Law enforcement action must be in accordance with the law
Surveillance report at 21 police stations in Oromia region
Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) Until January 04, 2013. Regarding the human rights situation of prisoners in Oromia, particularly following the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa.
Repeated complaints from a number of other detainees, including the arrested suspects, “haala yeroo” He monitored 21 selected police stations.
There were reports of numerous human rights violations in the treatment of detainees, although varying from place to place. Many people
They are arrested on suspicion of being “on a case-by-case basis” without a warrant.
Most of them remain in detention beyond the time allowed by law and without trial. In addition, in many police stations, prosecutors issued a “no-confidence motion” due to lack of information, or in accordance with court orders.
The suspects who were to be released were those who had been arbitrarily detained on the grounds that they were the main accomplices or wanted for other crimes. Various police stations
Prisoners arrested on suspicion of “current situation” are being held in zones and At the district level, there are “security councils” (Mana maree nageenyaa)
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they explain. Non-compliance with court orders is still a problem in some parts of the region.
Some of the detainees at the monitored police stations were police officers
During their detention (especially in Oromia Special Forces) as well as at various police stations
They told the monitoring group that they had been beaten, and that their heads, faces, noses, stomachs, legs, teeth, etc. had been damaged. The ISMCO Monitoring Group noted that there were inmates who had sustained injuries, fractures, or blood on their bodies and were temporarily or permanently injured. Arrest of father or mother in some areas Various inmates have been accused of extorting money from their wives and threatening to accuse them of being members of the OLF.
You have filed a complaint. In some police stations, the watchdog group observed detainees who had failed to repay their loans by failing to repay loans from micro and small lenders.
There were female detainees at all police stations under surveillance, including women who claimed to have been arrested on suspicion of a crime or to have another family member who was wanted for a crime. Some of these women are children, ranging in age from 5 months to 10 years. On the other hand, the commission noted that children between the ages of 9 and 18 are being held at various police stations along with adults.
The dormitories at most police stations are overcrowded with detainees. Prisoners told the monitoring group that there were cases of severe overcrowding in some prisons, on the porch during the day and in the night. The monitoring team found that most of the restrooms were severely unhygienic and prone to pests
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Watched. It was also reported that there was a severe shortage of food, as a result of which prisoners were deprived of food, especially due to their isolation and inadequate capacity, as well as water, sanitation, and medical services.
The Oromia Attorney General responded by stating that he had formed an investigation team with the Oromia Police Commission regarding the findings of the commission. In response, he denied that the alleged human rights abuses had taken place and that the commission’s findings were “mostly one-sided information from prisoners and their families.”
It is impossible. ” In addition to information obtained from detainees and their families, ISMCO noted that some of the findings were verified by the monitoring team and representatives of some police stations.
Regarding the detailed response given by the Oromia Attorney General on various issues, the responses are included in this follow-up report; The response letter is also attached.
Recommendations Although ISMCO looks at a number of areas in this report, Similar human rights abuses have been reported in many parts of the region, with numerous complaints to the commission. Therefore, all stakeholders should understand the seriousness of the problem and implement the recommendations below
ISMCO calls for you to do so.
To the Oromia Police Commission and to the Oromia Attorney General
All prisoners who have been detained in violation of a court order to be released immediately;
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- Prisoners who have been beaten by security forces and other inhumane acts
Investigate cases to ensure victims receive justice and hold police officers accountable for misconduct and human rights violations;
Establish the necessary control system to prevent similar incidents in the future;
- The release of so-called “temporarily” detainees who have been detained for a long time without being informed, investigated, or brought before a court of law;
- Immediate release of detainees for the purpose of providing a wanted family member; And provide clear guidance to prevent similar incidents in the future;
- To reduce the number of inmates at police stations with high overcrowding
Take immediate action to help: To build more restrooms, and to take immediate action to improve sanitation.
-People arrested in connection with non-compliance with civil obligations should be released immediately
To provide clear guidance to release them and prevent similar acts in the future.
- Prompt investigation of child and female suspects at any time;
- To make it easier for mothers of infants to be released on bail as much as possible.
- Children between the ages of 9 and 15 who are arrested on suspicion of involvement in criminal matters are subject to the Criminal Procedure Code.172 to be released on bail immediately. For the Oromia National Regional State Administration
- Continue zonal and woreda-level “security councils” to respect the authority and function of the judiciary and to stop its activities related to arrests and detentions.
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- Properly supervised security forces employed in various locations.
For the FDRE. House of Peoples’ Representatives and Oromia
- To find a lasting solution to the serious human rights situation described in this report
To closely monitor and monitor the implementation of the Commission’s recommendations; ISMCO calls.
- Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) June 22, 2012 The unrest in the Oromia region following the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa last night Monitoring the human rights situation, especially the treatment of prisoners, at various times to take corrective action.He has been making recommendations to stakeholders. Although some corrective measures have been taken in accordance with the recommendations, there are still many unresolved human rights issues in the region.Complaints will be submitted to ISMCO. ISMCO from November 11, 2013 to January 4, 2013. During the period, he conducted surveillance at 21 selected police stations, including a large number of “haala yeroo” detainees, including those arrested in connection with the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa. Surveillance was conducted in Jeldu, Abune Gendeberet, Gendeberet, Batu, Adami Tulu, Shashemene town (woreda two police station), Arsi Negele town, Dodola, Adaba, Gedeb Asasa woreda (Assasa), Adama (Denbela sub-city, Dabe Soloke sub-city and Bole sub-city police stations), Assela town (two police stations), Dera (Dodota woreda), Chiro, Boset woreda (Olenchiti), Robe Bale town, Haromaya and It’s at the police station.
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Methodology The monitoring was conducted on the basis of repeated complaints and suggestions to the Commission
In particular, there are a number of others who have been arrested in connection with the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa.
It is located at 21 selected police stations. The surveillance was carried out in two rounds at two police stations, each with two members.
They collected information from 21 selected police stations and 281 inmates by using pre-prepared questionnaires in accordance with relevant national and international laws and principles, and conducted physical observations in detention centers.
However, in addition to the names and locations mentioned in the report, it was important to clarify the situation, and the names of detainees and police representatives interviewed by the monitoring groups were not named.
Prior to the commission’s release of its findings to the public, the Oromia Regional State Police (Oromia Regional State Police Commission, Oromia Regional State Attorney General’s Office, Oromia Regional State Attorney General and Oromia Regional State (D) January 14, 2013. Requested by Letter (No. SEMO / 2.1 / 50/2013). Chefe
Oromia and Oromia Regional State Chief Executive Office
Unable to include comments because they did not provide. Oromia Attorney General
March 14, 2013 In a letter to ISMCO No. 02 / WG-12/1172
By forming an investigation team with the Oromia Police Commission regarding the findings of the Commission
He gave a detailed answer stating that a vetting operation had been carried out and the responses in this report
They are directed to be included where appropriate.
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Major human rights violations identified in the monitoring regarding human rights abuses in the region.
The Commission’s ongoing monitoring and investigation efforts to ensure justice for victims and hold perpetrators accountable are in full swing at most police stations.
Due to the similarity, the following are some of the major human rights violations identified in the follow-up.
3.1. Imprisonment and related human rights abuses
In interviews with suspects at the police station and police station officials, the team found that most of the detainees at the police station were being held on “haala yeroo” suspicion.
This phrase is used to describe people arrested in connection with the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa, prisoners arrested in connection with the protests and protests, people arrested as a member or supporter of OLF Shene, people arrested in connection with the situation in Tigray region and the like. They have committed crimes by engaging in activities related to it
Police said they were using it to identify suspects.
Police station officials said the detainees were being held on suspicion of being “in a state of emergency” at the zonal and woreda security councils (Mana maree nageenyaa). Prisoners reported that decisions made by the council were delayed and did not comply with the law. As a result, many police stations have been charged with felony criminal mischief without due process
Prisoners complained that they had been detained without trial, without charge, without due process of law, and without complying with court orders.
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In some areas (eg, Adaba, Assasa), detainees told the monitoring group that the arrests were carried out at night and that the doors of their homes were being broken into by special forces and regular police without a warrant.
The victims told ISMCO and police officials confirmed: In a cafe in Adama, a pregnant woman was said to have “discussed a strike.”
The 38 suspects arrested had their appointments closed and the court granted them bail, but the police initially arrested them for “failing to present evidence due to relocation for work” and other evidence.
They are not enough to prosecute the suspects. ”
Sixteen suspects have been arrested in connection with the killing of artist Hachalu at the Arsi Negele City Police Station.
“Although they are not prosecuted, they are the main participants; They have to go to training for more than four months. One of the detainees stated that she had been detained for refusing to testify against other defendants and that she had been threatened by police and prosecutors. The administration of the police station said that the detainees were identified as the core (main participants) and that it was decided by the governing body to enter the training camp, but also from other places.
He said the process was delayed due to the presence of inmates who were undergoing training.
Among the detainees at the Batu town police station were 10 suspects, as well as Adam
Twenty-two of the suspects arrested at Tulu police station did not appear in court
They told the monitoring group that they had been unjustly detained for one to five months
They explained. Similarly, at the Chiro town police station, they were arrested from different districts
Other prisoners, including suspects in custody
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They complained to the monitoring group that they had been detained for months without appearing.
30 people arrested in Adaba for 15 days to two months; One person was detained for more than a month and a half in Dera, and four people detained in Assela Woreda 1 and Assela Woreda 2 for 15 days to three months without trial, according to the ISMCO Monitoring Group. The ISMCO monitoring team learned from various police stations that there were arrests that did not follow due process
The prisoners he spoke to later reported that they had been held in squalid conditions for long periods of time in overcrowded cells.
At Adaba Police Station, the surveillance team spoke to a man over the age of 50, who had been in the district for more than two months, along with many others.
“I have been arrested several times in the past for political reasons, but in my lifetime I have been arrested several times for political reasons. I have never seen anything like this, ”he told the monitoring group.
Oromia Prosecutor General’s Office Arrests Unexpected Arrests and Detention without Prosecution
In response to the above complaint, a number of suspects have been arrested without due process due to the complexities of the peace that followed the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa.
According to the law, suspects should be charged as soon as possible.
It states that their investigation records have been closed and released. The police said in a statement that the suspects were arrested only after a court order was issued.
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Ismeko understands that the violence that followed the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa is widespread, complex and may take a long time to investigate. However
At the beginning of the trial, a large number of unsubstantiated suspects were released
However, during the interrogation, there were several people detained at various police stations without charge. In addition, during the follow-up, alleged “contemporary” suspects unrelated to the disturbances following the artist’s assassination were detained without a court order beyond the legal limit.
On the other hand, three of the police stations monitored by ISMCO (border surveillance)
A total of ten suspects were arbitrarily taken to Shashemene town, dressed in armored or military uniforms, wearing artificial hair and carrying various weapons. About the situation
Officials at the two police stations interviewed confirmed that the detainees had been taken to Shashemene, but said they were unaware that they had been filmed. The head of a police station admitted that the suspects had been shot but that they had been shot with a firearm
No, he said, adding that they had come to the district where they had committed crimes in the past to gather information through a video conference with their previous district.
Some police at some police stations, particularly in the border town of Assasa
Members (especially members of the Special Forces) took people into their homes at night on the pretext that they were wanted for questioning.
They explain that they are threatening and threatening to sue you. The monitoring team could not substantiate this claim with any other independent evidence. In response, the Oromia Attorney General stated that there was a strict control system in place to prevent this from happening.
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He responded by stating that he was ready to prosecute the perpetrators if the allegations were substantiated.
In some areas (eg, Shashemene, Adaba), the monitoring group observed detainees who failed to repay their loans due to non-repayment of loans from various micro and small financial institutions (WALQO, Vision fund, etc.).
3.2. Failure to comply with court order
In most of the monitored police stations, a large number of alleged “current” suspects were released on bail or filed a bail application with the police, who signed the application and presented the detainee to the court.
They told the Monitoring Group that they had been unjustly detained for 15 days to five months without a court order.
Thirteen suspects in Dodola were released on bail pending the release of a court order. Some of the 16 suspects arrested in connection with the assassination of artist Hachalu at the Arsi Negele Police Station have been released on bail but have not been released and the rest have not been released on bail.
They had been in prison for months. A court in Olenchiti has ordered the release of a suspect on bail, but he has been held without charge for two and a half months without being released.
He explained to the ISMCO monitoring team. Some inmates also demanded bail
If we take it to court, we will be taken to an unknown location
They say they are afraid to ask.
Prosecutors, on the other hand, issued a “no-confidence motion” but kept them in custody
The monitoring team noted the presence of suspects. In Shashemene Woreda 2
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A police officer was released on bail, but the prosecutor ruled that she was not guilty of any crime.
After more than three months in prison, she was charged with another felony and sentenced to life in prison.
She told the monitoring group that the lack of compliance had discouraged her from the legal process.
Police officials in various surveyed areas admitted to the monitoring group that the above-mentioned problems existed, but only the district or zonal “security councils” could make decisions about those arrested on the basis of “current circumstances”. Even so, even if they are not able to make their own decisions, it is up to the concerned zonal and regional authorities
He told the monitoring group that he was working with the authorities to ensure that those who had been detained for a long time were sentenced to a short term or sent to a training camp in accordance with the guidelines. On the other hand, in light of the security situation in the region, there were also police officials who said that the action taken by the police and the non-compliance of the courts were reasonable and appropriate.
In response, the Oromia Attorney General noted that the problem had occurred in some areas.
If the suspects are released until further notice, they will be released
There are widespread complaints from the public that they are suspected of committing a crime
They were also charged with felony criminal mischief
It is feared that it may be. ” The reasons mentioned
They can be brought before a court of law, but in any case
House decisions should not be a reason to detain people who are supposed to be released
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3.3. Beatings and inhumane treatment of prisoners
At most police stations monitored by ISMCO (eg, Adami Tulu, Adaba,
Assasa, Arsi Negele, Adama Dabe Soloke Police Station, Robe Bale, Dera, Chiro, Olenchiti, Haromaya, etc.)
Detainees reported beatings and other ill-treatment during arrests and entry into police stations. As a result, their heads, faces, noses, stomachs, legs, teeth, etc. ISMCO monitors inmates who have sustained injuries, fractures, or blood on their bodies that have been temporarily or permanently injured.
For example, during the surveillance of the Assasa City Police Station, more than 30 of the 110 (103 male and 7 female) detainees at the station were arrested or
After entering the site, they were beaten, bruised, and bruised. Prisoners who had been beaten told the ISMCO monitoring team, citing the names of the perpetrators.
Some of the detainees reported being beaten from their homes between approximately 3:00 pm and 8:00 pm, and some were beaten in the presence of their children and spouses, while others were beaten by their children and spouses.
Their partners also said they had been beaten. 16 of the complainants
At around 8:00 pm, special police officers covered their faces and lay on their stomachs while they were being held from their homes in the rural kebele where the detainees live.
They told ISMCO that they had committed inhumane acts by doing so, then trampled on their backs and threatened, “We will shoot you.”
A woman who claims to be a breastfeeding and pregnant woman in Adaba woreda has not been found by the police who came to arrest her alleged member of OLF Shene.
She said she was arrested and beaten at the time, and there were signs of beating on her body.
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A man who claimed to have been arrested during a family feud during a visit by the Arsi Negele City Police Station told the team that he had been beaten by police during his arrest and that he had been injured and was rolling on the ground inside the police station. In addition to others
The monitoring team observed the inmates who suffered various injuries as a result of the beatings.
He told the commission that 23 inmates were beaten at the Adami Tulu Woreda Police Station during the arrest and after entering the police station, including the Woreda Police Chief. Due to the beatings on their legs during the visit
Suspects with bruising, broken hands, and various signs of abuse
The ISMCO monitoring team was able to detect their presence. At the same police station, a suspect in the murder case disappeared from the area and was taken to another location.
Not to mention that he never escaped, even in the bedroom with his hands on his hips
He was imprisoned.
As a result of the beatings at police stations in Awdai and Chiro towns, suspects with bruises, broken arms or legs were exposed to the commission’s staff.
Eight suspects in Olenchiti reported being beaten by police officers after entering a police station, and one of the suspects was charged with felony criminal mischief.
He said that the suspect was beaten to believe in the crime he was accused of.
Has shown. During the arrest of the other suspects at the site and their statements
He told ISMCO that he had been beaten while being handed over to the investigating police.
Most of the station officials interviewed by the monitoring team were from the police station
Complaints about beatings by special police outside their jurisdiction
They mentioned that they could not comment on the matter, but some
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When the suspects tried to escape during the arrest, they speculated that the police might have taken action, but they denied allegations of beatings at the police station.
Officials at some stations (for example, Chiro) have promised to investigate and correct any problems with their site. On the contrary, some police station
Officials (for example, in Assasa, Adama Dabe Soloke sub-city, Dodola) suggested that the problem may have been caused by the suspects’ “dangerous behavior.”
The Oromia Attorney General said that in the wake of the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesa, it was “impossible to maintain the rule of law” in the usual way and that the problem was “beyond the capacity of the local police force”.
He said the damage was done in the process of arresting suspects who tried to snatch weapons from the security forces. He added that some of the suspects had been injured while trying to escape, and that no one had been beaten by police in connection with the blast.
Ismeko is well aware of the complexities and special challenges posed by the large-scale violence that followed the Hachalu Hundesa assassination. However, despite these challenges, the need for law enforcement to fulfill its responsibilities, even under difficult circumstances, does not eliminate the need for respect for human rights. On the other hand, with special force when they are captured
Most of the inmates who reported to the monitoring team that they had suffered various injuries after the beating followed the artist’s assassination.
It is important to keep in mind that they are people who have been arrested at various times in the “current situation”.
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3.4. Arrests of other suspects in violation of the principle of individual responsibility for the arrest of a father or mother under the pretext of “bring your children who are suspected of a crime” and the arrest of a wife for “bringing your husband”.
Ismoko learned from his monitoring and regular complaints.
The monitoring group observed breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women who reported being detained in the same manner. In Awdai, for example, three women are wanted by the police (police)
It is learned that the members of the OLF Shene have been arrested for presenting their children and that a woman is in jail with her child for presenting her husband.
Similarly, her husband, who is wanted on suspicion of being a member of OLF Shene, at the Adaba Police Station
A pregnant woman who claimed to have been arrested for hiding from the police was in custody with her baby. In some police stations (for example, Dodola), a couple of children were arrested on suspicion of being “on a temporary basis” with their children.
The monitoring group found that.
Four fathers, including a couple of parents and
2 Mothers were imprisoned. Some police station officials interviewed by the watchdog group said it was necessary to use this method to apprehend key suspects, and some (e.g., Adaba) were particularly wanted by criminals.
Regarding mothers or married women who have been arrested in connection with their children or spouses, their children or husbands are wanted for crimes, but the individuals are also arrested because they are involved in the crime and are being held accountable.
The Oromia Attorney General’s Response to the Complaint
It is not true that families are being arrested for presenting suspects
People at the above-mentioned police stations were arrested on suspicion of committing a crime
We confirmed at the police station that it was not for the suspects
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He replied. He acknowledged that the allegations were baseless and that some police officers, including some police officers, had spoken out in support of the plan. This practice is illegal and a violation of human rights
It also has a serious negative impact on vulnerable women and children and should be closely monitored.
3.5. “Security Councils” and the Right to Justice In discussions with various police station officials, the zonal and woreda security councils (Mana maree nageenyaa) have the power to make decisions on “current” suspects.
He understood that they were. The “Security Council” has five members: a zonal or woreda administrator or a city mayor (chairperson), a zonal or woreda prosperity party office head (deputy chairperson), a zonal or woreda administration and security bureau.
Head (member), head of the zonal or woreda police department, and head of the zonal or woreda prosecutor’s office.
According to officials, the council will assess the current security situation in the area, direct the action to be taken, determine the suspects to be arrested, and decide on the suspects to be released. Therefore, it is advisable to adhere to the decisions of both the courts and the prosecutors regarding “current” suspects.
It is understood that the house must be approved.
This process allows suspects to be arrested without a warrant, even after arrest
They were brought before a court of law and their case was heard in an independent court
They do not have access to speedy justice and the decisions of the courts are not enforced
Instead of judging people according to the law, they become victims of political decisions.
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Suspects who have been detained for months due to court rulings by ISMCO, who spoke to various police stations, raised serious questions about the credibility of the justice system. The regional government is committed to the peace and security of the people
While it is important to remember that he has a great responsibility to protect, the steps to be taken to fulfill this responsibility include the powers and functions of the judiciary established by the Constitution.
They must be respected.
3.6. Detained women and children There were female detainees at all police stations surveyed, including
Among themselves arrested on suspicion of a crime or other wanted criminal disappearance
There were women who claimed to have been arrested for providing family members. Some of these women are children, ranging in age from 5 months to 10 years.
Two police stations in Shashemene Woreda were overcrowded, with poor sanitation, and H.E. no. V. Various, including a prisoner living with the AIDS virus
In the ward, the team observed eight children, ranging in age from 3 to 10 years, who were incarcerated with their mothers on suspicion of various crimes. Mothers with children aged 5 months to one year at Adaba and Robe Bale police stations and a mother in Dodola.
The team found out that she and her husband were in custody with their baby.
The female suspects are in the same compound as the male suspects. In short
Female suspects use toilets and toilets as a threat to their safety
They use it with men. On the other hand, children arrested on suspicion of a crime are criminals
To be released on unconditional bail in accordance with Article 172 of the Penal Code
As expected: On the contrary, they were involved in criminal activities at various police stations
Suspected inmates under 15 years of age
They are being held in custody. For example, at Adami Tulu Woreda Police Station 6;
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The monitoring group observed children suspected of being involved in criminal activities in Olenchiti 4, Arsi Negele 1, Adaba 2.
Children who are incarcerated with their mothers or who are suspected of being involved in crime do not get enough food in the prisons. The storage rooms are also severely unhygienic
Babies and mothers sleep on a concrete floor with sheets, fertilizer, cardboard, and so on. As a result, their bodies are severely damaged and prone to various skin conditions
The monitoring group looked at children at risk.
3.7. Lack of Detention Centers and Poor Hygiene Most of the police stations observed by ISMCO monitoring cells are overcrowded. Areas inspected include Assela Woreda Police Station and Robe City Police Station.
Tulu, Batu, Abune Gendeberet, Gendeberet, Jeldu and Arsi Negele are known to be overcrowded. At these stations, the size of the houses was less than one square in terms of the number of inmates, so prisoners were not only able to sleep but also to sit.
They are in trouble.
As a result, some observers reported that inmates at some stations slept on the porch or in the courtyard during the day and slept in the evening.
You explained. Some stations also detain inmates due to security concerns
The prisoners were stacked on top of each other as they did not allow them to go out on the porch
The inmates said they spent the day and night in cramped rooms
Explain to the monitoring group.
The men’s room at Shashemene Woreda 2 police station is approximately 56 square meters
There were 73 suspects at the time of the search. The women’s room is approximately 24 square meters
There were 27 suspects and 8 children. For accommodation at the Batu police station
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There are three parts that serve. There are 27 inmates in the first room, which is approximately 20 square meters, and in the second room there are 18 inmates.
Approximately 12 square feet [12 sq m], there are 4 inmates in the third (female) class, and the area is approximately 5 square meters. In a conversation with the inmates at all three dormitories
Prisoners in cells complained of overcrowding and sometimes slept in shifts because space was not available to all inmates. At the site
The monitoring group noted that the detainees were exposed to various skin diseases due to extreme congestion and hot weather.
The Haromaya police station was overcrowded, and many prisoners were housed on the porch and used as restrooms. The restrooms are airtight and light. The same thing applies with urgency. In Abune Gendeberet Woreda
At the police station, 68 male prisoners were held in two rooms, each made of tin, approximately 25 square meters.
Crowds at Detention Stations In recent times, many people have been arrested in connection with the “current situation” in the form of a campaign, and people who have been granted bail are in court.
The Monitoring Group’s discussions with inmates and station officials revealed that detainees who had been charged or convicted had not been released due to a shortage of Covide-19 interrogation kits when they were to be transferred to prisons.
He was able to.
Another issue raised by detainees and observed by the monitoring group was poor hygiene in the detention centers and detention centers. Almost all supervised police stations have a mattress to sleep on
They do not have: The walls of the rooms are very dirty and unpainted for many years
They are infested with pests and are extremely unsuitable for human health and well-being
Have arrived. For example, the building used for the office at the Adaba Police Station is outside and
The interior wall is well painted, but on the contrary there are prisoners
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The fact that all the rooms have not been painted for centuries can be seen from the dark walls and walls of the Derg era.
It is also common to see rubbish piled up on the premises of most police stations. For example, in Awdai and Shashemene Woreda 2 police stations, a large amount of garbage was piled up next to the suspects’ dormitory.
They complained to the monitoring group that there were diseases. Leaders interviewed by the monitoring group noted a lack of funding for expansion and renovation and pest control for the units. However, it is clear from the discussions with the leaders that despite the budget deficit, the problem has not been addressed.
Oromia’s Attorney General’s Response to the Narrowing and Overcrowding of Detention Centers
He attributed the problem to the lack of a place to hold a large number of suspects.
3.8. Food, Medical and Water Services
The suspects were arrested at all police stations monitored by ISMCO
Suspected food shortages, especially those arrested from various rural kebeles who have been at the police station for a long time without being charged and whose families are incapacitated or far away from their homes.
They told the monitoring group that they were living in a difficult situation with the help of other prisoners. Police officials confirmed the problem, but said there was no budget for the food station.
In response to the case, Oromia’s Attorney General said that the police, in collaboration with the local government, had been providing food to inmates who could not feed themselves.
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Explains. However, during the surveillance, a number of “temporary” suspects were arrested from various rural kebeles and detained at each police station by the government.
There was no food for them.
There is no free health care provided by the government at all police stations. Prisoners cover their own health care costs. The most common problem at the monitoring stations regarding the service is the inmates’ request for medical care
This is because they do not receive the service on time. Police sometimes charge a fee of between 150 and Birr 300 to take prisoners to a medical facility, and a doctor may refer them to another medical facility for further treatment.
When commenting: Prisoners complained that they were not taken to the health facility on time.
At the Arsi Negele town police station, some police officers ridiculed them, saying, “Why don’t you die?”
Prisoners told the monitoring group that there were individuals who had been beaten.
While the team was at the station, a suspect was “beaten by police” with various injuries to his body on the ground without treatment.
The monitoring team noticed that it was rolling.
Shashemene Woreda 2 police station no. V. Patients and fellow inmates who live with AIDS and other inmates who suffer from epilepsy often suffer from chronic malnutrition.
Other prisoners explained to the monitoring group. In Olenchiti, a suspected H.E. no. V. Explain that he regularly takes anti-aging and anti-lung drugs
When he was arrested, he was taken to a police station without taking the medication and went to a health facility
He asked the police for medicine but was not taken to a health facility
He told the team that the pain was getting worse as he had not been able to get treatment for days
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At Assasa City Police Station, a diabetic who was arrested with his spouse on “temporary” charges has been detained without trial for more than a month.
He told the monitoring group that he was suffering from a lack of food and medication. The management of the stations, for their part
He noted that despite the lack of logistics and manpower, there were no detainees who had been denied medical treatment, but that some detainees “asked only to leave unharmed,” and sometimes “could use it to escape.”
They point out that it is important to get proper medical attention when applying for treatment.
All the authorities denied the allegations and said that they would ask the police to pay them to go to the health facility.
It has been suggested that inmates may be asked to pay. Notwithstanding the point made by the officials, the formal medical request form (form)
It is clear that there is a gap in the lack of a clear procedure for when to ask for medical services, when a request was made, what the response was and what to do if the respondent did not respond appropriately.
The Oromia Attorney General, for his part, said there were gaps but that prisoners were being treated as much as possible.
Most of the monitored police stations have access to water despite interruptions. However, in some areas (for example, in Haromaya) there are no men’s and women’s bathrooms, especially for women prisoners.
The team explained. Water for personal hygiene at the Awdai Police Station
Due to the lack of supply, the inmates at the station were unable to maintain personal hygiene
The monitoring team noticed that they were suffering from pests.
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3.9. Toilet service
Most of the police stations surveyed were unsanitary, but they had toilets. But there is no consistent toilet use system
In some cases, inmates complained. In the current situation, the use of toilets depends on the management of each station. At most stations (eg, Assasa, Dedela, Assela Woreda 1, and Asela Woreda 2), inmates were provided with toilet services twice a day (morning and evening). Also at these sites
Prisoners are not allowed to go to the toilet during the day, except for the use of a container (jerrycan, bucket, water elastic, etc.) and sometimes on personal request.
Very few police stations (for example, Bale Robe, Shashemene, Adaba) allow inmates access to latrines at any time of the day. Prisoners, on the other hand
Fearing that they might escape, all police stations are ill and do not allow prisoners to leave their rooms in the evening.
Prisoners also reported that they had difficulty accessing the service.
Contrary to the above, the Jeldu police station did not have its own toilet at the time of the monitoring, and the detainees were flushing the open space in the Woreda Administration Office premises due to poor sanitation.
Watched. Asked about the problem, the head of the station’s inspection department repeatedly asked for a budget to build a toilet, but the requested budget was not allocated.
Prisoners said they were in dire straits due to lack of toilets. However, following the recommendations made by the monitoring team at the time, the police station’s management did
Efforts have been made to provide temporary toilets for the administration of the police station to ISMCO
Most latrines are unsanitary. At Awdai Police Station
There is only one toilet for the suspects. He is also full
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Due to lack of time, it is not possible to use it and it is not suitable for inmates
Spills are causing hazardous odors and disease in the area.
From the stations on the problems related to the toilet service in general
In discussions with the authorities, there was a lack of consistent procedures and guidelines for the provision of toilet services, and all stations were aware of their own circumstances, and the time when suspects could use the toilet was twofold.
It is understood that there are up to three. This is due to the lack of security forces and the fear that prisoners may escape.
There were also some leaders who said that it was enough for prisoners to have access to toilets twice a day. In addition, officials cite budget shortages as a result of poor sanitation and poor sanitation in some areas.
3.10. Lack of legal framework
Not all police stations surveyed have clear and mandatory guidelines for the treatment of detainees. For example, family visits, use of toilets, cleanliness of rooms, room size and number of detainees, medical care, inmates ‘physical safety and responsibilities at the stations, as well as inmates’ complaints about internal complaints when police stations violate their rights. Their absence contributed to the gaps in the treatment of prisoners.
Although ISMCO looks at certain areas in this report, He told the Commission that similar human rights problems were observed in many parts of the region
It is clear from the complaints that were filed. Therefore, all concerned
Recognize the seriousness of the problem and implement the recommendations below
ISMCO calls for you to do so.
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To the Oromia Police Commission and to the Oromia Attorney GeneralRelease all prisoners who have been detained in violation of a court order;
Prisoners who have been beaten by security forces and other inhumane acts
Investigate cases to ensure victims receive justice and hold police officers accountable for misconduct and human rights violations;
Establish the necessary control system to prevent similar incidents in the future;
The release of so-called “temporarily” detainees who have been detained for a long time without being informed, investigated, or brought before a court of law;
Immediate release of detainees for the purpose of providing a wanted family member; And clear leadership to prevent similar incidents in the future
To reduce the number of inmates at police stations with high overcrowding
Take immediate action to help: To build more restrooms, and to take immediate action to improve sanitation.
Immediate release of persons detained in connection with non-compliance
To provide clear guidance to release them and prevent similar acts in the future.
Prompt investigation of child and female suspects at any time;
To make it easier for mothers of infants to be released on bail as much as possible.
Children between the ages of 9 and 15 who are arrested on suspicion of involvement in criminal matters are subject to the Criminal Procedure Code.
172 to be released on bail immediately.
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For the Oromia National Regional State Administration
_ Enforce zonal and woreda level “security councils” to respect the authority and function of the judiciary and to stop its activities related to arrests and detentions; o
Appropriate control of security forces employed in various locations
To be done.
For the FDRE. House of Peophles’ Representatives and Oromia
- To closely monitor the implementation of the Commission’s recommendations to find a lasting solution to the serious human rights situation described in this report; ISMCO calls.
For their full report in amharic version materials please download the following pdf