኦነግን ስሜት በከተማ ቁንጮዎች ልብና አእምሮ ውስጥ ሲቆፍር ለአስርተ ዓመታት አሳል spentል ፡፡

የአብይ የብልጽግና ፓርቲ (ኦ.ፒ.) ኦሮሞዎች ኦነግን የሚመለከቱበትን ከፍተኛ ክብር እና በእንደዚህ ያለ አስፈሪ ተቃዋሚ ላይ የምርጫ ውድድርን ማሸነፍ እንደማይችል ያውቅ ነበር ፡ ሆኖም ወርቅነህ ተሾመ በቅርቡ እንዳመለከተው ፣ በኦሮሚያ ውስጥ ያሉ የፒ.ፒ. ካድሬዎች መጀመሪያ ቡድኑን የሚቋቋሙ ይመስላሉ ፡ በሰላም ስምምነቱ አፈፃፀም ላይ በተከሰሱ ክሶች መካከል ግንኙነቶች በፍጥነት ተበላሹ ፡፡ የምርጫ ቦርድ ቡድኑን ለምርጫ የምስክር ወረቀት ያቀረበውን አጠናቋል ፡፡ ኦነግ ሙሉ ትጥቅ ለማስፈታት ተለዋጭ ሆነ ፡፡ ፒ.ፒ ከኦሮሞ ፌዴራሊስት ኮንግረስ (ኦፌኮ) እና ከሌሎች የኦሮሞ ፓርቲዎች ጋር ጥምረት ለመፍጠር የኦነግን ጥረትም በድንጋይ ተወነ ፡፡

ኦነግ በመጨረሻ ተጸጽቶ የኦነግ አመፀኞችን ኃላፊነት ለአባ ጋዳ ምክር ቤት አስረከበ ፡፡ የምርጫ ቦርድ የምስክር ወረቀቱን አፀደቀ ፡፡ ኦኤልኤን ትጥቅ ለማስፈታት በሻምብሊክ ሙከራዎች ከወደቁ በኋላ ፒፒ እና ኦነግ እንደገና በመላ ኦሮሚያ ዙሪያ የወረዳ ቢሮዎችን መክፈት ሲጀምሩ እንደገና መጋጨት ጀመሩ ፡፡

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን ጨምሮ የፒ.ፒ አመራሮች ኦነግ ለሁለቱም ወገኖች ለመጫወት እየሞከረ ነው ሲሉ መክሰሱን ቀጠሉ-ለአመፅ ድጋፍ መስጠቱን የቀጠለ ሲሆን ለምርጫ ውድድርም እየተዘጋጁ ነው ፡፡ የኦነግ አመራሮች ክሱን አስተባብለዋል ፡፡ ከዚያ እስሩ ተጀመረ ፡፡ በጥቅምት ወር የፒ.ፒ ባለሥልጣናት በኦነግ ውስጥ የውስጥ መፈንቅለትን በመንደፍ የቡድኑን ለረጅም ጊዜ ሊቀመንበር የነበሩትን አቶ ዳውድ ኢብሳ በግልፅ በመደገፍ እና በፓርቲው ውስጥ ላሉት ከዳተኞች አካላት የጥቃት ድጋፍ በመስጠት ላይ ይገኛሉ ፡፡

የአብይ መንግስት “የኦነግ ሽፍቶች” ን በማደን ስም በትግራይ ጦርነት ጀርባ በኦሮሞው ላይ የሚፈጽመውን እርምጃ አጠናክሮ ቀጥሏል ፣ ልጆቻቸውም አመፀኞቹን ተቀላቀሉ የተባሉ ወላጆችን እንኳን በቁጥጥር ስር በማዋል ህገ-ወጥ የሰዓት እላፊ እና ወጣቶችን ያለአግባብ መግደል ጀምረዋል ፡፡ የኦሮሚያ ፖሊስ በኅዳር ወር ከመገናኛ ብዙሃን ትኩረት ውጭ ከ 370 በላይ ታጣቂዎችን መግደሉን አስታውቋል ፡፡ በታህሳስ ወር መጀመሪያ ላይ በኦሮሚያ የሚገኙ የፒ.ፒ ተወካዮች በምስራቅ ሀረርጌ ዞን የኦነግ አባላትን ጨምሮ 473 ተጠርጣሪዎች መሳሪያ መያዛቸውን እና ማሰራታቸውን የገለጹ ሲሆን ቡድኑ በሁሉም የኦሮሚያ ዞኖች ውስጥ መገኘቱን ያሳያል ፡፡

አብይ የኢትዮጵያን የዴሞክራሲያዊ ሽግግር ዕድል አባከነ ፡፡ አገሪቱ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ግዙፍ የፖለቲካ እና ማህበራዊ ስብጥር ላይ ነች ፡፡ በትግራይ የተደረገው ጦርነት እና የታጋሩ አስተባባሪ የብሄር መገለጫ የኢትዮጵያን ብሄራዊ ጨርቃ ጨርቅ በአንድ ላይ የሚሸምነውን ክር ቀጋ ፡፡ ከዚህ ጦርነት በኋላ ኢትዮጵያ መቼም ቢሆን ለትግራዮች ተመሳሳይ አትሆንም ፡፡

በሞያሌ ውስጥ መንሸራተት አብይ ኦሮሞን በሕገ-ወጥ መንገድ ለመዘርጋት ያለውን ፍላጎት ያሳያል ፡፡ አቢይ በዚህ የጭቆናና የግፍ ጎዳና ከቀጠለ የስልጣን ዘመናቸውን የሚጎዱ የዓመፅ ዘሮችን በመትከል በመጨረሻም የኢትዮጵያን ግዛት መበታተን ያበስራል ፡፡ የደርግም ሆነ የኢህአዲግ አገዛዝ እራሳቸውን የማይበገሩ እንደሆኑ አድርገው በማየት የኢትዮጵያን መንግስት በአደገኛ ሁኔታ ወደ ቁርጥራጭነት አቀረቡ ፡፡ አብይ የታሪክ ትምህርቶችን ልብ ማለት አለበት ፡

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London Protest Against the War in Tigray announced for tomorrow

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Betlehem Tefesa Book: I and my LTV Testimonies

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Oromo Protest

Oromiyaa keessa hokkoorri hammatee jira har’a muddee 5 /Galgala sa’aatii 8 :00 tti akka baha afrikaatti sa’aatii 2:00tti Sochiin yaada dhiyeeffachuu karaa Tiwiteeraa waan adeemsifamuuf qophooftaanii jirtuu? Erga kanaa waliif qooduudhaan hiriyoota keessaan walitti irratti hirmaachuudhaaf qophaa’aa! #OromoProtest irratti cuqasuudhaan yaada keessaan addunyaaf ibsaa. Tokkummaadhaan falmaadhaa haqa oromoo addunyaatti mul’isaa yakkaa mootummaa abbaa irree Abiy saaxiluudhaan suuraan deegaruudhaan argisiisaa midiyaalee hawwaachaa tokkummaadhaan to’adhaa! Injiffannoon ummata oromoof

There is a crisis in Oromia! * Today * December 5 EST / 5 pm GMT / 8 pm Join our campaign to start in East Africa (around 2pm in Oromia / Ethiopia). are you ready? Republish this and 2 friends who want to see this in the comments go back to the #OromoProtests

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Oromo Protest

በኦሮሚያ ውስጥ ቀውስ አለ! * ዛሬ * ዲሴምበር 5 ከምሽቱ 12 ሰዓት EST / 5 pm GMT / 8 pm ምስራቅ አፍሪካ (በኦሮሚያ / ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ 2 ሰዓት አካባቢ) የሚጀምረውን ዘመቻችንን በመቀላቀል መልእክቱን ያሰራጩ ፡፡ ተዘጋጅተካል? ይህንን በድጋሜ ያትሙ እና ይህንን በአስተያየቶች ውስጥ ማየት የሚፈልጉ 2 ጓደኛዎችን ወደኋላ መመለስ ጠቋሚውን #OromoProtests

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Balaan Ibiddaa Ameerikaa kutaa Kaaliforniyaa ganda Oreenjiitti mudate ammayyuu utuu hin to’atamiin jira

Ibiddi mana maatii tokkoo ka’ee kun humna ol babbal’achuu balaa hedduu qaqqabsiisa kan jiru yoo ta’u namootni kumaatamaan lakka’aaman naannoo sana gadhiisaani akka deemaan hoggantootni ajaajuu fi ogeessonni ibidda dhaamsan 500 ol irratti hirmaataniis hanga ammatti to’ataanii dhaamsuun hin dandeenye.

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Mormiin Naannoo Tigray keessaatti dhohee oole; lolli waraana mootummaa fi waraana naannoo Tigray jidduutti cimee kan itti fufe yoo ta’u; Mootummoonni Gamtoomaan bilbilli naannoo tigiray keessatti iddootti akka deebi’uuf mootummaa itiyoophiyaa irratti dhiibba gochaa jiru

Mootummaan magaala maqalee to’achuu erga beeksise as mormiin uumataa yeroo jalqabaatiif har’a dhohee jira. Kunis yakkaa guyyaa guyyaan waraanni mootummaa jiraatoota irratti rawwatuu fi sarbaa mirga namoomaa geggeessaa jiru dura dhaabachuudhaan fincila diddaa garbummaa fi falmi mirga ofiin of bulchuu akkasumas hiree ofiin murteeffannaa uumata Tigiray haalan kan calaqisisee ture. Uumanni sodaa du’aa fi dararama waraanan isaan irra gahe of irra finciluuf siyaasa Uumanni Tigiray raayya ittisa biyyaa wajjin dhaabatan jedhu kan falleessee fi soba ta’uu isaa ifatti baasee kan mul’ise dha. Akka odeeffannoon achi irra arganne ibsutti akkasumas obboo Geetachoo Raddaa karaa foodda Televiziyoona Naannoo Sagalee wayyaanee fi Televizina Tigiray kennetti wal waraansi fi wal dura dhaabbannaan qamoota hidhatan laman jidduutti jiru cimee kan itti fufee fi ibsi Muummichi ministeera Abiy Ahmaad tibba darbe waraana xumurree injifannoo gonfannerra jedhu mamii keessa kan galee fi waraanni gaggamaa namoota nagaa irra gahu amma illee kan itti fufe jiruu ta’uu fi mootummoonni Gamtooman ibsa dhiyeenya baaseen sararri bilbilaa naannoo Tigiray keessatti adda citee ture atattamaan akka iddootti deebifamu mootummaa itiyoophiyaa akeekkachiisuun ibsamee jira.

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Eritrea activists Call for demonstration in Washington DC.

Purpose of the call

1- To raise awareness about the grave danger Eritrean refugees facing in Tigray,#Ethiopia.

2- To demand the “govt” of Eritrea to withdraw its soldiers from Tigray

3- All @AbiyAhmedAli‘s forces to withdraw from #Eritrea.

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Jawar Mohammed: The war in Tigray is a result of Ethiopia’s mismanaged transition

Jawar Mohammed: The war in Tigray is a result of Ethiopia’s mismanaged transition

The myriad political problems facing Ethiopia cannot be resolved through a war. To prevent further mayhem, the international community and regional players should exert maximum pressure on all parties for an immediate ceasefire and all-inclusive national dialogue.

Ethiopia is back in the global spotlight once again with the outbreak of the war in Tigray. I am saddened but not surprised. For anyone with a cursory understanding of the fragility of Ethiopia’s transitional politics, the escalation of tensions between the federal government and the Tigray state into a full-blown military conflict does not come as a surprise. The tell-tale signs were there for everyone to see as the warring parties openly prepared their respective forces for the eventuality of an all-out armed confrontation.

While the specter of war had been hanging over our heads for at least two solid years, the weeks before the formal commencement of the war were particularly alarming. As antagonisms between the federal government and the Tigray state reached a climax, federal and Tigray state media outlets regularly showed military parades, highly drilled commando paratrooper units, and red-beret Special Forces performed in mock-operations in an apparent show of force. All indications were that clashes were in the offing in a not so distant future. Then came November 4, 2020: The country woke up to the news of yet another deadly war.

We, in the Oromo Protest movement, had precisely anticipated this danger long before the drums of war began to reverberate between Finfinne and Mekelle, and put a considerable amount of effort in a desperate attempt to avert the unfortunate bloodshed. Regrettably, all political actors and outside stakeholders -including us- failed to prevent the war despite having ample time and incentive to do so in what now appears to be a collective failure of imagination. But why did we fail?

Below I will highlight some of our efforts and reflection as to why we could not attain the desired outcome in the interests of setting the record straight and as a useful lesson as we continue to navigate the treacherous terrains of Ethiopia’s utterly mismanaged political transition. Note that since I don’t have access to my journal and other useful reference materials as I sit inside the four walls of a prison cell, I rely on retrieved recollections from memory to outline the sequence of events on the topic.

Long before Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed emerged as chairman of the then ruling coalition and eventually took over the stewardship of the transitional process -in fact way before the Oromo Protests erupted- we knew that one of our main tasks was designing a strategy to dislodge the principal handlers of the authoritarian regime from power without plunging what was already a polarized country into a civil war, or even worse, without turning it into a failed state.

We believed that the process of inducing change into a minority-dominated authoritarian rule and its aftermath would have extremely dangerous consequences if not carefully handled. Our fear of a carelessly handled regime change possibly leading to a civil war and/or state collapse, was based on the following assessments of present and historical factors.

History of Ethiopian state formation

Ethiopia is a polity created via the conquest of various national groups, and the successive nation-building projects attempted through forced assimilationist policies aborted with the rise of the national question. The last attempt at nation and state-building through the formation of a multinational federation was also undermined by the authoritarian nature of the regime. Thus, the failure to build a state whose legitimacy is unquestioned by constituent national groups led to the birth of competing nationalisms.

In such a situation, the contest between the power holders and its challengers is highly likely to take an ethnic dimension as each side taps into those competing nationalist narratives, paving way for horizontal conflicts among various national groups. By the time we were designing the strategy against the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), these competing nationalisms were already robust and institutionalized. The risk for horizontal conflicts to arise and transform into a civil war was very high.

Nature of the regime 

EPRDF was dominated by the coalition’s senior partner, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), whose political base is a minority ethno-linguistic group representing merely six percent of Ethiopia’s population. When such minority political groups disproportionately dominate power, as much as holding power yields disproportionate material and sentimental dividend to members and affiliates of this group, the loss of this power or threat thereof, poses perceived or real existential threat both to their accumulated wealth and/or to their safety.

Although authoritarian rules of this type mostly enrich only a small clique of voracious sharks in the upper echelons of power, the fear of existential threat is usually shared by the rank and file within the party structure as well as by the entire population from which the dominant group hails.

The power holding political elite also tap into this fear to mobilize the mass and thereby insulate themselves from potential harm. Given this scenario, power contestations between those in power and their challengers could easily turn into a horizontal ethnic conflict. The fact that institutions of the federal government were dominated by elites of TPLF’s minority group meant that such a sense of existential threat and subsequent horizontal conflict could fracture those institutions, risking state collapse. I have written about this in 2010 on Tigrayan Nationalism. Our concern was exacerbated when we witnessed events in Syria and how a threatened power holding minority could wreak havoc, as I argued here in September 2012.

The above factors weighed heavy on our minds when designing a strategy to induce change towards a democratic transition in Ethiopia. The core principles of our strategic approach were as follows:

  1. While demanding that the TPLF cede power by mounting pressure through popular protests that indicated that change was inevitable, we also advocated that they should be given assurances against a punitive redistribution of wealth, aggressive persecution, and prosecution for past crimes should they give up federal power without further bloodshed. The assurances would also include a guarantee of autonomy for the Tigray Regional State so it could continue to be protected by federal forces against external threats. It was agreed to clearly and repeatedly communicate this to them formally and informally.We were very much aware of the gross human rights violations and corruption the TPLF dominated EPRDF had been engaged in. After all, Oromos and Oromia were the primary victims of brutality and exploitation. Yet, as painful as it is, we felt that sacrificing justice would be necessary to avoid a catastrophic civil war and broaden the chance for the transition into a sustainable democratic system.
  2. To reinforce this assurance and reduce uncertainty, it was believed that we should adopt a non-violent popular movement rather than an armed struggle. We believed civil disobedience posed less existential threat than armed confrontations. Furthermore, the transition should be through reform rather than overthrowing the regime entirely, and that is it should be led by reform-minded elements or factions within the ruling party who hold onto power rather than the opposition. We thought it would be simpler to assuage fears by the TPLF leadership of aggressive persecution, if they relinquished power to members of their ruling coalition than opposition groups that they considered more hostile.
  3. During the resistance movement, civilian members of the minority group should be protected to reduce the development of a sense of collective insecurity among the Tigrayan people. This was effectively implemented during the four and half years of the Oromo Protest. No Tigrayan was harmed by protesters. Even senior political and security elites were spared from direct attack. These strategies worked better than we could hope for. The resistance movement overall cost us thousands of lives but the TPLF finally understood that it was no longer tenable to cling on to power in the face of mounting pressure. The leaders wisely accepted the golden parachute, agreeing to hand over power to then OPDO, and retreated to their home state.

It all went according to plan thus far but our scheme had a second phase. The first, as discussed above, was dislodging the TPLF from power without causing a civil war in the process. The second phase was reintegrating and reconciling TPLF members to be part of the new democratic multinational federation. We believed that reconciling and reintegrating them was as crucial for the success of the transition as carefully dislodging them from power was.

It was the failure to effectively implement this second phase that significantly contributed to the current crisis. There are many reasons and enough blame to go around on why this phase failed. From my perspective, the following are a few of them:

  1. The plan to implement the second phase began to falter from the very beginning of the transition. On the eve of the transition, tension began to increase between TPLF hardliners and the incoming reformist team. At the ruling coalition council’s meeting convened to elect new leadership, the TPLF lodged a harsh and abusive criticism on the designated chairman and Prime Minister-elect, Abiy Ahmed, and went as far as refusing to cast even a single of their 45 votes for him. This created a bitter rift between the group that needed to be reconciled and the person responsible for presiding over the reintegration process.
  2. Another reason is that those tasked with implementing the second phase had different understandings, motivations, and tactics from those who planned it. In other words, those who came to power to lead the transition and those at the forefront of the protest movement had a different understanding of the way forward. The freshly minted “reformist” leaders saw the TPLF as a mortal threat to consolidating power rather than an old regime that could be useful to facilitate the transition process if properly reconciled with and reintegrated into the plan.Part of the problem was that individuals who came to play a decisive role in government were not active participants in the negotiations that led to the transition – not only did they not share our concerns nor did they feel that they should abide by the terms of those agreements. Instead of actively reassuring TPLFites and the larger Tigrayan elite, they pursued aggressive purging, harsh criticisms of their track records, and persecution of many key members of the TPLF including army generals and businesses. This led the TPLF and majority Tigrayan elites to believe they were deceived into giving up power with false promises strengthening the position of hardliners and silencing moderates.They immediately resorted to aggressive and combative rhetoric, having felt that they immediately became a target despite holding onto their end of the bargain to relinquish power. Their fear was exacerbated by how the peace deal with Eritrea was handled. Their exclusion from the peacemaking process with their archenemy made the TPLF feel the reproach was motivated by the desire to create an alliance against them rather than a sincere effort to end the decade’s long hostility between the two countries.Those who ascended to federal power also had reasons to feel insecure and threatened by TPLF’s deep state. They suspected TPLF operatives to be behind several acts of violence, such as communal clashes and the attempted assassination of Abiy himself. For the new power holders, the TPLF was sabotaging the reform effort as a means of blackmailing and undermining the federal government. The TPLF did not do much to reassure them either. In fact, harsh criticisms forwarded by some of its senior officials against the Prime Minister further heightened the sense of insecurity by the central government.The grenade attack at the rally organized in support of the new Prime Minister in June of 2018 was officially blamed on former chief of intelligence, Getachew Assefa, yet he was re-elected to the Executive Committee in a clear act of aggression. The fact that key elites in both camps had known each other for long has also resulted in personalized animosity. More importantly, leaders of the two sides grew up under an authoritarian culture where imposing one’s views and interests on the other with the use of force was a norm, and reaching compromises to bridge differences was regarded as a sign of weakness.
  3. It was obvious that the ruling coalition needed to reform, or at least rebrand itself, to remain in power and remain relevant. In fact, the coalition partners had agreed to reform the party even before the transition had begun. It was also obvious that TPLF’s dominant role would be reduced to reflect the new power order. And such reduction of power would create sour feelings in various sectors, hence the need for careful negotiations, power bargains, and discussions. Yet no such negotiations and discussions were undertaken during the early period of the transition.

On the contrary, such possibilities were deliberately avoided in favor of false harmony. For instance, at the 11th EPRDF Congress in Hawassa, the TPLF gave 100% of its vote to PM Abiy to continue as chairman of the coalition; this was despite their increasing resentment and fear towards his actions such as the purging of Tigrayan security and military officials and his right-wing leaning political rhetoric that contradicted EPRDF’s core leftist ideology and the perceived threat Abiy’s rhetoric carried to their regional autonomy.

During the early months of the transition, at the time when deeper discussion and negotiations were needed, the coalition stopped its usual culture of holding regular meetings and debates guided by the coalition’s principles of ‘democratic centralism’ in which differences are supposed to be ironed out internally rather than exposed to the public.

The EPRDF’s Executive Committee of the 36 powerful individuals rarely met. Even the crucial issue of merging the party, which was agreed upon in Hawassa, was avoided until the last minute. There was no real and genuine discussion and negotiation about the matter. When the issue was finally tabled, it was presented as a take it or leave it to matter on both sides with no desire for finding a middle ground.

Instead of negotiations, power bargains, and persuasions, deceptions and threats were deployed in public from both sides. After such a badly managed merger affair, the bond that tied the Tigray region and the new power holders in the federal government was all but severed. In a polity where a single party rule from federal to village level was the norm, two parties with an ugly break up began ruling the federal and regional governments, making their relationship more cumbersome than that between two sovereign countries hostile to one another. After the merger fiasco, the enmity between the two sides became official and preparations to forcefully assert their respective interests began to be pursued publicly.

The relationship between the two had been severely damaged way before the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic. As I have argued in several interviews the two sides were already preparing for war long before election politics gripped public consciousness.

One could safely argue that the election postponement was a missed opportunity to reset the relationship and to negotiate an amicable political settlement but the two sides only used it as an opportunity to further de-legitimize each other as they prepared behind the scenes for today’s armed showdown. The postponement might have sped up the war, but for anyone closely observing Ethiopia, it was obvious that the two sides had made up their mind to settle their differences by the barrel of the gun rather than around the negotiating table. The writing was on the wall.

In the absence of mutually reassuring communication and negotiation, insecurity on both sides, that is TPLF’s fear of retribution for past misdeeds and Abiy’s concern of losing control due to acts of sabotage by TPLF’s deep state was worsening. Hence each side focused on taking defensive actions to neutralize perceived threats. Abiy by purging them from security and bureaucracy and TPLF by building its military capability and attempting to broaden its political and security alliance outside Tigray.

The securitization of the relationship facilitated for hardliners to dominate TPLF’s decision making while pushing Abiy and the federal government to rely on and come under increasing influence personalities and entities that advocated violent resolution of the TPLF issue. Sadly, international actors, perhaps underestimating the likelihood of a war breaking out, did little to diffuse the ever-growing tension. Even worse some foreign states and ambassadors took sides emboldening the quarreling forces to be more aggressive and combative.

Thus, the war in Tigray did not suddenly erupt due to the attacks on the Northern Command of the National Defense Forces. The Northern Command has been a hostage of the Finfinne – Mekele political gridlock for the last two years. The Tigray regional government had openly declared that no weapon could leave the region and the army’s movement had been severely restricted. As the tension increased, Tigray feared the federal government would use the Northern Command to forcefully take over the region from within the territory, while the federal authorities were worried that the heavy armament in possession of the Northern Command could be used by the TPLF to launch an attack not only within the regional state but even on the center.

In other words, the Northern Command was seen as a crucial element that could tip the balance of force in the power struggle between Finfinne and Mekelle. After squandering opportunities to negotiate a mutually reassuring deal during the early months of the transition and with external actors fanning the tension rather than pressing for resolution, the war was inevitable.

Finally, at the risk of self-praise, let me highlight some of those little efforts. As one of the people involved in designing the Oromo Protests strategies, I spent a considerable amount of time pondering, writing, and speaking to stakeholders about how to dislodge TPLF from power and safely reintegrate them. I played an active role in the first phase – in dislodging the TPLF – and tried to play a bit of an advisory (mediator) role in the second.

In the first phase, I had direct participation in the discussions and negotiations. In the second phase, I tried to urge the two sides charged with the matter to take reconciliation and reintegration as a priority. For instance, when PM Abiy and President Lamma came to the US, one of the main topics of our discussion was how to handle the TPLF conundrum.

Having had a positive reaction from them, I called President Debretsion while Abiy and Lemma were still in the U.S. and explained to him the urgency of this task. I also informed both Abiy and Debretsion that activists and public intellectuals would wage campaigns to shape public opinions in favor of reconciliation and reintegration. To work towards this end we would travel to Mekelle right after my return to Ethiopia. Both sides thought this was a good idea.

Upon my return, I communicated with both sides to arrange the trip to Mekelle. Those in Finfinne advised me to travel to Bahir Dar first to prevent possible suspicion and negative reactions from the Amhara side. Mekelle also agreed and I first traveled to Bahir Dar. However, my travel to Mekelle was repeatedly delayed and postponed primarily as the relationship between the two sides deteriorated. Those at the federal government were reluctant while Mekelle also grew suspicious of our true intentions. The plan was finally canceled when the former spy chief, Getachew Assefa, was elected to TPLF’s Executive Committee (EC) in defiance of the federal government’s arrest warrant against him.

Although the plan to travel to Mekelle to help with public opinion did not materialize, I did not give up lobbying for the two sides to solve their differences through negotiations. That tragic day the chief of armed forces and the president of the Amhara region were assassinated, I was extremely alarmed by how state media in Amhara and Tigray regional states were fanning the tension. I decided to reach out to veterans of the ANDM and TPLF in the respective regional states to plead with them to tone down the hostility and honor the martyrs of both sides.

This conversation developed into an idea of veteran politicians, drawn both from the EPRDF and opposition side, conducting back door negotiations between Mekelle and Finfinne to facilitate formal negotiations among the officials. Six individuals from both sides were selected. The plan was endorsed both by PM Abiy and president Debretsion. But for reasons I still don’t know it was abandoned before any face-to-face meeting was held. After the effort failed, I realized any effort to solve the problem amicably would prove futile. When we talked to them, officials of the two sides were more interested in soliciting our support for the inevitable confrontation.

Reconciliation and reintegration of TPLF was one of the primary focuses of my advocacy when meeting foreign diplomats as well. For instance, a few days after returning to Ethiopia I had meetings with ambassadors of some 20 countries including that of the U.S. and the European Union. In those meetings, I emphasized the crucial importance of resolving the TPLF/ Tigray issue for the success of the transition and emphasized that failure to reconcile would have serious ramifications for the country and regional stability. I urged these diplomats to put pressure on both sides to negotiate. In several meetings with foreign diplomats and officials in the last two and half years in the Horn Region, Europe, and the US, I have been pleading the same point, but I am not sure if it was taken seriously.

Conclusion

We dreamed of and planned for a peaceful transition to democracy. Nonviolently dislodging and then reintegrating the power holders in TPLF’s base was the centerpiece of our plan. We strongly believed successfully dislodging followed by reconciliation would be an essential component of not only successfully transitioning Ethiopia to democracy but also building on the multinational federal state by avoiding falling back into a catastrophic civil war. It did not work as we hoped.

While our plans to weaken and dislodge the TPLF turned out to be more successful than we had anticipated, efforts to reintegrate them into the transitional set up proved inadequate, forcing us to confront our worst fear – a civil war. Ironically, we choose to let EPRDF, the party that tyrannically ruled, continue to lead the transition believing that opposition taking over through regime change carries more risk of war.

Yet it is the split within the ruling coalition that brought about what we hoped to avoid. This reminds me of what the chairman of Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC), Professor Merera Gudina, said at the start of the transition that ‘Abiy’s main difficulty was managing the EPRDF rather than dealing with the opposition’ or something to that effect.

As I jot down this piece, the war is raging and the federal government has said it was marching to capture Mekelle. Regardless of which side wins in key battlefronts or the war itself, it’s obvious that Ethiopia loses on multiple fronts. Even before the war erupted the much-hoped-for transition was severely harmed by confrontations of the two sides and several other factors.

The main reason why we wanted to ease out TPLF with the offer of a golden parachute – assuring them that they would not be targets of vengeful persecutions and punitive redistribution of wealth, they would preserve their regional autonomy as well as receive protection from foreign adversaries – was to save the federation from eventual fragmentation.

We operated with a working assumption that any perception of an existential threat by the TPLF, which dominated the political and security apparatus of the Ethiopian state for almost three decades, could lead to the collapse of some of the federal institutions it built and held together. A look into the impact this war is having on the cohesion of the Ethiopian army provides a glimpse into the disastrous outcome of this fallout.

The war in Tigray is a direct result of a poorly managed transition into a democratic dispensation, which should not be viewed as an isolated problem. It is a tragic collective failure of the country’s political leadership – all of us, not just Abiy and the TPLF. There is enough blame to go around. One person or party could bear larger or lesser responsibilities but we all played a role. Through our acts of omission and commission, we squandered this great opportunity for a peaceful democratic transition and placed the country at a horrible civil war that could rip it apart.

From my prison cell, I cannot pretend to be up to speed with everyday developments on the war and the efforts of external actors to end it before it causes irreversible damage. It would therefore be presumptuous of me to try to offer concrete recommendations with limited information at hand. All I could do for the time being is plead with all sides to give peace a chance; remind various political groups to refrain from fanning the war and instead exert pressure to end the hostility.

Even if this war ends with the defeat of the TPLF leadership, genuine efforts must be made to reconcile and reintegrate the disenfranchised Tigrayan political, security, and economic elites into the country’s governance structures. The defeat of TPLF does not necessarily mean the end of the ‘Tigrayan problem’ for the Ethiopian state. The resurgence of wounded Tigrayan nationalism is inevitable unless extra care is given to avoid the victimization of Tigrayans. For instance, the disputed border between Amhara and Tigray states should be carefully handled not to leave cause for future conflict.

The unfinished issue of the Eritrean border also requires sensitive handling. In both border disputes, a ‘winner takes it all’ approach must be avoided.

The international community and regional players should exert maximum pressure to save this country from further mayhem by insisting on the immediate cessation of hostilities and encouraging Ethiopia’s political forces to resolve their differences through an all-inclusive national dialogue.

Finally, if any actor, be it state or non-state, believes they can achieve victory through a war in this country, they are mistaken. Certainly, one can defeat the other on the battlefield, but neither side would be victorious in building a peaceful and sustainable political order. We are poised to lose the country if we keep insisting on advancing our particular interest through the use of force. In our part, during the Oromo Protests, we consciously chose to wage nonviolent struggle because we believed it would give us a better chance of bringing about a transition to a multinational democratic federal system.

At the OFC, we firmly believe -as always-that nonviolent struggle and an all-inclusive dialogue remain Ethiopia’s best hope to successfully transition into a democratic order, ensure enduring stability and achieve sustainable development, and are committed to abiding by these principles. It has worked for us in the past. We hope it serves us better in the future as well.

Jawar Mohammed
November 2020
Qaliti Federal Prison, Ethiopia

JAWAR MOHAMMED

Jawar Mohammed is a politician and political analyst. He was arrested in July 2020 during the crackdown in the aftermath of the killing of Haacaaluu Hundeessa. He is currently on trial at the federal court in Ethiopia. This article, smuggled out of prison, was shared with the Ambo Tv by a member of his defense team.